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Hannah Butts

on 23 January 2014

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Transcript of Education

We know that education is an extremely important characteristic in students' lives. Education gives us knowledge of the world around us. It develops a perspective of looking at life and helps build opinions. The development of knowledge is important because it opens doors to brilliant career opportunities. Education becomes an eligibility criterion for employment in any sector of the industry. Therefore, we are weighed in the market on the basis of our educational skills and how well we can apply them. The thought of finding a way to improve children's education drew us toward this issue.
We chose this issue because it is an important and current problem. This problem greatly appealed to all of our interests and we wanted to research more about this problem. The issue we are attempting to solve has been occuring all over the world. Therefore, education is an interesting topic to research.
This issue is very important for a number of reasons. First of all, it is a current issue. It is important to try and solve problems at the beginning so that they don’t grow into anything bigger. Also, education is the main point of a child’s development. If America wants to produce intelligent students then we should always try to improve our quality of education. We need to keep up with society, the rest of the world. Not only do we need to keep up, but we need to prepare our students for the future. It is imperative that we include programs in our education for kids because they help the students grow and discover what their interests are. Also, it is important that we don’t raise taxes because that would land more children out of school and that is exactly the opposite of what we want. Lastly, this issue is important because it effects so many aspects of our everyday lives.
PBL Project
By Purva S.
Hannah B.
and Susan J.

Topic: Education
Question: How can schools provide better education for children without increasing taxes or eliminating programs and clubs?

Counselors- provide mental, emotional, social,
and developmental behavior services to students.

Teachers/school- staff motivate students and help them organize their strengths and weaknesses.

Principals- create programs/clubs and classes for the students.

School libraries have a positive impact on students.

Parents- parental effort is consistantly associated with higher levels of achievement, and the magnitude of the effect of parental effort is substantial.

Program Administrators- Create programs/clubs

Tax payers- person who pays the tax or is subject to taxation.

Other Schools- schools around the world are greatly suffering from budget cuts, thus increasing taxes.

Community/environment- Children who spend a large amount of time in a reflective environment gives them an oppurtunity to expand their knowledge.

