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Transcript of Theatre Spaces
Erica Hoggatt, and
Lindsey Sisk Theatre Spaces Proscenium Description: (a picture frame stage); Audience faces in one direction and the action onstage is seen through a frame of some kind. History: This stage was first introduced in Italy during the Renaissance in the early seventeenth century. Before the 1950s, there was usually a curtain just behind the proscenium opening; when the curtain rose, it revealed a picture. Structure:
Fourth wall - Invisible or transparent wall through which the audience looks at the other three walls of a room.
Rake - auditorium is slanted downward from the back.
Orchestra - main floor where the audience sits.
Fly loft - held above the stage to hold scenery. Disadvantages:
Creates a temptation to get carried away with visual pyrotechnics.
Tends to be remote and formal. Advantages:
Realistic settings: a living room, an office, a kitchen - particularly effective in this theatre.
Strong central focus provided by the frame rivets the attention of the audience. Thrust Blackbox Found Spaces Arena Description: (Open or platform stage); Stage that extends to the audience on three sides and connected the backstage by its upstage end. Structure: Extends into the audience beyond the Proscenium arch and usually surrounded on three sides by seats. History: The thrust stage is one of the oldest arrangements, having been used by the Greeks and by the Elizabethans in the time of Shakespeare. It has been revived successfully in the modern period and is widely used in Europe and United States. Advantages:
Audience to actor intimacy.
Allows for elaborate scenery without obstructing the audience's view.
There are usually not any bad seats. Disadvantages:
Everyone in the audience will see the actors at all different angles. Description: (circle theatre or theatre-in-the-round); Has a playing space in the center of a square or circle, with seats for spectators surrounding it. Structure: Audience surrounds the stage area on all sides in addition to isles for audience members to enter, there are passages that the performers use to enter/exit the stage. History: From as far back as we have records, we know that religious observances and tribal rituals in all parts of the world have been held in some form of circle theatre. Advantages:
Offers the most intimacy.
No barrier to separate the performers from the audience.
Practical, economic advantage to the arena stage: any large room can be converted into this arrangement. Disadvantage:
Cannot have elaborate scenery because it would block the view of many spectators.
Performers must make all their entrances and exits along the aisles that run through the audience. Description: (created space); Theatre is set up in a space not ordinarily used for performance. History: All early theatres probably began in some type of created or found space. Tribal ceremonies, for example, were performed in outdoor spaces such as circle with an altar at the center. In the Middle Ages, theatre performances were originally held in churches or cathedrals. Structure: In recent years, there has been renewed interest in the concept of theatre performed in unusual places: street corners, public parks, and the like. Advantages:
You can access this type of theatre anywhere.
Spectators are close to the performers with no seating assignment. Disadvantages:
Usually only a minimum amount of scenery.
Accommodations for spectators can be less than ideal. Description (multipurpose theatre); A theatre space that is open, flexible, and adaptable, usually without fixed seating or a permanent stage area. It is economical and particularly well suited to experimental work. Structure: A built space that can be adapted to almost an infinite range of configurations. Every aspect is flexible and moveable. History: Became popular and widespread
particularly in the 1960s and 1970s, during which low-cost experimental theater was being actively practiced as never before. Advantages:
Such spaces are easily built and maintained.
Has basic technical arrangements.
Almost any warehouse or open space in any building can be transformed into a black box.
Usually inexpensive. Disadvantages:
Limited sets and very simple lighting effects. Stage directions of a proscenium theatre: The End!