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Indus River Civilization

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by

Christina Orozco

on 24 August 2016

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Transcript of Indus River Civilization

Harappan Civilization
Emerged along the Indus River by 2500 B.C.E.
Present day Pakistan and Afghanistan
Also called Indus Civilization
Many settlements found along the region but two main urban centers.
Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro
Mountains and deserts served as natural barriers.
Indus River
Indus River extends hundreds of miles from the Himalaya to the Arabian Sea
Erratic floods every year
Flood left behind rich soil
Allowing successful wheat,barley, and peas harvest.
Infrastructure
Advanced technology
Public wells
Public baths
Bathrooms with drainage system
Broad main streets running north-south crossed by smaller streets running east-west
Homes has square courtyards surrounded by rooms;often three stories
Indus River Civilization
2500 B.C.E.
Economy
Harappan Civilization was based on farming
Traded with Sumerians in Mesopotamia
Textiles and food for Indus copper, lumber, and cotton.
Government
Rulers based power on divine authority
The ruler was also the (Priest) religious leader
Citadel (Mohenjo-Daro)- Combination of royal palace and holy temple suggest the leader proclaimed to have direct link with the Gods.
Social Class Structure
Patriarchal Family
Family consisted of grandparents, parents, and children living in the same home.
Only men could inherit property
Upper class men were educated by guru's (teachers)
They could only get married once they completed 12 years of studies.
Arranged marriages were common
Aryans people introduced a "distinctive system of social inequalities" to the Indus River valley.
#1 Priests
#2 Warriors
#3 Merchants and landowners
#4 Commoners and servants
#5 Outcasts, street sweepers, latrine cleaners
Writing
Harappan civilization had writing system
Not been able to translate yet.
Aryan (Indo-European) people that settled in the region eventually developed
Sanskrit
.
Aryan Sanskrit writings include
Vedas:(Knowledge) sacred books.
Mahabharata: India's greatest epic poem about war, love, and social duty.
Ramahyana: Epic about King Rama and his wife Sita
Full transcript