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Foreign Policy & National Interest: Crisis in the Philippines - Leanne Milburn, Deanna Hai & Logan Tomlinson

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Transcript of Foreign Policy & National Interest: Crisis in the Philippines - Leanne Milburn, Deanna Hai & Logan Tomlinson

Statistics about the Philippines:
Population of the Philippines:
96.71 million, the twelfth most populated country of 2013.
Population of the Philippines:
96.71 million, the twelfth most populated country of 2013.
Urban Population:
49% of population
HDI:
Ranking 114, non-income HDI value 0.724, inequality-adjusted HDI value 0.524
GNI:
$2 470 in US dollars per capita
% Population below poverty line:
26.5%
Structure of GDP:
Agriculture:
12.4%
Industry:
31.3%
Services:
56.4%
GII:
Value 0.418
Life Expectancy at Birth:
69 years
Mortality rate under 5 years:
25 per 1000 births
Adult Literacy Rate:
Total:
95.42%
Men:
95.01%
Women:
95.83%
Currently, the primary education is compulsory and is six years in duration, divided into a four-year primary cycle and a two-year intermediate cycle. Children generally begin first grade at six or seven years of age.
Improving the Education System:
Statistics on Filipinos in Canada
Canadians of Filipino origin make up one of the largest non-European ethnic groups in Canada. The Asian country is our top source of recent immigrants. In the past five years, around 152,000 newcomers were born in the Philippines, 13% of all recent immigrants, according to Statistics Canada. Between the years of 2001 and 2006 the Filipino community in Canada grew from 308,575 to 410,695 or a growth of about 33% and it is continuing to grow every year.
Canada's National Interest
Because of the large numbers of Filipino immigrants every year, it is in the national interest of Canada to support the education system of the Philippines. A well educated immigrant population will be better suited to filling jobs in demand- effectively improving our national economy.
Action to Support Education
Canada can assist the redevelopment of the Philippine's education system by encouraging the Government of Philippines to place emphasis upon implementation of the Enhanced Basic Education Act of 2013, which is focused on expanding mandatory schooling to one year of pre-school, six years of elementary and another six of secondary.
The Act calls for local development and production of learning materials, so financial aid must be provided to support these interests. In addition, aid should be given to DepEd, CHED and TESDA who provide training and professional development to teachers.
Foreign Policy & National Interest: Crisis in the Philippines
The Current Crisis:
Residents of the hard-hit city of Tacloban described a terrifying experience Friday evening as Typhoon Haiyan hit, with seawater suddenly filling the streets, rising within minutes until it had submerged the ground floors of homes and was waist-deep on the second floors of those that had second floors.

In the worst hit coastal city of Tacloban, It is reported that approximately 2,275 deaths, 2,487 injured and 82 people missing. More than 580,000 people had been displaced and eye witnesses say hardly a single house remains standing.
Leanne Milburn, Deanna Hai & Logan Tomlinson
With millions of people living in the path of the typhoon, many now need immediate assistance with drinking water, food, emergency shelters, and medicines. This is contributing to a breakdown in law and order as some desperate people loot shops for food and water. There are unconfirmed reports of people destroying bank teller machines, looting, robbing relief supplies and prison breaks, adding to the trauma of survivors.
A second round of deaths may be imminent, given limited food and water, along with pools of standing, possibly polluted water amid a breakdown in ordinary sanitation. Relief agencies are worried about outbreaks of disease and infections in the storm's wake.

"We worry about more deaths because of infection."
Objective:
Medical supplies are also scarce. The few hospitals left standing have had to turn people away because they are overwhelmed with the injured. Many people desperate for medical attention have made their way to the airport, where the military is trying to administer medical care.
Sending medical personnel, well educated
and experienced medical staff, and immediate medical supplies to prevent the onset of the spread of diseases. Vaccinations will be given to all those who were affected by the typhoon. Fortunately, the Philippines does have a medical infrastructure already, we will reinforce and help what is there.
Addressing Urgent Needs:
Sending the Disaster Assistance Response Team (DART) personnel and Water Purification Units to the Philippines will address the needs of food and potable drinking water. Currently, The UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) is working with the Philippine government to establish safe cluster zones for those displaced in the typhoon-affected areas; they're distributing tents and housing essentials, including clothing, blankets and solar powered lanterns.
Vaccinations and Medical Aid/Assistance
Clearing of Roadways
Currently, the damaged roads, bridges and uncleared debris are hampering humanitarian access, especially to remote areas.