Department of Eduaction

School Board
Education's Aspects
Introduction Statement
The environment is an imperative characteristic in students' education. When children reach the age of four, they depend on their surroundings to expand their knowledge. This includes actively participating in a classroom or home that is appropriate for the student's level of development. The outdoors provide an opportunity for children that is not possible inside. The outdoors environment also gives these same chances to students with disabilities. Nature gives an ideal backdrop for mentoring between teachers and children with difficulties. David Hart, of the National Association of Head Teachers, said a good quality environment gives students a "feel- good factor", which leads to better academic performance. The environment where the student is raised in effects their development skills. If a child's home is not a reflective place to learn, it will have a long lasting problem in his/her performance. The long term effects of a child's early home environment includes poorer language development and behavior issues, such as aggression, anxiety, and depression. The student's home environment and skills he/she learns in the first three years is linked to: high school graduation, teen parenthood, and adult employment and earnings.
Studies show that growing up in a disadvantaged environment makes the brain develop in a different way. A home full of chaos and/or poverty can lead to changes in the brain's stress system(increases a child's vulnerability to diseases in later life). Researchers have discovered patterns of brain activity involved with family income and status, particularly in brain areas related to social development, emotional development, and language ability.
Family income and economic circumstances have a powerful effect on children's development as well. Better educated parents tend to provide more positive home environments. Poorly educated parents attempt to provide the best education possible for their child. These parents do not expose a reflective environment required for a student's development. Conversation and transportation are the most common noises that children are exposed to. Parents must provide a quiet home for their child because high noise levels can delay children's reading.
The student's school can have a strong effect on his/her education. Sometimes, the number of students in a class may make children pay attention to other environments. Overcrowding in classrooms or hallways can tear the student's focus away from learning. In middle school, students start to turn their attention to their appearances. Commonly nail polish, hairspray, perfume, and any other toxic exposure can seriously damage a student's senses. Therefore, the environment is an imperative characteristic in children's education.
The 5 W's
Imagine you're on a cruise in paradise, watching the memorizing sunset, as a gentle breeze swifts through the air and keeps you relaxed and happy. Your mind wanders back home and you ponder about all the people who haven't had such an opportunity. You think back to when your journey began.
The sun rises again, bringing along a new morning, but is it really a new start? Not for you. Today is the same as yesterday and tomorrow will be the same as today. Day and night all you do is swim and swim in the River of Life. You want something different from the river. You desperately want to reach the end of this flowing torture. You try to swim faster and harder until you feel the familiar pain of your arms cramping up...again. The water seems to be mocking you as it flows effortlessly past. A daydream of a boat with oars that could be used instead of swimming fills your head. When you open your eyes you realize with a wave of surprise that it's right in front of you, all you need to do is construct it with creativity and knowledge. You float freely to the bank of the river and you again envision the building of your boat but this time, people are helping you with the project. With a bit of doubt and hesitation, you pull yourself out of the river, your comfort zone. You walk over to a group of people who you discover are actually very friendly. After getting to know them you reveal your well-thought plans to them but they have a hard time visualizing a boat that pushes its way through rapid currents in the river. All night you analyze how to explain your vision more clearly. The next day you try again and this time your message is understood. Before you know it , you and your new team have gathered all the materials needed for building the boat. With just a few days of working diligently together, you have built an advantageous row boat. Soon you are back in the River of Life, but this time you have a row boat to your aid. However, you victory is short-lived due to the familiar aching in your arms from rowing. Once again, you're up on the bank of the river asking the towns people for assistance. They bring you to the master engineer. Together he and you design an electric motor for the boat. You soon bring the plan back to the towns people and they agree to help you build it. Once everything is completed, you suddenly feel an odd sense of emotion. You realize that you can't leave all the people who have helped you on your journey behind. You know you will be lonely on your trip down the river. With that thought in mind, you politely ask if anybody would like to come with. The ones who have always been by your side wish to join you on your journey. Now you officially have a crew. You are off! After many playful and serious moments you finally reach the end of the river. But you are not sad because now your home is as much land as it is water.You have finally accomplished your goals and you are extremely proud of yourself for doing so.
