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upper vocabulary and concept revision
Transcript of upper vocabulary and concept revision
What are the most important differences between education in Turkey and in Europe?
What changes need to be made to improve the education system in our country?
What kind of learning enviroment do you think would suit you the best?
Discuss the relevance between intelligence, education and success.
The fault is in the system of education that has been ___________throughout the world. So where did this education system come from? We know exactly where and when modern schooling started. Modern schooling as we know it goes back to 1819 exactly. It was started after a military defeat of the Prussian army in 1806. The King at that time came to the______________that in order to start winning wars again they must get ‘back to basics’; and the answer to doing this was, in a word - schooling. The important thing for us, though, is the purpose, the goal, of this schooling which was stated in 1819. This was to produce: obedient soldiers for the army, obedient workers for the mines, obedient civil servants for the government and industry and finally, citizens who thought alike on all major issues. This Prussian system was very successful in ______________ its goal and it was therefore copied by other countries. After the ______________ revolution, the traditional classroom setting became all-important to produce workers for factories with production lines, prepared for ___________ work. Suddenly, the need for novelty, ____________, creativity, spontaneous movement and quick problem solving often became secondary to orderliness and repetitive tasks. The great business tycoons of the end of the nineteenth and beginning of the twentieth centuries were big supporters of this system because they wanted literate but obedient factory workers.
Oral Assessment Practice – Upper Intermediate
5 mins prep./ 12 mins for groups of 3 Ss /15 mins for groups of 4 SS
1.What factors contribute to success?
2.What is the correlation between intelligence and success,
and between education and success?
genes and IQ and EQ level
family background (priviledge/wealth/parents’ attitudes, etc)
educational situation in your country
hard work and focus
other possible factors
1. How effective do you feel the system of education in Turkey is? Consider:
-How well it prepares students for working life
-How well school prepares them for university?
2. To what extent does it cater to the needs of students with multiple intelligences?
3. What should be changed to meet the future needs? Give specific examples.
4. How appropriate is individualized learning for this context?
ANSWER KEYB. Fill in each blank with one of the words in exercise A.
1. Sometimes, the parents decide not to __terminate_____ a pregnancy where the fetus is found to be carrying the diseased gene.
2. Shakespeare tells of how Macbeth's misunderstanding of the witches' prophesies to him led to his arrogance and ___subsequent______ downfall.
3. Counseling is needed to determine the intentions of ___prospective_______ parents who want prenatal testing and to make them aware of these dilemmas and how they would cope with this knowledge.
4. The most worrying dilemma ___provoked________by genetic advances is the capacity to prophesy before we can prevent.
5. For those who learn that they have the Huntington disease gene and will become ill at some _____inevitable_____ time in the future, the information is devastating.
6. The pre-symptomatic test for Huntington disease using DNA markers has led to a new category of individual: the pre-symptomatic person with the Huntington disease gene. Not yet suffering from the disease, how does this person live while they wait for the __indeterminate_____?
7. Prenatal testing for Huntington disease has introduced new dilemmas. At risk parents might want to __ensure______ that their children are free from the Huntington disease gene.
8. Prenatal testing for Huntington disease has introduced new dilemmas. At risk parents might want to ensure that their children are free from the Huntington disease gene. If so, they can test fetuses. At present, the test is only available to people age 18 or older who can give informed ____consent____.
9. The recent increase in____astonishing______ genetic discoveries finds us in the problematic position of being able to identify those who carry genes for fatal or crippling conditions without being able to prevent or treat the diseases.
B. Fill in each blank with one of the words in exercise A.
1. Sometimes, the parents decide not to _______ a pregnancy where the fetus is found to be carrying the diseased gene.
2. Shakespeare tells of how Macbeth's misunderstanding of the witches' prophesies to him led to his arrogance and _________ downfall.
3. Counseling is needed to determine the intentions of __________ parents who want prenatal testing and to make them aware of these dilemmas and how they would cope with this knowledge.
4. The most worrying dilemma ___________by genetic advances is the capacity to prophesy before we can prevent.
5. For those who learn that they have the Huntington disease gene and will become ill at some __________ time in the future, the information is devastating.
1.Although the nocebo hypothesis will require much more formal scrutiny before it ________ the credibility of the placebo effect - or is dismissed as clinically irrelevant - the studies to date are suggestive
2.Researchers in one experiment found that allergies could be _______ by tricking the subjects into believing they had come into contact with an irritant.
3.The nocebo effect may help explain cases of psychogenic illness or mass hysteria. Some scientists _______ the nocebo phenomenon as a possible explanation for vague, unsubstantiated illnesses such as Gulf War Syndrome and multiple chemical sensitivity.