Our focus on the retrieval of bodies, cleaning up the debris and clearing of roads will increase the efficiency and acceleration of relief distribution to secluded areas. This will pave the way for accelerated delivery of food, water and other necessities to typhoon Haiyan survivors.
Rebuilding Infrastructure
"Haiyan's devastation, however, underlines the pressing need to spend more money to build hard assets such as more roads, ports and power lines- not only to improve living standards but also to better withstand the storms, earthquakes and other natural disasters that strike the country with numbing regularity." -The Associated Press

With an average of 20 tropical cyclones hitting the Philippines each year, it is important to build structures that can withstand depressions, storms, and typhoons as well as earthquakes.
What to do in the long run?
(Long-term needs)
Agriculture
Objective:
to improve and expand the education system
in the Philippines after the short term needs are already met. This would increase the percentage of enrollment into schools. A better education will affect everyone in a positive way for it will create more job opportunities and they will strive for a prosperous future in their own homeland.
Over one million farmers in the Philippines have been impacted by Typhoon Haiyan. The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) says that thousands of hectares of rice have been destroyed. Fishing communities have been affected with the storm destroying boats and gear, and coconut plantations, which are a big earner of foreign currency, were said to be completely flattened. Damage to crops is likely to push up food prices over the coming months

Farmers are also facing into the next planting season with much of their infrastructure, such as irrigation equipment, affected by the typhoon. This will set them back on their goal of self sufficiency but more key is that those livelihoods will be pushed way back until they restore the irrigation infrastructure that has been severely damaged.

A great portion of wreckage could be reduced if brick and mortar housing replaced the traditional wood and tin-roof homes. However, Filipinos cannot afford to buy even low-cost storm-proof housing materials.
The Philippine's government should subsidize these materials, but because of the corruption scandals, use of government money is questionable.
A six-month plan should be proposed where the Government of Canada will subsidize housing for Filipinos.
The Typhoon destroyed many coconut plantations such as this one.
Internationalism
There is a wide-held belief in Canada that it is important to support the development of other countries, especially because many Canadians are immigrants and may still have family living outside of Canada. In fact 76.4% of the population are in support of foreign aid. However it is also important to remember that other countries will become the most prosperous if they can develop and determine their own affairs. Canada should accept the responsibility of providing aid, but not to the extent where we inhibit the national interests of Canada or the Philippines.
The region that was impacted by the typhoon accounts for 18% of GDP and is more agricultural.

In the long run, GDP growth should recover significantly with the reconstruction efforts, however the Canadian government can assist agricultural workers by sending volunteers to aid in the clearing and restoration of agricultural lands. In addition providing essential supplies such as seeds, fertilizer and irrigation equipment to farmers and boats and fishing gear to fishermen will allow them to take a sustainable stance that will benefit them in the future.

References
The Current Crisis:
"Typhoon Haiyan: Philippines declares state of calamity." BBC News. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Nov. 2013. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-24901993>
"Typhoon Haiyan: Ships head to Philippines amid devastation." BBC News N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Nov. 2013. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-24895620>
Statistics About the Philippines:
Philippines Economy Profile 2013." Retrieved November 17, 2013, from http://www.indexmundi.com/philippines/economy_profile.html
"Urban population (% of total)." Data. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Nov. 2013. <http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.UR
"At a glance: Philippines." UNICEF. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Nov. 2013. <http://www.unicef.org/infobycountry/philippines
Urgent Needs:
"Typhoon-ravaged Philippines distributes rice, water" CBCNews. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Nov. 2013. <http://www.cbc.ca/news/world/typhoon-hit-philippines-struggles-with-hunger-violence-1.2424744>
Vaccination and Medical Aid/ Assistance:
"Typhoon creates health crisis in the Philippines." CNN. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Nov. 2013. <http://www.cnn.com/2013/11/11/health/typhoon-medical-crisis/>
Improving Educaton:
Regional News. (n.d.). WENR, January 2009: Practical Information. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Nov. 2013. <http://www.wes.org/ewenr/09jan/practical.htm>
Statistics on Filipinos in Canada:
Common menu bar links. (n.d.). The Filipino Community in Canada. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Nov. 2013. <http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/89-621-x/89-621-x2007005-eng.htm>
Rebuilding Infrastructure:
"DIVIDED OVER INTERNATIONALISM :." CPDS. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Nov. 2013. <http://www.criteres.umontreal.ca/pdf/cahiercpds03-02.pdf>.
"Member Report." ESCAP/WMO Typhoon Committee. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Nov. 2013. <http://www.typhooncommittee.org/41st/docs
"Typhoon highlights weak Philippine infrastructure." LasVegasSun.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Nov. 2013. <http://www.lasvegassun.com/news/2013/nov/17/as-philippines-typhoon-economy/>.
"Why wasn't the Philippines better prepared for the typhoon? Corruption, shoddy buildings to blame." NBC News. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Nov. 2013. <http://worldnews.nbcnews.com/_news/2013/11/16/21477014-why-wasnt-the-philippines-better-prepared-for-the-typhoon-corruption-shoddy-buildings-to-blame>.

National Motives
Canada prides itself on being a place of security and equality for all nationalities. Displaying humanitarianism towards other countries upholds this reputation and encourages people to come to Canada. These immigrants serve to benefit our economy. Supporting countries in need of aid also instigates peace as it builds international relationships between countries.
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