Image that you live in a beautiful house, with a great job, and a loving family. But how did you get there.... you didn’t inherit the luxurious life from your family, you had a good education. These days many people fail to realize how far an education can take you. Although you go through many different steps in your education, and some may seem extremely challenging, it is worth it in the end.
At the beginning of your life, also referred to as the “River of Life” in the story, every day is the same to you. You wake up in the morning; have your three meals, and then sleep. But then one day you are finally taken to a small little building with many other kids just like you, your first day of school. You may be uncomfortable at first because all you've ever known is home. You want to make friends, and you realize that they are all right there; you just have to interact with them. You soon walk up to a couple of the kids and hope to make friends with them. Shortly after having a conversation with the kids you do become friends and share your ideas. You create many imaginative things with eachother. Before long, you and your friends graduate to elementary school where you meet other people. But that is not the end. There you have new teachers and new responsibilities. You start having more work to do as well as longer school days. You begin to grow tired of school. However you are soon introduced to technology. You start to get engaged in school again. In next to no time, you and your friends graduate to middle school where you get to converse with people from other schools. In middle school you receive new privileges and freedoms and you responsibly use them. You always work hard to receive good grades and you are rewarded for doing that. Sometimes you need help from masters but that is alright. Although, you always seem to be getting piled with more work. As you grow, you learn to deal with the work and before you know it here comes high school! Once you go to high school you continue to do well in your academics as well as other activities. This time you are rewarded with scholarships. You are very proud of yourself and all of your stellar accomplishments and you soon choose to go to a good college. You graduate and you are off on your journey. But remember it is not the end, it is only the beginning.
Education and politics have major impacts on each other. First of all, politics is very closely tied to economics. Both aspects have to do with budgets and how they should be used on the school more efficiently, but politics goes a step father and has to do with political parties (democratic and republican party). Politics also is closely tied with decisions the president of the United States makes and if those were the mos beneficial thing to do. Politics is a very interesting aspect.
2008 was the year that President Barack Obama made major decisions and started new educational programs. An extra $330 million was provided to states to create new assessments that can accurately measure a child's knowledge and skills. He started to provide funds for states to implement a broader range of assessments that can show higher order skills and the ability to use technology. Those assessments were also used to show that a child has the ability to conduct research, and solve, present, and defend their ideas of different and current issues. But not all 50 states wanted to adopt the common-core standards because of political reasons or because their standards are already good enough. Many American families said that they didn't want any changes in education, especially because Americans move around a lot. In fact they move around more than any other country. If kids keep moving then they will be taught many different techniques and skills which would be very confusing.
Also, in 2008, President Obama voted no on vouchers that uses money to send kids to private schools. That was because the national evaluations show that public schools are more successful than charter schools. In some cases, charter school kids perform worse on state tests.
Instead of letting federal government provide loans, some cut out private banks directly freed billions of dollars that could be used to create programs in schools.
A country's economy has a major impact on their education system especially here in the United States. There are many advantages to having an education in a highly developed country and some of them may refer to the near future and sometimes to the far future. Sometimes your occupation may depend on the current economy and other times the type of house you live in does. The economy is closely related to education because our taxes increases depend on how our economy is either progressing or worsening. If the economy is in good shape then there will most likely be no budget cuts or increased taxes. Consequently, if the economy is not doing so good, there will most likely be tax increases so that we can still enjoy the programs that we love here at school.
With an education a country's economy can become more productive and efficient due to the people who could carry out tasks with more critical and creative thinking. Also, many countries have placed a high emphasis on improving the educational system that can educate students well enough to be able to function new industries (technology and sciences). Many countries provide funding for their education so that the economic performance can improve. Basically education is an investment for the economy. With an education you become well trained for a good job. With a good occupation, you can earn more money than workers with poorer educations. When there is a greater population of people attending and graduating from schools, the economy sees faster growth rather than when there is fewer educated people. Improved education systems would lead to a different future for the United States's economy. Overall, it is very important for all children to have an education so that the country can keep progressing.
Human Resource/Interview
Mrs. Mainwaring:

