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Kelsie Sam

on 5 May 2010

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Transcript of Mali

Mali Mali flag Geography Most of Mali, in West Africa, lies in the Sahara. A landlocked country four-fifths the size of Alaska, it is bordered by Guinea, Senegal, Mauritania, Algeria, Niger, Burkina Faso, and the Côte d'Ivoire. The only fertile area is in the south, where the Niger and Senegal rivers provide water for irrigation.

Economy Mali is among the poorest countries in the world with most of its land area desert or semidesert. Economic activity is largely confined to the riverine area irrigated by the Niger. About 10% of the population is nomadic and most people farm and fish. Industrial activity is concentrated on agriculture. Mali is heavily dependant on foreign aid and vunlrable to fluctuations in world prizes for cotton its main export. Mali's adherence to economic reform and the 50% devaluation of the African france in January 1994 has pushed up economic growth. History Caravan routes have passed through mali since A.D 300. The malinke empire ruled regions of Mali from the 12th century, and the songhai empire reigned over the Timbuktu-Gao region in the 15th century. morocco conquered Timbuktu in 1951 and ruled it over for two centuries. Subjugated by France by the end of the 19th century, the land became a colony in 1904 and in 1946 became a part of the French Union. On June 20, 1960, it became idependant and, under the name of Sudanese republic, was joined with the republic of Senegal in the Mali federation. Transportation Mali has only one railroad, including 729 kilometers in Mali, which runs from the port of Koulikoro via Bamako to the border with Senegal and continues on to Dakar.

Because rate of automobile ownership is low, and formal government run public transit is sparse, informal buses and taxis abound in Malian urban centers.

Mali has no seaports because it is landlocked, but Koulikoro on the Niger River near Bamako, serves as a principal river port.
Mali railway Historical sites The Great Mosque of Djenné is the largest mud brick building in the world, it is located in the city, Dejenne. Climate Hot and dry February to June; rainy, humid, and mild June to November; cool and dry November to February. Traditional Food! Tigedigena(chicken and peanut sauce served with rice). A rice dish with meat and vegetables Riz au Gras
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