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The Last of the Mohicans

Analysis, Culture, Literature, Native americans

Daniel Pérez

on 29 March 2011

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Transcript of The Last of the Mohicans

James Fenimore Cooper Uncas Chingachgook Cora Duncan Heyward Magua Hawk Eye (Nathaniel) Groups The six nations Seneca Onondaga Mohawk Oneida Cayuga Tuscarora Around 90 different
groups were scatered
all over the North-American
territory before the Europeans
arrived. Regions North-West South-West Plains North-East Sioux
Ute Cheyenne
Obage Hopi
Apache Pueblo Mohawk
Delaware Cherokee Seminole
Creek Hupa
The six tribes united
to stop their quarrels becoming a powerful group that joined the British against the French Their vision of world
was influenced by the
environment where they lived Cosmology Nature was the most
important pillar in their lives Traditional Tlingit believe that people and animals are relatives who can cross into each others' worlds. Animals have the ability to appear before people in human form and to interact with them in meaningful ways To the Iroquois people, corn, beans, and squash are the Three Sisters, the physical and spiritual sustainers of life. The three vegetables composed the main food supply of the Iroquois. These life-supporting plants were given to the people when all three miraculously sprouted from the body of Sky Woman's daughter, granting the gift of agriculture to the Iroquois. On the Plains the landscape is vast and the sky looms large. Plains people have looked to the geographic features of the Earth and to the stars in the sky above for finding the way and making decisions.
All humans would be directionless on Earth without celestial aid from the observable sky, without the sun and the other stars to help us locate ourselves in space and time According to Hopi origin stories, corn was a gift from Maasawu, the Earth deity, as he greeted people on their emergence into this world.

White, British parents, raised as Mohican Arrogant, proud of being part of british army Eager to help the british Falls in love with Cora, pushing interracial boundaries Old, sage Vengeful, violent, evil: the villain. His feelings of revenge are calmed down by Cora Romantic Hero, too british (formal, the gentleman, educated) Honest, corageous; however, a bit naïve Morally protective of Munro's daughters Racially mixed female Outspoken Films Comics TV shows Native Americans have been portrayed
in different ways The noble savage The warrior The shaman Sport teams Advertising No other 'minority' faces anything remotely like this North American culture and media broadcast literally millions of examples of anti-Indian words and images every day The vanishing indian This is the way how culture
supports colonialism By perceiving the natives as always close to extinction, settlers can feel secure in their knowledge that this really was an "empty continent," thus justifying their presence on it Glorify the dream (noble savage)
Denigrate the alleged reality (savage Indian) Military EUROPE AND INDIANS The relationship between native tribes in America and the Europe, is mainly related to wars INDIAN WARS.This is the name used in the United States to describe a series of conflicts between White settlers or the federal government and the native peoples of North America The wars were the result of the arrival of European colonizers who continuously expanded their territory pushing the indigenous populations westwards The wars were spurred by ideologies such as Manifest Destiny, that held that the United States was destined to expand from coast to coast on the American continent, and which resulted in the policy of Indian removal by which Indigenous peoples were removed from the areas where Europeans were settling forcefully or by means of voluntary exchange of territory through treaties There were lots of wars in which native tribes were involved: •Chickamauga Wars
•Northwest Indian War
•Tecumseh, the Creek War… The one in which the story of the book is situated is the French and Indian War It was a war between Great Britain and France in North America from 1754 to 1763 The name refers to the two main enemies of the British colonists: the royal French forces and the various Native American forces allied with them. Indian allies, participated attacking the British, killing and capturing several hundred men, women, children, and slaves Historical novel First published in February 1826 THE LAST OF THE MOHICANS
A Narrative of 1757 It is the second book of the Leatherstocking Tales pentalogy and the best known This conflict, which lasted from 1756–1763, involved all of the major European powers of the period, and has been described as the "first World War" It resulted in some 900,000 to 1,400,000 deaths and significant changes in the balance of power and territories of several of the participants The North American theater of this conflict occurred between British settlers and colonial forces, and royal French forces together with the various Native American forces allied with them. The war was fought primarily along the frontiers between the British colonies from Virginia to Nova Scotia In the Spring of 1757, Lieutenant Colonel George Monro became garrison commander of Fort William Henry, located on Lake George in the Province of New York. In early August, Major General Louis-Joseph de Montcalm and 7,000 troops besieged the fort. On 2 August General Webb, who commanded the area from his base at Fort Edward, sent 200 regulars and 800 Massachusetts militia to reinforce the garrison at William Henry. In the novel, this is the relief column with which Munro's daughters travel Monro sent messengers south to Fort Edward on the 3rd, but Webb refused to send any of his estimated 1,600 men north, since they were all that stood between the French and Albany. He wrote to Monro on 4 August that he should negotiate the best terms possible; this communication was intercepted and delivered to Montcalm - in Cooper's version the missive was carried by Natty Bumppo when it, and he, fell into French hands When the withdrawal began, some of Montcalm's Indian allies, angered at the lost opportunity for loot, attacked the British column. Cooper's account of the attack and aftermath is lurid and somewhat inaccurate. A detailed reconstruction of the action and its aftermath indicates that the final tally of British missing and dead ranges from 69 to 184, although over 500 British were taken captive Alice Fragile Motivating factor for Heyward Loyal Pasionate Noble savage Stoic chief Honourable and proud Open minded Cooper was one of the most popular 19th-century American authors, and his work was admired greatly throughout the world Jameson Fenimore Cooper was born in Burlington, New Jersey, the son of William and Elizabeth (Fenimore) Cooper. His father was a United States Congressman He anonymously published his first book, Precaution (1820). He soon issued several others. In 1823, he published The Pioneers; this was the first of the Leatherstocking series, featuring Natty Bumppo, the resourceful American woodsman at home with the Delaware Indians and especially their chief Chingachgook Cooper spent the last years of his life back in Cooperstown. He died of dropsy on September 14, 1851, the day before his 62nd birthday Following the end of the Seven Years War. Most Native Americans who joined the struggle sided with the British, hoping to use the war to reduce settlement & expansion onto their land. The Revolutionary War was "the most extensive and destructive" Indian war in United States history Both immigrant and Native noncombatants suffered greatly during the war, and villages and food supplies were frequently destroyed during military expeditions When the British made peace with the Americans in the Treaty of Paris (1783), they ceded a vast amount of Native American territory (without the consent of the indigenous peoples) to the United States The United States treated the Native Americans who had fought with the British as enemy allies, a conquered people who had lost their land STEREOTYPES To soften invasion narratives, conquerors often highlighted the stories of natives who helped them Many Indians have earned praise in history books by helping the Euro-American colonizers conquer their neighbors' land, or their own. Even if these Indians had separate identities, their fame comes from helping the white man, not helping themselves The good savage Scalping The practice of scalping was mainly performed
by the Deutch, who asked indian hunters to bring
a prove of their hunting. Scalping is a well known stereotype of native
american people Institutional Recognition Centeno Leos Ismael
Pérez Villalta Javier
Navarrete García L. Ernesto
Daniel Pérez Torres THANKS!
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