Q: Have you seen a drop in grades recently?
A: Yes, I have seen a drop in grades. Usually towards the end of the year, teachers have to report low grades. In the fourth quarter, students are tired of being in school, especially after the State Tests. Kids complain that their are no vacations in the critical time and deserve a break. Students are backing down from their work effort because they think the school year has already ended.

Q: Is the amount of school staff decreasing?
A: No, there is the same amount of school staff this year as last year. Acadia wants the best education for students, no matter how high the price is. This means that the school has to earn money from the programs/clubs that don't have much students participating and spend them on teachers/teacher salaries. The school board also had to cut some classes as well. Subjects like music and art are difficult to pay for at this time, where the government is raising the price for teachers' salaries. So, we do the best that we can to provide students a good education. But overall, no, we have not had a decrease in school staff.

Q: Is the school suffering from budget cuts?
A: No, we have always had enough money to keep the school open and provide students with various types of programs/clubs. Due to the tax increase this year, the school has enough money to open up new programs/clubs. So, Acadia has enough money to pay the budget and have more activities available to children.

Q: Is Acadia planning to increase taxes due to budget cuts?
A: Well, this year most people voted for an increase in taxes. As you know that the budget vote took place on May 21, and Acadia's taxes increased by a little more than 1%, which helps us pay more of school supplies. On the Shenendehowa website, it displayed the total number of people who voted for the increase in taxes (2,557) and the adults who were against the increase (1,208). Since the budget passed, yes, Acadia is planning to increase taxes. No matter how high the price is, I will always vote for the choice that Acadia remains open for future Acadians.

Q: Is the school having difficulty keeping any programs/clubs accessible to children?
A: Yes, the school is having difficulty keeping the programs/clubs provided for children. Sixth graders used to have health classes, but now the courses are only available for eighth graders. Sports, art, and music classes are in jepordy of being eliminated as well. This year, a certain number of students have to participate in a program/club for it to be able to stay accessible. Even the LOTE (Languages Other Than English) is not able to provide a variety of languages as it did before. Intermurals have a wide range of students, so the program will last a long period of time.

Q: Do lots of students participate in programs/clubs?
A: Yes, there is a huge participation in the school's programs/clubs. Students take part in activities that reflects their personality and interests. Pupils who have a special interest in technology may participate in Shen Inventors, children who have artistic talents can create artwork in Art Club, students whose favorite subject is Math can take part in Math Olympiads or Math Counts, etc. The varieties of programs/clubs provide the kids an opportunity to socialize with others. Not only are the activities boisterous, but they also develop students' group working skills.

Q: What does the school mostly spend money on?
A: The school mostly spends money on the teachers' salaries and benefits. Like the teachers' medical bills and so forth.

