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Taiga Biome Survival Guide

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by

Frankie Ray

on 16 October 2013

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Transcript of Taiga Biome Survival Guide

How to Survive the Taiga
Ways to survive and conquer the taiga biome written by people who have never been there.
Made by Frankie Ray, Nnedi Eze, Halli Watson, Emily Wallace, and Heaven Richardson.
Welcome to the Taiga.
This survival guide was made to help you survive the Taiga,, or the coniferous forest. This guide has information on all the characteristics beautiful yet perilous forest. From the yearly rainfall(it's mainly snow) to the unique animal species found here, almost everything you need to know is in this survival guide. I hope this presentation will help you through...
THE TAIGA
What You Should Wear
During your visit to the taiga, you will most likely come during the winter because it's the longest season. If you come during this time, you will need to bring a heavy jacket and many layers of clothing so you don't get hypothermia and lose limbs. If you come in the summer, depending on who you are, what you would probably need to wear varies from a light jacket and a long sleeve shirt or a heavy jacket and a few layered clothes.
Where on Earth is the Taiga located?
The taiga biome is located in northern Russia and northern Canada below the barren tundra, and is also found in the Scandinavian peninsula. Some taiga forests can be found in the northern US. It is not found anywhere in the south.
The weather.
The climate in the taiga is very frigid and moist. The land loses heat very quickly in the winter, but warm breezes from the ocean keep the winters from becoming excessively cold like in the tundra.
The average temperature during the winter is 14 degrees Fahrenheit(-10 degrees Celsius). This cold temperature brings lots of snow.
In the northern part of the taiga, closest to the tundra, the soil has permafrost. In the rest of the taiga, however, is wet with a layer of moss on the ground. Many bodies of water can also be found in this biome, along with mountains that can be found close by.
The plants of the taiga biome must be able to endure very cold winters, and one tree that is well known for doing that is the coniferous(evergreen) tree. There aren't many other plants due to the low amount of sunlight that falls through the leaves of the forests of evergreens. Other plants include orchids, fireweed, and the paper birch.
Another reason that there is little to no trees is that the soil in the taiga is very bad for growing plants due to it's acidity and due to that the water from waterfalls and snowfalls can't reach deep into the ground. The acidic ground is caused by all of the waxy needles that fall off the conifer trees and are decomposed into the soil, where the acids from the needles soak into the soil.
The taiga biome also has a very short growing season due to it's long winters. During the winters(6-7 months), there is heavy snowfall and it's frigid weather.
The Terrain and Vegetation
Biotic and Abiotic Factors
The taiga's short growing season is an abiotic factor that makes it very hard to have fruit bearing plants growing in these area. Heavy rainfall and cold temperatures are also abiotic factors in the taiga boime.
Biotic factors include animals such as caribou, reindeer, grizzly bears, beavers, and grey wolves, plants such as coniferous trees, lichen, and bracken fern. The one thing that they have in common is that they are all alive.
Animals and Vegetation:
There are many roles played in this biome dealing with producers and consumers. Some producers in the taiga include lichen, sphagnum moss, and bracken fern. These plants take up sunlight and make the energy that powers all living things. Next would come the consumers, that are split up into three categories: herbivores, carnivores, and omnivores. One example of a herbivore in the taiga would be the beaver. An omnivore would be the black bear (he eats fish and berries), and a carnivore would be the grey wolf.

Producers and Consumers
Symbiosis/Populations
Symbiosis is when two organisms interact and one or both organisms gets something needed for survival. There is mutualism, commensalism, and parasitism. One example of mutualism is when a lichen eats the dead matter off a black spruce tree and then makes nutrients for the tree. A bald eagle nesting in a pine tree is an example of commensalism because the tree is unharmed and the eagle benefits. A brain worm/caribou worm gets food from the caribou's brain but the caribou is severely harmed and in some occasions can die. This is an example of parasitism.
There are many different types of animals living in the taiga and they all have ways that they interact with each other. Every population in a biome work with each other to make things cooperate. If it means that a whole race of an animal is wiped out, then so be it. Another example would be symbiosis. The animals work and live together to survive. A biome does what it has to do to keep its self going,.

The Factors that are Endangering the Taiga
Many dangerous factors harm this beautiful forest, mostly because of humans. One important factor harming this biome would be global warming. As the ice caps melt, the water flowing from them is destroying and flooding many places. Another man-made terror would be pollution. People are destroying forest to make cities, oil tanks are spilling oil into this biome, and acid rain coming from the cities is destroying forests. Mining operations are also harming this forest by taking its natural resources and then leaving trash. So as you can see, many things do harm this biome, so take a stand and try to save and preserve the taiga!
Tips from the Artist
-Try to keep warm as much as possible, especially during the night. Usually taiga biomes are cut off from society, and hypothermia can and will kill without warmth(which is rare in the taiga).
-Be careful about what you eat! Research on edible plants and roast animals(if possible) before you actually go there.
-Find shelter(a cave would be best) or somewhere where snow and the harmful effects of society can't reach you.
-Try coming in the summer so you can stay in at least tolerable temperatures.
-DO NOT INTERACT WITH WILDLIFE!!!! Unless it's essential, like for food, because there are many animals in this biome that can and will kill you if you are in their territory or around their young.
You could also just, like, not go to the taiga in the first place.
It's finally.....
THE END.
All art(minus the map) done by Frankie Ray.
Applause.
Full transcript