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Multiple Sclerosis

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on 9 March 2014

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Transcript of Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple Sclerosis
What is Multiple Sclerosis ?
What are the symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis?
Early symptoms of MS, can include:

Vision Problems:
Optic Neuritis, a condition that harms the nerve connecting the eye to the brain. Eg. blurry vision, colours that appear dull, pain in the eye, especially when you move it.

Strange Sensations:
You may experience weird feelings, around your body, including, numbness often in the face and tingling. More feelings include severe itching, a feeling of tightness or swelling.

A early symptom of Multiple sclerosis is extreme tiredness. Even if you have not been active or you have just woken up in the morning, you may feel exhausted.
Diagnosis of Multiple Sclerosis
Some strategies used to see if an individual has
MS include a careful medical history pdf, neurologic, and various test such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), Evoked Potentials (EP) and Spinal Fluid Analysis.

Causes Of Multiple Sclerosis
Although the cause of Multiple Sclerosis remains unknown, scientists have come to a conclusion/ decision that the cause of MS, include numerous factors. These factors include immunologic, environmental, infectious and genetic.

Multiple Sclerosis is more likely to happen in areas that are located far away from the equator. Research of migration patterns have shown that people, whom before the age of fifteen, that are born in a location with a large risk of Multiple Sclerosis and then move to an area with a smaller risk, acquire the risk of the new area. People whom live close to the equator experience high amounts of sun exposure, which tends to result in high levels of natural Vitamin D. Because Vitamin D is believed to support the immune system and help protect against immune-mediated diseases such as MS, people living further away from the equator have a higher probability of being diagnosed with MS.

Genetic Factors:
While MS is not genetic, if you have a family member such as a sibling or parent with MS, it does higher the possibility of developing it.

Jack Osbourne, Living With MS
Jack Osbourne was diagnosed with Relapsing Remitting MS at the young age of 26, in his first few weeks of fatherhood. He first realised that he had a black spot in his eye, however the next day that had turned into a black cigar shape, and the day after that he had lost most of his sight. He had been unknowingly having symptoms for years.His first thought when he had been diagnosed with MS was that in a couple of years he would be in a wheelchair, then a death sentence. He realised that it was only a matter of eating as healthy as you can, minimising stress and getting as much sleep as you can. Since he has started on medication his vision is slowly coming back without any side affects, so he is happy with the way his life is turning out to be.
The Occurence Of Multiple Sclerosis
Although MS can take place in little children and considerably older adults, most people who get MS are diagnosed between 20 and 50 years old.

Multiple Sclerosis occurs in many indigenous groups like the African - Americans, Asians and Hispanics/ Latinos. However it is more common in Caucasians who originated from Northern Europe. MS is nearly unheard of in many cultural groups such as the Australian aboriginies, New zealanders and Norwegian Lapps.

Women are 2 - 3 times more commonly diagnosed with MS than men, which is suggesting that hormones can also have an affect in determining vulnerability/ exposure to MS.

If an individual has a first degree relative like a child, parent, sibling or non identical twin with Ms, their risk of getting it increases to 1 in 40. However if you are the identical twin of someone living with MS your risk of getting it rises to 1 in 4 as you both share all the same genes.
By Isabelle Homan - Corless
Multiple Sclerosis is a disease of the central nervous system, which gets involved with nerve impulses inside the spinal chord, brain and optic nerves. It is a very common disease with more than 23 000 people in Australia and over two million people worldwide, living with it.The growth of these scars and sclerotic patches develop as a consequence of white blood cells in the body’s immune system harming the myelin, (the protective sheath around the central nervous system.) This causes swelling to the brain, spinal cord and optic nerves. The word Sclerosis is a Greek word meaning 'hardened tissues or scars'. There are four types of Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing Remitting MS, Secondary - progressive MS, Primary - progressive MS and Progressive relapsing MS. The most common, yet least aggressive type of Multiple Sclerosis, is Relapsing Remitting MS.
Heart Related Problems:
Whilst your excercising, you may get worn-out and weak as soon as your body gets warm. While your body is warmed up, you also might have a problem controlling some of your body (arms,legs), however when you cool down and rest, these symptoms should leave.

Walking Problems:
MS can lead to bad coordination, causing trouble keeping your balance and trouble walking in your normal style, making it very difficult to walk.

Other Symptoms:
Depending on which part of your nervous system is affected, other symptoms include depression, trouble thinking clearly, bladder and bowel problems, pain, emotional and cognitive changes and a sense that the room is spinning, a condition called vertigo.

The symptoms are varied depending on where the scars develop.
An MRI is a diagnostic tool, which is the most non intrusive method of imaging the brain, spinal cord and other parts of the body.

Evoked Potentials are tests which measure the electrical movement/ activity of the brain in reaction to stimulation of particular sensory nerve pathways.
Cerebrospinal Fluid is a clear, nuetral substance that
the spinal cord and the brain, cushioning the brain in the skull and serving as a barrier for the central nervous system.
For Physicians to make a diagnosis for MS, they need to
locate proof of damage in a minimum of two different areas in the central nervous system, including the brain, spinal cord and optic nerves. They also must locate proof that the damage happened at least a month apart, and must cancel out all other likely identifications.

Although there is no cure found to date, there are quite a few treatments accessible to ease particular symptoms, shorten the duration of attacks or relapses and slow further development of Multiple Sclerosis. Treatment for Ms symptoms include counselling,Yoga,massages, meditation, acupunctures, chiropractic, Physiotherapy and supplements such as fish oil and primrose oil. Some Medication could be prescibed to control severe symptoms like pain, fatigue, spasiticity and bladder problems. You can There are also many vital lifestyle tips that people living with MS have to apply in order to lower the affect of MS on their lives, such as making sure they, get an adequate amount of sleep, eat healthily, excercise frequently and minimise stress.

Control Of The Disease
Research Into Future Development For A Cure
Many new treatments and technologies have been established through research including injectable immunotherapy, gene chip technology, and new MRI - based imaging techniques which are all helping in future development. This new research is helping scientists do the following:

Complete new tests to protect the nervous system from MS harm
Learn how to treat all forms of Multiple Sclerosis
Establish lifestyle factors, that people can alter including smoking, vitamin D levels and childhood obesity, in order to possibly lower the risk of the next generation getting MS.
Acquire a higher investment of $50 million dollars in 2014 which is helping to introduce new technologies and methods to help stop MS.

Why its important for society to find a cure
It is important for society to find a cure to Multiple Sclerosis:

To prevent future generations,from

suffering from MS
So then scientists can put their time, knowledge and money into finding a cure for another life threatning disease
Saves the government thousands of dollars in having to invest in Medicare services.
The needs of society have influenced the research into Multiple Sclerosis, because many people would know someone who is living with MS, therefore the demand for scientists to develop a cure is extremely high. If somebody in a family is living with MS it has a huge impact on the other family members, because many MS suffers have to follow a specific diet, get really tired and worn out easily, therefore they all would feel a high need for a cure to be found.
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