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John Krumboltz's Learning Theory of Career Counseling
Transcript of John Krumboltz's Learning Theory of Career Counseling
Genetic endowment/special abilities - sex, race, physical appearance
Environmental conditions and events - factors that are out of our control (cultural, social, economic)
Instrumental and associative learning experiences - neutrality is paired with a positive or negative consequence (instrumental); learning involving genetic endowment, environment, behavior and consequences
Task approach skills - determining whether [insert career here] is a good choice
Choosing a career also involves beliefs about ourselves as well as the world around us, including:
Self-observation generalizations - self-assessment of our interests and performace
Worldview generalizations - learning formed from generalizations about the world ("It's not what you know, it's who you know.")
Actions - learning experience leads to actions towards a career, such as applying for a job Theorists and Theory Social Learning Theory of Career Decision Making More on SLTCDM Based off of Bandura's "social learning theory," Krumboltz divides his theory into two major sections:
Social learning theory of career decision making
Learning theory of career counseling LTCC was created to use to info from SLTCDM to help clients cope more effectively with career concerns, including to help clients:
acquire more accurate self and world generalizations
learn new task approaches and take more appropriate actions
expand their interests and capabilities, as to not focus solely on their current characteristics
prepare for a changing work world/tasks
The Learning Theory of Career Counseling Career Beliefs Inventory (CBI):
designed to help counselors identify problematic client beliefs such as indecision, unrealism, and multipotentiality
categorizes the client's feelings, biases, and generalizations towards their own career journey, and help the client acknowledge the obsticles they must overcome.
Key Models & Concepts By: Dean Constantopoulos Planned Happenstance:
many important career events occur to clients even when they have little to do with what happened
unplanned events are inevitable as desirable
PH encourages clients to generate, recognize, and take advantage of chance events by incorparting them into their career development process Orientation:
Career Choice Development More on LTCC Research Support: Moderate
Though the "social learning theory" is widely accepted, LTCC is still a new theory and doesn't have much research to back its claims Multicultural Emphasis: High
Applicable in any workspace, the theory associates with the individual apart from any group counseling: processes and techniques (2nd ed.). Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Niles, S. G., & Bowlsbey, J. (2009). Career development interventions in the 21st century (3rd ed.). Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Merrill/Pearson.