Q: What is your meaning of "good education"?
A: I think students having a healthy relationship among the themselves is "good education". Despite of all their grades being distributed, students also need social skills to become successful. Pupils are required to work well independently and in groups if they are to receive a prosperous career. Not only do students educate themselves in school, but it is imperative that they have friends to talk to or to guide them through times of trouble. Being challenged is an important characteristic in "good education" as well. The challenges light a path toward opportunities and successful careers. Pushing a student to work to reach their fullest potential exposes his/her talents in a subject. So, "good education" means to have a healthy relationship with others as well as being challenged in academics.
The legal aspect to education is rarely found. Usually the legal aspect for education has to do with economic losses or testing issues. One other part of the legal aspect is the DREAM Act. The DREAM Act is an action taken against immigrational discrimination. The DREAM Act makes sure that most immigrants can afford an education or some tutoring. Undocumented children are often discouraged from going to college. That is why there are lower graduation rates and higher drop-out rates. That causes those people to join gangs and and participate in illegal activity Also, some families are not allowed to enroll in schools because they cannot afford it. The DREAM Act does have to do with immigration but is also related to education.
Another part of the legal aspect is that many parents have issues against some school districts for making standardized tests mandatory. The Barber family, a normal family that thought standardized tests were a waste of time, filled a federal class action against NY and the school their son attends.
They also sued the state, Department of Education, and Rush-Henrietta Central School District's (the school district their son attends) school board, superintendent, and principal.
Cause Continued
The way in which students are educated can greatly affect society. After all, the people are the ones who make up the society. For example, research shows that students who are exposed to more than core subjects are more well rounded. This means that the society will be made up of well rounded people who have a variety of interests and jobs. When teachers educate students, especially at the younger ages, they need to focus on assisting the children in developing social skills. They learn to share and successfully communicate with others. These skills will be perfected all throughout children’s lives. If teachers constantly keep in mind that the students are developing these skills and help them use their skills in the proper way the society will eventually be made up of people who are aware of how to interact with each other effectively. As Charles Payne said, we need to stop concentrating on the plants we are planting and worry more about the soil. This means that if the background that we put the students into is nourishing to them, than they will be able to interact with each other better. Teachers, parents and any other adults in authority over these children must set good examples. Students should have a friendly relationship with their teachers and involve their parents in their schoolwork in order to develop more socialy at home and at school. Students should be
challenged with a mix of individual and group assignments so that they are able to work independently and with other peers. Encouraging students and congratulating them when they succeed will boost their self confidence. In order to provide fertile soil to the students they must form connections with supportive communities and leaders. Lastly, some say that increasing class sizes has a negative effect on developing social skills. The conclusion that I have drawn from various researches is that it can be negative but it can also provide many opportunities for students to interact with a variety of people their age from all different backgrounds and cultures. To help the students personally get to know the teacher, there could be a time set apart for the teacher to meet with each student alone. Also things like team days, days filled with fun activities for the students to engage in with their teachers and classmates, can help students feel more comfortable with the people they see at school. In conclusion, education affects society in many ways.

Social Continued
Social Continued
Mr. Burns:

Q: Have you seen a drop in grades recently?
A: No, I don't think I've seen a drop in grades. Acadia students are devoted to their studies and constantly work hard. Because of this success, we raised the average students had to have for NJHS (National Junior Honors Society) to a 93%. Pupils in Acadia are very fortunate, which gives us the great reputation we have today. The past couple of years, I have not seen a drop in grades.

Q: Is the amount of school staff decreasing?
A: Well, there was a tiny decrease in school staff this year. There were not many financial crises since 2008, where Acadia had a little difficulty paying the taxes to the government. On May 21, we had a budget vote as you know. Now, that the budget has passed, I'm confident that Acadia will remain open for future students.

Q: Is the school suffering from budget cuts?
A: A little. But not as bad as the other school districts, who are having great difficulty trying to keep the school open. The schools try to cut some classes and offer more enrollment, but even that is not enough to pay taxes. Acadia maintains a good variety of programs/clubs so that students can find their interests in certain subjects. There is enough money in the school district to hire teachers as well. But Acadia does not have too much money either. Sixth grade used to have health, but now only eighth graders are provided the classes. Because we have lost some teachers over the years, there are higher numbers of students in a class.

Q: Is Acadia planning to increase taxes due to the budget cuts?
A: Yes, but a very small amount. There is no dramatic hit by increasing the taxes just a bit. We try to use the money to pay the taxes, of course, and the students benefits. The school board and staff attempt to provide pupils with the best possible way to make learning exciting for them. So, the increase has no powerful effect on the school. It is just helping Acadia run smooth.

Q: Is the school having difficulty keeping any programs/clubs accessible to children?
A: Yes, we have trouble keeping a few programs accessible to children. We offer so much programs and clubs that students don't participate in them. Now, we have to have a certain number of students participating in the program for it to remain open. Popular clubs, such as art club and intermurals, is going to remain for a long period of time. Acadia provides varieties of programs/clubs that many other schools don't offer.

