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Feminism

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Hannah Jackson

on 19 May 2015

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Transcript of Feminism

Dress Code
Slut shaming, the act of trying to humiliate or shame a person about their sexual activity, has recently begun to fall into the same category as dress code. While dress code is a way of imposing modesty, many people hold the opinion that it gives free reign to sexualize parts of the (female) body, such as knees, shoulders, ankles, thighs, collarbones, necks, as well as articles of clothing, for example, bras and shorts. Dress code is often very biased in terms of gender. Men are often allowed to wear clothing depicting scantily-clad women, while a woman in a short skirt or tight shirt face the majority of the repercussions.
Many schools enforce the “boys will be boys” motto, justifying the impulse to tell female students to cover their bodies, in order not to sacrifice the education of the boys. In reality, the concern over a girl’s clothing usually takes priority to her education.


Feminism
International Issues
International feminism is a major component of feminism as many of these women are treated as second-class citizens or worse and face brutality and violence in their daily lives.
Inequality in the Workforce
Women's inequality in the workforce has been an ongoing struggle found all around the world. Feminist movements have allowed the percentage of the wage gap to slowly decrease
What is FEMINISM?
Feminism is the advocacy of social, political, and economic equality of the sexes.
Why is FEMINISM controversial?
Feminism is ofter misconstrued as man hating, which is misandry. Many people often believe that feminism is responsible for the death of traditional family values and gender roles in society.
Brutality
Women in several societies around the world are often subjected to cruel and unusual punishments for minor things, such as acid attacks and honor killings.

Human Trafficking
Human trafficking is an act in which human beings (particularly young girls and women) are kidnapped, forced into slavery, and are forced to perform sexual acts. This act is particularly harmful to these individuals as they are not treated terribly and exposed to inhumane conditions.
Despite the fact that women have made great strides in the past century, we still have a lot of work to do. Women still make less money, are often treated as second class citizens. Women are subjected to standards created by the media, and violent crimes.

Although some may believe that feminism is no longer needed in modern-day society, it is evident that women still are not treated as equals to their male counterparts.

By Bella Aguilar, Myiah Ghany, Hannah Jackson, Emily Kimes, Carlin Praytor, Nikki Sami
why do we need FEMINISM?
Wage Gap
The wage gap between women and men ranges widely from 3 to 51 percent. This gap is solely divided by different races within the world. Not only is the wage gap determined by race, but by what part of the world a women lives in. Our wage gap in America is also affected by disabilities which has put a spotlight on our nation.




Objectification
One of the biggest issues of this decade is sexual objectification of women. Sexual harassment, catcalling, dress code, slut shaming, and sexualization of women versus men are prevalent issues at the very root of American feminism.
Media
In America the average women's pay is significantly lower than the average man's. Women earn 78 cents for every dollar that a man earns.
Catcalling
Catcalling, the act of calling out or commenting to a woman (a stranger) in a sexual nature, has grown to become a daily issue for women. Catcalling is unwarranted, degrading, and often triggering and terrifying to the women subjected to it.
In a 2014 study on street harassment, 99% of subjects said they had been verbally harassed at least a few times. 95% claimed to have been honked at, and 94% alleged whistling. 87% said they were subjected to sexist comments, 82% said a stranger made vulgar gestures at them. 77% have been followed by a stranger, 62% have been purposefully blocked, 57% have been grabbed, and a staggering 27% have been assaulted by a stranger.
Bias in Hiring/Termination
The unemployment rate has decreased, though not all women have been able to work full time. Only one out of five women have the ability of working full time jobs.
The unemployment rate has decreased, though not all women have been able to work full time. Only one out of five women have the ability of working full time jobs.
Ellen Pao
Rape Culture
Rape culture is a term used
to describe the normalization
of rape and sexual assault in society.
Ellen Pao, a CEO at Reddit, recently lost a lawsuit in which she was discriminated for being a woman. As a CEO of her company she wanted to promote gender equality by eliminating salary negotiations.

"Multiple studies support Pao’s claim that women are less likely than men to successfully negotiate higher salaries and advancement in their careers." CBS local reports.
Acid Attacks
Acid attacks are forms of assault in which acid or some other corrosive substance is thrown at a victim, thus disfiguring or even killing them.
These forms of assault are often used as punishment for rejecting a marriage or marriage proposal, settlement over and disputes, or even simply for going to school.
Comparing Sexualization of Men and Women
Honor Killings
Honor killings are attacks used as punishment for violating codes of morality or behavior. These types of attacks are most common in the Middle East and Asia, but have also been occurring in North America.
Child Marriage and Forced Marriage
The sexualization of women is becoming a massive problem in the United States, as the age at which it begins is growing steadily younger. This is due in part to the media. Television shows like TLC’s Toddlers and Tiaras depicts little girls displayed practically as a grown woman, often much to the despair of the child.
The sexualization of women’s body parts has also skyrocketed recently. Body parts (particularly legs) are fetishized.
The sexualization of youth has lead to alarming rates of insecurity, body dysmorphia, eating disorders, and other mental health issues in our society.
Men are not sexualized to anywhere near a similar extent as their female counterparts. Male sexualizaion and objectification is often a marketing ploy. It often evokes a humorous response to see a man in a typically female position or pose.
Although men and women share the majority of their anatomy, some female body parts are sexualized, while the exact same body part is accepted on a man. Primary examples of these are legs, shoulders, and nipples. Although they are exactly the same on both genders, the surrounding breast tissue has deemed the female nipple obscene, offensive, and sexualized.
Child Marriage
Child marriage is a traditional practice (occurring particularly in Southern Asia) in which young girls are promised to marry men usually significantly older than them.
Traditionally, this practice, while inhumane, has been carried out through generations as straying from tradition can lead to exclusion from the community.
In these societies, girls are seen as burdens rather than human beings, and are married off to no longer be their parents' responsibilities. Child marriages are also allow families to reduce expenses since they will have one less mouth to feed and provide for. In some communities where a dowry is required, the dowry is significantly less if the bride is younger and uneducated.
Forced Marriage
Forced marriage differs form arranged marriage in which neither the bride or groom wishes to get married, however are forced by their families. Forced marriages are usually enforced by psychological pressure and physical attacks from their families.
Women in Careers
Education

