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The Rwandan Genocide of 1944
Transcript of The Rwandan Genocide of 1944
11. quakerfront.com 3. On April 6, 1944 a Hutu extremist had assinated the Rwanda president out of his plane. after the incident the Hutus had blamed this assination on the Tutsis. This had started the slaughter, also known as the Hutus 'Final Solution'. 4. Before the Belgins, the Hutus and the Tutsis had lived peacefully in rwanda, working together. The Tutsis had owned the land that grew the crops, and the hutus were the ones that worked on them. 5. 2. Tutsis were high-class citizens, and the Hutus were the peasants. They also gave them identification cards- Hutu or Tutsi. "During this time the Europeans introduced modern weapons, and taught them methods of waging war (ppu.org)". "They had also brought missionaries from the countries, which had taught the Hutus to see themselves as oppressed, which had inspired them to revolution (ppu.org)." Interahamwe- those who fight together. Genocide: a systematic killing of a racial or cultural group. 6. 7. Tutsis survivors who had managed to escape a refugee camps. There are many lasting effects on the world, especially the Rwandan society. There are many orphans, because their parents were dead or fled to Zaire (if a Hutu). Thousands were in poverty, they could not afford food, medications or for there children to go to school. Many girls and women were raped if not killed. This had increased the spread of aides. Many were traumatized from the torture and watching others being killed. After the assassination of the Rwandan President, Hutu Extremists a.k.a The Interahamwe did everything they could to kill all the Tutsis. First, they set up roadblocks to stop Tutsis from fleeing. Since they had identification cards, they could tell who was a Hutu and who was aTutsi; all who were Tutsi were killed. Later the Hutu got full control of the government. "Since the government had the names and addresses of nearly all Tutsis living in Rwanda the killers could go door to door, slaughtering the Tutsis (History1900s)." Machetes or clubs were used to kill the Tutsis. Bullets were too expensive to buy. "Some Tutsis had the choice to buy bullets to make the death fast and easy (ppu.org.)" On April 6, 1944, an extremist had assassinated the Rwandan president out of his plane. After the incident, the Hutus had blamed the assassination on the Tutsis. This had started the slaughter, also known as the Hutus 'Final Solution'. A few bodies fetched from Lake Victoria Before The Conflict What lead into the Conflict What was the Conflict
Lasting Effects on Society and the World The Tutsis hid in hospitals, schools and churches. These places were safe until the Hutus started putting the Tutsis dead bodies in these buildings. So they found their hiding spots, these places had soon become the places of mass murder. "When the Belgian colonists came in 1916, they decided the Tutsi were more clever, more beautiful, taller and stronger than the Hutu. This gave them the idea of policies in Rwanda that turned these two groups into races and divided the country between them (The Walrus)." Hatred also increased from the Tutsis having more wealth than the Hutus. They showed their wealth by the amount of cattle they had. Since the Tutsis were the landowners they had all the cattle. Hutus, the land workers, had very little or no cattle. Effect of Society, Culture, and people The effects on society, culture and people:
Hutu families taught their kids to hate the Tutsis, even how to kill them. The Hutus were stealing the Tutsi's livestock, burning their houses down and killing them. "Tutsis were excluded from secondary schools and the university (ppu.org)." Many inter-tribal marriages were broken up, because the Hutu spouse would leave the Tutsi. If they stayed in the marriage and helped the Tutsi spouse get away, they would be killed. The Rwandan Genocide of 1944 They went to church together, worked together and were friends. The RPF first attempt to try to take control of the government from the Hutus, had failed. In the same year but in mid-July, they did succeeded in taking over the government. This drove the Hutu army and government out of the country to Zaire (about 2 million Hutus). United Nations had arrived to aid the country. The U.S. sent over troops to go to villages and save whoever and whatever they could. Zaire- Now known as Congo Works Cited
Moore, Jina. "No Small Mercy." The Walrus. The Walrus Foundation, 2011. Web. 2 Feb 2011. <http://www.walrusmagazine.ca/articles/2009.05-no-small-mercy-jina-moore-rwanda-genocide/1/2>.
"Rwanda." Blogger.com. Blogger.com, 18 Feb 2007. Web. 30 Jan 2011. <http://effectsofthegenocide.blogspot.com/>.
"Rwanda Genocide." About.com. About.com, 2011. Web. 20 Jan 2011. <http://history1900s.about.com/od/rwandangenocide/Rwanda_Genocide.htm>.
"Talking About Genocide- Genocides." Peace Pledge Union Information. Peace Pledge Union, n.d. Web. 18 Jan 2011. <http://www.ppu.org.uk/genocide/g_rwanda.html>. Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) The bloody 76-day conflict between the Hutus and Tutsis, the inescapable problem that will never be resolved. Hutus Tutsis During The Genocide 10.
Refugee Camp 9. How The War Ended By Alexa Cerrato The plane crash of the president. & “For them, the genocide is not just a historical event, but an inescapable part of daily life today and tomorrow (UNICEF Executive Director Carol Bellamy)." 11. Hutu and Tutsi kids Hutu and Tutsi traditional dance Rwandan Flag Rwandan Hospital