Q: Do lots of students participate in programs/clubs?
A: I'd say there was a medium amount of students participating in programs/clubs. Clubs that are more based on education and academics have a small audience. Programs based on sports appeal to most students. But there is a minimum number of pupils that have to participate in certain programs/clubs for it to remain accessible.

Q: What does the school mostly spend on?
A: I believe the school spend money on the staff. We have to pay for their salary, medical benefits, and supplies. Other schools sometimes can't remain open because of the price of the teachers and their salaries. So, we're very lucky to have such amazing and effective teachers, like Mrs. Case.

Q: What is your meaning of "good education"?
A: My meaning of "good education" is that a student is well- rounded. Pupils have to be exposed to different areas of academics to have a successful career. Being intelligent is not what matters most in life, but a child's social development is also an imperative characteristic required from a student. Nobody can't block out the world around them and concentrate on education for the rest of their lives. Having friends and other classmates to talk is also part of having a "good education".
The characteristics of education can have a great impact on students' academics. An effective strategy to improve the education of children would be to confiscate the students' digital technology. Shown from other teachers' perspectives, they believe that the students' constant use of digital technology is shortening their attention spans and the ability to persevere in the face of challenging tasks. Researchers note that the use of electronics, such as computers, phones, video games, etc. interferes with the children's concentration. Adults know that students need constant entertainment to capture their attention, but if the pupils' continue to be distracted by technology, all of their attention will be turned to electronics. Kristen Purcell, the associate director for research at Pew, said, "The education system must adjust to better accomodate the way students learn." After the Pew Research Centers surveyed the teachers of Pew, 90% of them said that technology is creating students with short attention spans. The habitual use of technology affects the students' behavior, including their performance in academics and the development of their brains. Researchers discovered that technology causes heavy stimulation and rapid shifts in attention. Therefore, electronic devices have a negative impact on students' education.
Students have a different opinion than the teachers' points of view. Small, transportable technology, such as Ipods, smartphones, Ipads, ect., could be used for educational purposes. Pupils can use technology to look up vocabulary words, take pictures of the assignments, and even text themselves a reminder for homework. By surveying varieties of schools, researchers identified if they are using their own electronic devices. Even adults take advantage of technology and what it has to offer. Eston Melton, assistant principal at West Potomac High School, said, "My education becomes something I walk around with in my pocket." Therefore, electronic devices have a positive impact on students' education.
An abundant amount of students attend home schools and public schools. Parents have difficulty attempting to find the most effective type of school that will be a positive influence on their child. A ponderous amount of children enroll in public schools, where students develop social skills. Public schools teach students to become responsible, respectful, and punctual. These characteristics are not informed to students attending home school. Although, pupils in home school learn at a more accelerated pace than public school. Despite their advanced curriculum, home schooled students miss a vital part of life; social skill.Home schooled pupils never receive the opportunity to participate in sports, pep rallies, dances, and other exciting activities. Unlike pupils in public school, home schooled students complete their work because there is no disturbance.Therefore, both types of schools are very effective.
In schools, students sometimes do not get attention from the teacher. There are many possible solutions to this problem. One strategy would be to create smaller classes. Researchers discovered that students participating in minor classes can boost their academic achievement. The class size should not contain more than 18 kids per teacher. This strategy is required to produce the greatest benefits, including higher test scores and more participation from students. Reducing class sizes may have little effect without enough teachers. Therefore, overcrowded class sizes are a major problem in students' education. Therefore, the characteristics of education has a major impact on children's education.