Women have began to dominate certain careers that are seen and known to be “men's work.” There are certain occupations that society believes to be absurd for a women to take on as a career. Many women are somewhat discouraged and fearful to take on this difficult careers due to such things as beauty standards; because they don’t want to be seen as anything less than a women, they leave such jobs for men to do. Women have been pursuing many careers in sports, engineering, and construction.

Girls and women in many societies worldwide have limited access to education, or are forbidden from being educated completely. This ultimately leads to 30% of all girls worldwide being enrolled in secondary school. In many countries, only one out of three women will go on to further their education in college. Women are intentionally kept uneducated in developing countries in order to reinforce the false gender stereotype that women are caretakers and nothing more.
The media projects unrealistic images of how women are supposed to look. This can lead to dangerous habits and unhealthy expectations.
Beauty Standards
The media has always displayed the “correct” way for women to look in order to be
perceived as beautiful.
Beauty standards can dangerously eat away at one’s self esteem.
More often than not, the images projected are artificial. We too often forget that even the girl in the magazine doesn’t look like the girl in the magazine.

Examples:
Hair product ads tell us that our natural hair color isn't pretty enough, that curly hair is unattractive, etc.
Tanning products tell us that being pale is wrong.
Ads for razors often tell us that it is unladylike to have body hair.
Diet ads tell us that being overweight is repulsive.

Influence on Adolescence
The media is appealing to girls of increasingly younger ages.
Young girls are feeling the pressure to wear makeup, dress a certain way, etc. in order to fit the image that the media projects.
Media influences, such as the suicides of celebrities, has caused young girls to follow their paths (www.psychologytoday.com)
Some television shows portray weak, ditsy female characters, such as Cat in Victorious/Sam and Cat, causing young viewers to believe that this is how to act in order to be seen as attractive.
Forced Abortions
Victim Blaming
Forced abortion is when a fetus is aborted without the consent of the mother. The woman is either forced, threatened, or coerced into losing her baby. This is practiced in many developing countries. It is especially frequent in China, where each family is only allowed to have one child, due to overpopulation.
In Gong Qifeng's case, she recollects her horrific experience as her head and limbs were pinned down and a doctor injected labor inducing drugs into her stomach. Qifeng spent 35 hours in agony delivering her stillborn child.
Sometimes this procedure is performed simply because the sex of the child is female. Since each couple is only allowed one child, and boys are seen as more capable/valuable in that society, they will go as far as to murder or abandon the already born baby in order to try again for a boy.
Products / Manufacturing
Victim blaming occurs when the victim of a crime is blamed, or held accountable, for the actions of his or her perpetrator.

This is widely experienced in cases of rape, especially when victims are said to have been "asking for it".

Women are often blamed for their rape because of the way they were dressed, their alcohol or drug consumption, or their relationship with their rapist.
Companies such as Burger King, beer companies, and even M&M's, often use women as props in their commercials based on the notion that sex sells.




Toys are always categorized into "boy toys" and "girl toys." Boy toys, such as Legos, teach boys that they can be engineers, while girl toys, like Barbies, teach girls that they can be pretty.
The societal blame projected onto the victims of rape leads to shame
and, in an average 61% of rape cases, the withholding of information or reporting on such crimes to the police.

This number rises to 75% of cases when the rapist
is a current or former boyfriend or husband

Misconceptions
Feminism is often misunderstood and seen as synonymous with man-hating, when in reality, feminism is about equality for both genders.

When asked by Time Magazine if she's a feminist, actress Shailene Woodley stated, "No because I love men, and I think the idea of ‘raise women to power, take the men away from the power’ is never going to work out because you need balance."

College
One in four women who attended or are attending
college report having survived rape or attempted rape.

72%-81% of rape on female college students occurs while the woman is intoxicated, which is often dismissed despite the unarguable damages physical and mental damages of rape regardless of intoxication.

Only 11% of college women report these crimes to the proper authorities, and the majority of colleges are not properly equipped to handle the treatment or prevention of rape.














"Emma Sulkowicz says she was raped in her own dorm bed by a classmate on the first day of her sophomore year of college. Since then, a substantial
amount of her time at Columbia University has been spent
trying to convince college administrators, police,
and even friends that what happened to
her really happened, that it was rape,
and that her rapist deserves to
be punished for what he did."
(NYMAG.COM)

Consent and
Defining Rape
The definition of rape is often skewed.

Rape is often excused or dismissed by prosecutors when the rapist is close to the victim. However, approximately 60% of rape occurs in a private home.












Consent is often highly debated in cases of rape. Many rapists justify their actions by claiming that their victim was “asking for it” by drinking or dressing/acting provocatively.

There are many debates involved in the validity of rape claims, the guidelines of consent and the motivations of rape.

Rape is a violent act that can be committed, at any
given time or place, by any given person.

why do we need FEMINISM?
While we have listed only a fraction of the problems women face today, it is quite clear that feminism is a tool we use to build a brighter future for women across the globe. It is not an instrument of destruction, but a unifying, powerful symbol of equality.

A video, produced by Hollaback, portrays catcalling faced by women daily.
Full transcript