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Untitled Prezi

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Sophie Bruza

on 4 December 2013

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Native American
Theme: Assimilation struggles between white and Native American cultures
“Each family faced a greater challenge in balancing Hopi way of life with the Western, urban lifestyle brought to and evident on the reservation – fast paced, adhering to timelines and schedules, and incorporating wage work and professional development courses into evenings; activities that disrupt family life” (Sheilah 134).
“Yet in 1933, a 19-year-old college student, Edward Hall, discovered what he describes as "a country within a country ... a place where time had almost stood still ... the least known, least visited, and least understood part of the United States" ("Memoir of Indian Life").
Hopi Indian tribe were seen as savages by whites. Hopi snake dance accentuates cultural and traditional differences and lack of assimilation between whites and Native Americans
"As Mary Weston had stated in Native Americans in the News, the assimilationist view is that 'the solution to the Indian ‘problem’ was to make them ‘civilized’ like whites, ignoring the positive aspects of Indian cultures'” (p. 33).
“It was hoped that by destroying tribal cultures and nations’ ties to their traditional lands, native identities would disappear and the individuals would be assimilated into the American melting pot” (p. 621).
"With an insatiable land-hunger and with a boundless faith in their own ability to master the situation, the people of the Untied States invaded the Southwest, acquired some thousands of fierce and warlike Apaches, who must be conquered, restrained, and taught a new mode of life ere the new possession could offer adequate protection to its inhabitants" (Bertha).
"Soldiers of the regular army were the cutting edge and holding power of white government and civilization in the frontier West" (Nichols).
The Apache Warriors (tribe) were overpowered by the American military that they ended up defeated and transported to reservations. The military belittled the warriors, completely degrading their culture and beliefs.
“We got to where we just tolerate each other, because we’re here and we’re not going to go anywhere and they might as well. Now we’re going to be here, so why not just try to work with each other,” he says. “But it always depends on the economy, like everybody else. If it’s good, then things are good, but if not, then some of the smaller groups, smaller programs, will be first to be cut or eliminated" (Shore).
"American Indian educators have also been particularly frustrated over the notion that reservation life is one that is largely devoid of higher education opportunities, when in fact there are more than 30 tribal colleges nationally, the vast majority of which offer two-year degrees"(Boulard 4).
Native Americans on reservations live in extreme poverty with a very high unemployment rate. They have trouble assimilating into society, which leads to gang violence and alchohol/substance abuse. Education on reservation systems is very poor and casinos and tourism are the main sources of economy.
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That the Hopi Indians are the most primitive people and their almost inaccessible homes the most primitive to be found in the United States is conceded by all travelers. The snake dance, which takes place in August, is a pagan ceremony giving thanks for rain and bounteous harvests. The venomous snakes, even rattlers, are in no way treated to make them harmless. The Indians have an antidote for snake poison which no white man may know. The dancers are often bitten by rattle snakes without fatal results
This postcard represents the assimilation struggles that went on between the Whites and Native Americans. While the whites were pushing policies onto the Native American lifestyle, the Native Americans fought to keep their traditions alive. The Whites were relentlessly determined to “civilize” the Native Americans, whether it be altering the way they dressed, or forcing them to drop their rituals and traditions.
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