There are many things that caused our problem. The first reason is that America wants to improve the education of children so that it can keep up with the rest of the world and its technologies. This means getting proper education to people in all social classes. In order to help children learn to use the technologies available to them when they grow up and get a job, schools must provide such technologies in the classrooms. Also, an increase in taxes has caused many families to take their students out of school. In fear of forcing more parents to deprive their children of what is rightfully theirs, we cannot increase school taxes any more. Programs and clubs are important to schools because they make school a more fun and interesting place to learn. More students would come to school if they knew that
they could enjoy the themselves there. In addition, programs and clubs assist children in developing socially and finding their interests. More and more clubs are being offered and although this is a good thing, it is causing schools to have to pick and choose what programs they want to offer.
Another main cause of this issue is budget cuts. Budget cuts happen when the government refuses to give the schools money or gives them less money. The cause of these budget cuts is the failing economy and the increase in population which results in the schools needing more materials. To make up for the lost money, school often lower their staff, cut field trips, increase taxes, offer less supplies, cut programs/clubs, and make classes bigger. Some schools even cut full day kindergarten and/or reduce the school week to four days. As you can see, budget cuts really effect education.
The last cause of this issue is the state standards. These state standards focus more on concrete information than asking the kids to learn by actively participating in creative activities. The students should be able to learn the way that works best for them rather than learning the way the state says they have to. Many people dislike the New York State tests and Regions tests because they believe that they are ridiculous in expecting every child to function the same way. Therefore, there are many causes to this issue.
There are many ways that our issue effects the aspects you just viewed. The overall effect if our solution is put into play is that more children will be educated while being able to afford it and that more children will be actively participating in programs and clubs. The students will hopefully enjoy school more and the general education of students will improve because they will be able to learn the way that works best for them. Studies show that children who participate in extra activities have better grades. For example, research proves that students who participate in music programs have a higher overall average. After school clubs provide something fun to do for children who have to stay at school after everyone else it let out. Maybe their parents cannot pick them up until later and they can’t ride the bus. Well, with something to occupy them, they don’t have to wander aimlessly around until someone can take them home. Programs connect everyday life with school in a creative, enjoyable way. Another effect of our problem’s solution is that the United States will overtime produce better educated students. There will be more young adults graduating from high school and college. The population will be made up of well rounded, socially advanced people. As time passes, more and more children will be able to have a proper education and this will help the economy improve greatly. As you can see, there are many positive effects of this the solution of this important issue.
2) Another solution that we have opens up the opportunity for more spending money. If schools would stop spending money on unbeneficial things, that there would be a bit more money to spend on new supplies and technologies. Some examples of things that are nonessential to a good education are posters and trash cans. You do need trash cans but not in every classroom. There could simply be occasional big trash cans along the hallways. Posters do help to interest kids in books, ideas, and programs, but instead of paying to have them professionally made, have a group of students and a couple of teachers volunteer to make it themselves. This way the posters are more unique and homemade. Another expense that is unnecessary is the cost of scantrons. Scantrons are very expensive and most of the time, students only use less than half of the sheet. Scantrons may be quicker but looking at each test and scanning for the circled letter is not that difficult. More and more computers are being used to take multiple choice quizzes and tests. If they could be used to take notes and answer worksheets than schools would not have to spend as much money on paper. Lastly, the thing that really bugs me are the T.V.s in the cafeteria. They run all day but no one ever watches them. Electricity is expensive and spending it on multiple T.V.s that nobody watches is a huge waste of money. In conclusion, if school districts stopped spending money on unnecessary things than they would have more money to spend on things that would really benefit the education of the students.
1) Our problem is very significant and needs to be properly handled. There are many possible answers to our questions but we need to find an answer that will benefit us, leaving us with more money and smarter children. One solution that can do both, is to change standards so that you can think more creatively as well as also think more critically. Our school should bring out the creativity in students instead of only academics. It is more important for children to be well-rounded than to get 100’s in every subject, since being an all-rounder makes you more intelligent and it increases your focus in different areas. This solution is very beneficial but it may take years to go into full action. One benefit of this solution is that teachers will be able to teach more unique and fun projects instead of giving lectures. That style of teaching would also produce in more group activities, and kids would develop more socially and would be able to interact with other students. Also by being able to think more creatively, kids would become better problem solvers. Another reason why this is a great solution is because it does not always require the latest and updated technologies. These days we depend on technology too much and when there is a power outage we have no idea what to do next. Look at our classrooms. Are there hardly 20 things that may not be technologies or made by technologies? The answer to that would be mostly no. In our classrooms we have EIKIs, computers, IWB boards, posters designed on computers and made by machines, etc.. We should learn how to be better at making things without the use of technology. If we participate in more “hand-made” activities, we would be able to save a lot of money for our school to use on essential needs. Even if this solution was taken into action it would be a major change to students and they would have to learn a different technique or style of learning. That is why this would have to be done slowly, gradually changing by starting with the youngest children to the oldest children. Not only would students have to learn differently, teachers would have to teach differently. That is why we should stop using computers so much and starting using our brains even more. This solution would take years to adapt fully to, but if we put in our hardest work we can surely make this solution a success.
Schools are having a hard time keeping programs in school because of budget cuts
Teachers are trying to make closer relationships with kids
Technology is trying to be used more often to expose kids to a variety of options and activities English and math are two very important subjects that kids are having the hardest time on and those are the two most important
Kids are encouraged to participate in after-school/before-school activities and clubs so that they can interact with new kids
Children have to participate in more group activities; many kids are having a hard time speaking in front of the class
Common-core standards are changing teacher's style of teaching
Tests should be given as much time you need; to limit though, so that kids can try and do their best and so they are not taking A LOT of time finishing their test.
Schools Buildings
Classrooms Budgets
Computer Labs
School Board Meetings
Administrative Buildings
School Campuses
Purva Shenoy
Self- Reflection
Our Problem Base Learning Project was a phenomenal learning experience for me. I enjoyed researching the different parts to our topic, education, and working with my group to come up with possible solutions. It was very informative to learn about the current educational standards and requirements as well as how every little piece down to the roots of the educational system can make a difference. I think our problem/question, “How can schools provide better educations without increasing taxes or eliminating programs and clubs?”, is very critical in almost every school district and to find resolutions to this problem is very crucial. I learned a lot about our economy, political issues, and legal cases during this project. My research also educated me on why it is so important that children have an education. I have learned a lot of fascinating things about education all over the world. I am very grateful that I was able to do this project and I think it has helped me solve problems by searching for it more thoroughly and thoughtfully. This was a delightful project and I hope to be able to participate in something like this again. There were many things that I think I did well as well as a few things that I could have improved on. One thing that I I did really well was, I was open to everybody’s ideas and I respected them. I also did all of my work on time and I did my work painstakingly. Also, I showed great care while I was doing my work. I kept everything organized and I was prepared with all of my homework done completely. Another thing that I think I did really well was I contributed to the group as much as I could. I tried to help my group if one of them did not understand something or if they had a question. I worked on our Prezi diligently and completed everything on time. I think there were many things that I did well. Overall, I think we all did a great job on our project but I think there are a few things that I could have done better. One thing that I think I (and our group) could have improved on was getting my/our paragraphs done earlier. If I/we had done that, we could have started our Prezi earlier too and then we would have more time to edit our draft into our final draft. There were not a lot of things that we could have done better because our group was amazing and we helped each other when we needed to. We reminded each other of our deadlines and due dates and that way we were all organized and we had everything done on time. In conclusion, I think this was a great project. I was able to see where I can do better and where I did great. I learned a lot and I hope that the next time we do this type of project, I will have a group as good as this.
"Barack Obama on Education | Education.com." Education.com | An Education & Child Development Site for Parents | Parenting & Educational Resource. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 May 2013. <http://www.education.com/magazine/article/Barack_Obama/>.

