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Exploration of IXS Swift~

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Emily Ding

on 3 March 2016

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Transcript of Exploration of IXS Swift~

Our Space Journey
Electromagnetic spectrum
The Electromagnetic spectrum is a range of all possible frequencies and types of waves shown in a graph.
spectrograph
Red Shifts and Blue Shifts
Shifts are movements made in space, there are different types.
Citations
Light Years
the Spectrograph is an instrument that separate and measure wavelengths
usually a multi-channel detector system
separates light into a frequency spectrum
records the signal with a camera
Red Shifts
Redshift is the increase in wavelength, changing our perception of the wavelength to red. This means that the celestial entity is moving away, or expending outwards.
Blue Shifts
Blueshift is the decrease in wavelength, changing our perception of the wavelength to blue. This means that the celestial entity is moving towards us, or contracting.
Radio waves can be seen with radio telescopes, we can discover more with what we cannot see.
Types of Waves
Light waves give show us the electromagnetic waves we can see, such as visible light. We can see the colors of stars. Colors of stars determine
Hertzsprung Russell Diagram
The Hertzsprung-Russell diagram shows different stars and descriptions about them, things such as temperature, color, size, and mass.
It is very useful for studying the properties and evolution of stars.
It is great for finding correlations and predicting where new information can be found.
Spectrographs are instruments that separate and measure wavelengths
usually a multi-channel detector system
separates light into a frequency spectrum
records the signal with a camera
8.8C & 8.8D
8.8A
There are three main galaxies spiral, elliptical, and irregular.
Spiral galaxies are the most comment

Spiral galaxies are in the shape of a spiral

elliptical galaxies are the second most common and are in the shape of a sphere in a way

irregular are the least common and have no particular shape
Types of Galaxies
8.7B


A new moon is when the moon is completely covered in the sun's shadow, and can't be seen.

The waxing crescent is the next phase of the moon. It appears as a thin disk-like sliver on the moon.

The first quarter is when half of the moon is illuminated.

The waxing gibbous is when 3/4 of the moon is covered, with only a sliver of darkness left.


The full moon is when the moon is fully lit up.

The 6th phase is waning gibbous. The moon gets a sliver of darkness on it.

The third quarter is when the moon is again half-covered in darkness.

The final phase, waning cresent, is where the cycle ends. The moon has but a sliver of itself revealing, and is covered mostly in darkness.
Moon phases
Nebulae
A nebulae is a cloud of dust, hydrogen, helium, and other gases. Stars are born from nebulae.
Nebulae can be classified by four major groups.
8.8B
Life cycle of a star
How are stars classified?
8.7 & 8.7A
Seasons
8.7c
Seasons are caused by tilt and rotation. Although our planet has a similar tilt and rotation compared to the Earth, it seems to only have one season, a stormy one.

Tides are the sum of effects caused by the gravitational attraction of the Moon and the Sun, as well as the gravitational force here on Earth.
The Moon's gravitational force is equivalent to only 17% of the Earth's gravity; while the Sun effects about 46% of a force over the Earth.
So the Tides are affected by basically the Moon and Suns gravitonal pull to Earth.
Tides
The Earth orbits the sun just like all the other planets it rotates west to east
it rotates counterclockwise on its axis
it also orbits in a counterclockwise direction
Earth's Orbit
8.8E

We classify stars using three different criteria:
Temperature
Luminosity
Size
All stars begin in a large, star-forming nebula, formed from previous final incarnations of stars.
When forming in the nebula, stars can have 2 different paths they can take. The medium path is the one our Sun takes.
After it's formation, the medium star will start to burn energy. Eventually, it will expand into a red giant.
Afterward, it explodes, becoming a small planetary nebula. From that, it can either become a white dwarf star of expand into a large star forming nebula.
Alternatively, a star can come out of the nebula as a giant star. It then turns into a red supergiant and later explodes into a supernova.

The theory suggests that in the beginning, there was nothing but a small singularity.
Within a second of the formation, the universe blew up, scattering atoms and electrons into the blank unknown and essentially forming the beginnings of the universe.
This theory coincides well with and is often proven by mathematics and various scientific logic.


Big Bang Theory
Effects of tides on 55 Cancri B
55 Cancri B has two moon which makes extremely high and extremely low tides
Types Of Nebulae
H ll regions (these contain ionized hydrogen),
planetary nebula,
supernova remnant (Crab Nebula),
Dark Nebula.

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EM Spectrum
Video Log
Video Log
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Video Log

Houghton Miffon Harcourt. "Science Textbook." [Online image] 12 January 2015. <http://https://www-k6.thinkcentral.com/content/hsp/science/fusion/tx/gr8/ese_9780544069633_/index.html>.

How to geek. "Desktop fun nebula ." [Online image] 1 January 2014. <http://http://i764.photobucket.com/albums/xx286/lightsatnight/15-chandra-spitzer-nebula.jpg>.

How to geek. "Desktop fun nebula ." [Online image] 1 January 2014. <http://http://i764.photobucket.com/albums/xx286/lightsatnight/15-chandra-spitzer-nebula.jpg>.
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