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Causes and Effects of WWI
Transcript of Causes and Effects of WWI
Social/Political Effects on North America
Men were working on the battlefield.
Women were working in factories on their home turf.
Women were recognized with the ratification of the 19th amendment (gave women the ability to vote.)
Social Effects on Australia/New Zealand
The disaster of Gallipoli made Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (or the ANZACs) a legend.
Their Bravery gave the Australians something to be proud of
proved to others that they were more than a bunch of convicts.
Political Effects on Asia
The treaty of Versallies gave German holdings in China and other parts of East Asia to Japan.
Japan being China's worst enemy caused large scale protest in Beijing.
China started the Chinese Communist Party
They eventually took over China's government in 1949.
Cause: Mutual Defense Alliance
Before WWI the countries of Europe formed alliances.
Made a war inevitable.
Cause: Increase of Militarization
Before WW1, Europe's newly industrialized nations were producing weapons and armor faster and cheaper than ever
The nations leading in the producing of arms were Germany and Europe.
creating nationalization with propaganda, encouraging citizens to join the military.
In Europe an arms race began
Borders became heavily fortified.
The armies of Germany and France enlarged.
Great Britain became the only country to not call conscription.
These were the alliances before WWI:
Germany, Austria - Hungary
Britain, France, Belgium
France and Russia
Russia and Serbia
Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia.
Russia Joined in to help Serbia.
Germany went in to help Austria-Hungary.
Germany attacked France after Belgium.
This brought Britain in.
Italy joined in later with the Allies.
Japan joined the war later.
Economic Effects on Europe
The Treaty of Versialles said Germany was responsible for the war.
Made Germany repay tons of money for war damages.
Germany's money became useless.
The size of the German state was minimized, giving out it's land to others.
This backlash was a large cause of WWII.
With the Weimark republic came hyperinflation
causing money to be virtually useless. One of the only uses for it was a toy for children.
U.S. Propaganda film against Germany and their Allies
Restored footage from the event
Political/Social Effects on Africa
The end of the first world war marked the end of German colonies in Africa.
The colonies were divided between Portugal, Belgium, Britain, and South Africa.
There was a food shortage and famine in East Africa.
The Spanish flu reached Africa killing 2 million.
Other colonies led local resistance movements against the European Empires.
Zian war fought between France and Berber in Morocco.
Makobe Uprising against Portugal in what is now Mozambique.
Political/Social effects on the Indian-Sub Continent
800,000 Indians fought in WWI 1.5 million volunteered.
The reason they didn't all serve is because there wasn't enough funding.
India almost went bankrupt after the war
expected a move towards independence from Britain
They were not thanked
This angered Gandhi along with most of India
created a stimulus for the Indian Independence movement.
The first moves towards independence:
National Parliament (2 houses)
5 million wealthy citizens given vote
In local governments Indians could hold positions
Gandhi and some of his supporters
Chinese Communist Party Propaganda
Signed resolution of the 19th amendment
Economic effects on Latin America
Latin America didn't want involvement in the Great War.
Latin America was eventually pulled in when their shipping routes were compromised
Brazil lost a British loan opportunity,
Chilean industry was hit and unemployment rose.
Bolivia had to borrow money from an American bank.
This cartoon maybe insensitive, but it's a fair representation of each sides involvement in the war.
Music: Thais- Meditation Played by Fritz Kreisler, he served in WWI