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8. Geography of Siberia
Transcript of 8. Geography of Siberia
Ural Mountains Effects on Climate
Trans-Siberian Railroad Affect
Due to its location near the Arctic circle, plus winds from the North
Why does Siberia freeze?
Russia and Siberia Physical Geography
Western side gets warm continental winds, while Eastern side is much colder
Barrier between the East and the West
Allows travel and trade through the cold Siberian climate (population grows, cities emerge)
Predict: What geographic reasons factor the difference population density?
Landforms & Rivers
Russia is the world's largest country in area. (Covers 9 time zones)
The Ural Mountains divide the region between west (Europe) and east (Asia)
The Volga River is the most important shipping channel and supplies water for hydroelectricity
Lake Baikal - deepest lake in the world (1/5th of the worlds fresh water)
Same latitude as Canada and Alaska
Climates = Humid Continental, Subarctic, and Tundra
East of the Urals - Coldest region known as Siberia (Permafrost) (-40 C)
Ships require the use of icebreakers to trade through the Arctic Ocean
The Taiga - Evergreen trees covers half of Russia (Used for wood/logging)
Permafrost - Permanently frozen soil
Climates and Vegetation
Natural Resources of Russia
Taiga for wood ("I love the Boreal Forest")
Eastern Siberia, Rich in Gold/Diamonds
Coal, Hydroelectricity, Natural Gas, and Oil
Region is also rich in metals, such as copper, iron ore, nickel, and platinum
Yakutsk, the capital, is the world's biggest city built on top of continuous permafrost. Most houses are mounted on concrete piles to keep from sinking.