4.Everyday about 6 billion people are ________ to countless types of bacteria, viruses and fungi. Each one of them is unique and has its own history.
5.Credit for what prompted Dr. Moseley to embark upon such an unorthodox experiment can be given to another doctor, Nelda Wray. One day she __________ him with a startling question.
6.The expectation is that once the genetic abnormality is characterized, effective treatments can be developed and genetic techniques can be used to ________ in the gene itself to cure the disease.
7.In a recent review on the subject, Robert Hahn, PhD, an epidemiologist at the CDC and an _________ on the phenomenon, explained the concept this way.
UNIT 1 REVISION
1_ What do you think about the differences between female and male brains?
2_ How do these differences affect people’s lives?
Communication - science - social life -work life
3_ What is Synesthesia? What do you think are the advantages and disadvantages of synesthesia?
4_ What are the effective methods of memorising? How do these methods affect learning?
5_ What is the difference between sensation and perception?
6. What can be done to contribute to cognitive processes? Why is cognitive psychology important for humanity?
1 What is science fiction?
3 Is science fiction beneficial or not? how?
4 Can science fiction facts be true in the future?
5 Is it possible for computers to reach human’s brain capacity?
6 Can time travel be true?
8 In the future can machines control humanity? How?
1) Do you think technology helps medicine in a positive way or a negative way? Why or why not?
2) How are infectious diseases caused and prevented?
3) Is human cloning possible? Why or why not? What are benefits and drawbacks of human cloning?
4) What are the advantages and disadvantages of genetic testing?
What do you think important environmental problems that threaten life on earth?
Describe some theories that explain the extinction of dinosaurs.
What may cause human extinction?
What should be done to stop or slow environmental problems?
What are some of the common health problems today?
What are the causes of these health problems? Consider:
•Use of carcinogen chemicals
What can be done to fight these modern day diseases?
•Using relaxation methods
or jump to the game (slide 19)
1.How does sympathetic apprenticeship model work in learning?
2.What were the goals of modern education system and how did it affect creativity?
3.Explain contextualization of intelligence with an example.
4.What are the economic changes that require a change in the education?
5.What kind of a role can IT play in individualized learning?
Can you answer the following questions?
Can you answer the following questions
1. Discuss two theories that explain the differences between female and male brains?
2. Explain different types of memory.
3. Describe forgetting and explain different forms.
4. Explain the condition of synaesthesia and discuss two possible effects on the individual.
Can you answer the following questions
1. Briefly explain the concept of placebo OR nocebo by giving examples from studies.
2. Explain how poverty and global trade cause an increase in infectious diseases.
Please evaluate the following paragraph:
What are two factors in the recent rise of infectious diseases and epidemics?
One of the main factors which leads to a rise in infectious diseases and epidemics is poverty. Lack of food and medicine and inadequate sanitation considerably affects the rise. These conditions are main reasons for infectious diseases and epidemics. Another factor for this rise is overpopulation. Cities have grown too fast and people have started living closer to places where disease carrying insects live. Poor public does not have clean water and healthy conditions so infectious diseases are becoming more powerful. To sum up poverty starts with overpopulation and it contributes to diseases and epidemics. (95 words)
What is the short answer question for the following text?
A disturbing ethical problem is raised by prenatal testing. Parents have to decide whether to terminate a pregnancy when the fetus seems to carry the defective gene. This may require parents to get counseling to determine the intentions of parents to have prenatal testing. This is necessary to help them think about possible consequences or ways of dealing with a prospective problem.Cost is another ethical issue. People may not afford the tests or it may be risky to have others pay for the testing due to confidentiality. Insurance companies may share the results which may lead to the end of an insurance policy or loss of a job or employment posibility.
Kahoot for input4
Unit3 revision kahoot
6. The pre-symptomatic test for Huntington disease using DNA markers has led to a new category of individual: the pre-symptomatic person with the Huntington disease gene. Not yet suffering from the disease, how does this person live while they wait for the _______?
7. Prenatal testing for Huntington disease has introduced new dilemmas. At risk parents might want to ________ that their children are free from the Huntington disease gene.
8. Prenatal testing for Huntington disease has introduced new dilemmas. At risk parents might want to ensure that their children are free from the Huntington disease gene. If so, they can test fetuses. At present, the test is only available to people age 18 or older who can give informed ________.
9. The recent increase in__________ genetic discoveries finds us in the problematic position of being able to identify those who carry genes for fatal or crippling conditions without being able to prevent or treat the diseases.