"How Education And Training Affect The Economy." Investopedia - Educating the world about finance. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 May 2013.

KENNEDY , MARLENE. "Courthouse News Service." Courthouse News Service. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 June 2013.
<http://www.courthousenews.com/2013/04/25 "The DREAM Act | Immigration Policy Center." Immigration Policy Center. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 June 2013.

3.) The last solution we have opens up the career doors for students. If schools can reduce class sizes, the pupils' education would improve rapidly. Researchers discovered that decreasing class sizes can ameliorate academic achievement. This effect would give the school a long- lasting reputation than it already has today. The reputation will enroll more students in the school, which will earn the school more money to buy school supplies and technologies. Having a class size of no more than 18 pupils per teacher is required to produce the greatest benefits, including higher test scores and more participation. The schools could also use the money for teachers, or set aside the amount for future use. Schools wouldn't be forced to eliminate programs/clubs or increase taxes if the amount of students in a class decreased. Therefore, reducing class sizes will produce great effects that would benefit the education of students.
Technology Changing How Students Learn, Teachers Say

The problem with technology in schools

Schools use smart devices to help make kids smarter

Public school? Private school? Homeschooling? Unschooling?
intelligence- starts not just on the first day of the school but at home as well, it is how much you can learn and remember. reasoning, understanding; manifestation of a high mental capacity
budget- an expected amount of money given to a school district for a given period of time
funding- an estimate of expected income. Money from another company to sponsor something
taxes- a sum of money demanded by the government to citizens for support and services
curriculum- the course of students given in school, college, universities; the regular or a particular course of study. The outline of a way to teach
assessment testing- evaluating a child's abilities and strengths in different areas of education. Same test given to each student
classroom environment- the people; the mood in the society of a class/classroom
instructional leadership- leading/teaching people with instructions or specific directions, supporting the projects
community- the environment a child may live in; the town made up of people, can be influential to a child's behavior or studies
budget cuts- when the government cannot provide a school district with any more funding and the school has to cut out programs in order to receive money
School Staff- Teachers, Counselors, Principals, Vice Principals, Librarians
School Districts
Program Administrators
Residents of the town/city
School Board
Department of Education
Tax Payers
Class size and student achievement:
Hannah Butts
Self Reflection
Overall, I think that my group and I did extremely well on this project. We did a wonderful job of working together and helping each other. Most teachers think that putting students with their friends will result in them always fooling around and not getting the work done. However, I feel that the fact that we were all friends helped us during this project. Because we were all friends, we really wanted the best for each other and we knew what each person was good at before we started the research. Also, we forgave each other for any little mistakes and were always willing to make the problem based learning project a good and educational experience for each other. I strongly believe that this was the best group I have ever worked with, especially during such a complex project as this. We meet together our free periods constantly and tried not to let the stress of the whole project weigh down on us. As you can see, Susan, Purva, and I were a great group.
Although we were a great group, I believe there were a couple things that I would like to go back and fix. I personally do my best work at home so if I could go back in time, I would start researching and writing the aspects of the problem earlier and at home. This way, we could spend our class time comparing and sharing our work with each other. Also, I think I could have improved on my ability to stay organized. At times, we were all confused about what thing were assigned to which person. This wasted time and was very stressful. I wish we clearly understood what was going to be needed and who was going to do it and when before we started anything. This would have helped our group stay more organized.
In conclusion, this project was a great learning experience for me and my group. I am confident that we did well but there were things that we could have done much better. I hope that later in my academic experiences I’ll get to do something like this again, in order to improve and exceed my current level of thinking and writing.
This is a very current issue. Budget cuts began around 2009 and we are always inventing new technologies. Also, new programs are being organized at this very moment. Improving education is something that will always be worked on and it always has been worked on. Therefore, this issue is happening now, it started a few years ago, and will continue to be improved in the future.
This issue is happening because the economy is currently not doing so well and has not been doing very well for a few years. This lead to increased taxes and many children not receiving an education. This also lead to budget cuts which means that schools began to cut programs and clubs. We are trying to solve this issue because it is important and it would help improve the economy and America as a whole

Susan Jeon
Self Reflection
I think my group did a phenomenal job on this project. We remained on task every moment we worked together and were willing to help each other in any way possible. My team members work extremely hard on the Problem- Based Learning Project, and the result was magnificent. I have never met such hard- working, humorous, and concentrated people throughout the school year. Teachers thought we would fool around and had little faith in us, but my group was overwhelmed in our work. We met in our free periods to discuss our progress, what our next set of work would be, and how much time we had to complete it in. We attempted not to stress about how close the due date for the project was due. This was an extremely complex project, and I would have never completed it so successfully without Purva and Hannah's assistance.
Although we were a great group, I wanted to change some events that occurred while working on the project. If I could go back and start working on the project again, I would begin my research and writing in advance. This would give my group more time to correct any mistakes we had made while writing our aspects. We could mainly use the time to become more arranged. My group wasted time attempting to organize our belongings and assigning our aspects. I certainly wish that we could have began the project by explaining our interests and specialties, which would help determine our aspects. From then on, everything would have been more clear and understandable. The effects of this project would have been successful if I didn't have a late beginning on this project. Therefore, being organized would be an imperative strategy for this complex project.
Despite of all the problems I have stumbled over, this project was a great learning experience for me. I am certain that my group will receive an amazing grade for our hard work. Later in my academic experiences, I hope to complete a similar project to this again in order to ameliorate and surpass my contemporary level of literature and comprehension.
Legal Continued
The Barber family supposedly took that action because the Rush-Henrietta Central School District had not agreed to the letter the Barber parents wrote to the school saying that they did not want their child taking the test. "That school district may be disciplined for "insubordination" while students in a neighboring district can sit out "without fear of reprisal"...But not only did the school punish him for being "insubordinate, it
Legal Continued

called the sheriff's office to send officers to a ball field to be sure he did not play baseball while the school was punishing him, the parents say in the complaint." said the article (Courthouse News Service). There aren't usually legal cases against schools but when there are, they can be taken for some very political reasons.
Concept Map
Stakeholders List
Enger, John . "2 School Districts Face Different Fortunes With Budgets." The Daily Gazette [Clifton Park] 14 May 2013: B2. Print.
Porter, Eduaro . "Studies Highlight Benefits of Early Education - NYTimes.com." The New York Times - Breaking News, World News & Multimedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 May 2013. <http://www.nytimes.com/2013/04/03/business/studies-highlight-benefits-of-early-education.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0>.
ot only does education affect society, but society effects education. The beliefs and customs of the society are likely to rub off on the way that schools teach in that area. Also, social classes determine the quality of education at a location. Education is a link between children and society. Children grow up at their houses and then go to school and meet other kids in their community. As you can see, there are many ways that society affects education.
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