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The South Asian Autism Awareness Center

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Neeran Kuni

on 13 September 2014

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Transcript of The South Asian Autism Awareness Center

The South Asian Autism Autism Awareness Center or...
Community Approach
We work with parents and volunteers
to normalize behaviours among
typical and atypical groups. .
No exclusions
We work with students regardless of
age, development and functioning.
Advocacy and Crisis
We work with parents who needs us,
sometimes we haven't even met the
parents.
Cultural Sensitivity
We work with parents in the South
Asian community who sometimes
need assistance in translation,
therapeutic advice and most
important accessible clinical support
for their children.
5. How Does S.A.A.A.C. clinically Serve Individuals With A.S.D?
Mondays - Music and Art Therapy (facilitated by Therapists)
Monday and Wednesday - Speech Therapy (facilitated by Therapists)
Tuesday and Thursday - ABA Sessions (facilitated by You)
Weekends - Training and Development, Intake Assessments.
Spectrum Disorder - We can not assume all individuals with A.S.D have the same symptoms. However, there are common characteristics.
Impairments - In social interaction and communication skills
Aggression - individuals may be self injurious or aggressive towards others
Repetition - individuals have a 'narrow' approach to objects or people
Anxiety - unmeasurable levels of high anxiety in a variety of situations
Intelligence Quotient - I.Q. is either normal or above average
Music Therapy
Use music creatively to help their clients address social, emotional or physical difficulties.
They work with children and adults of all ages and social backgrounds and in a variety of settings.
Support clients with a wide range of issues, including eating disorders, anxiety, behavioural and emotional difficulties, addiction and communication disorders.
Art Therapy
According to the American Art Therapy Association, "art therapy is a mental health profession that uses the creative process of art making to improve and enhance the physical, mental and emotional well-being of individuals of all ages. It is based on the belief that the creative process involved in artistic self-expression helps people to resolve conflicts and problems, develop interpersonal skills, manage behavior, reduce stress, increase self-esteem and self-awareness, and achieve insight."
Speech Therapy
To help improve a student’s verbal and/or non-verbal communication
At this center, Speech-Language Pathologists are trained to improve a client’s spoken language, understanding of language, play skills and use augmentative (non-verbal) forms of communication and pronunciation.
1. Welcome to Training!
2. Introductions
3.Philosophy
4.Who do we serve?
Individuals with A.S.D. (Autism Spectrum Disorder)
Hours of Operation
Specific Therapies for Children and Adults with A.S.D.
ABA Therapy
Medical Assessment
We have two medical doctors on staff who help us create a proper prognosis within our organization.
Our medical doctors work exclusively within our intake process as well as on a consultant basis with any aspect of the organization.
Once we have determined a confirmed diagnosis of A.S.D. we can look at how we can assist the child
"ABA therapy as an effective treatment for children with autism because ABA therapists are often able to help autistic children increase positive behaviors and reduce interfering behaviors through the use of reinforcement procedures."
On Tuesday and Thursday you are facilitating your ABA Session...let's get started.
6. What A.B.A. principles would apply to your session?
Reinforcement
Pairing is child-led and it requires you to mainly observe and minimally interact with the student, your presence matters most.
You are observing what objects are reinforcing.
Pairing
Considered to be the corner stone of our intervention. Without reinforcement there is theoretically no motivation to complete the tasks.
What is reinforcing for you?
There are so countless ways of reinforcing a child...
Data Collection
Data is significant with the world of I.B.I. but we can extract components of I.B.I. into our session, such as...
Skill Acquisition
When you collect data you are essentially objectively keeping track of all the skills has achieved at S.A.A.A.C. We are also seeing what programs work and what programs needs to be modified.
Let's look at a Data Sheet.
Prompting
Most students will not be able to complete the task independently. They will need additional support or cues along with your verbal instruction.
These are called Prompts.
Delivering An Instruction
When we speak to individuals with A.S.D. we have to try to avoid questions.
We must be brief and clear.
We must remain neutral when it comes to delivering the instruction but not necessarily after.

Things to Consider
What happens if a child exhibits very high levels of anxiety as soon as you walk into the session?
Should Reinforcement be immediate or delayed?
Should you Reinforce good or bad behaviours?
Should you maintain the same prompt level through out the session?
Try to remember Errorless Teaching!
Errorless Teaching
Rarely will a student be able to respond independently.
Therefore we must provide clues or hints of how to answer the question of instruction.
Here is an example!
7. How do you manage behaviours?
Things to Consider
Behaviours will occur, it's important that you remain professional and courteous with all behaviours.
There are two Clincial Supervisor's on site and there will be a C.L. (Classroom Lead) in your room.
Functions of Behaviour
Escape Motivated
Attention Seeking
Stimulation
Imagine that your behaviour is the one of the few modalities of communication. Behaviours occurs because of these main reasons...
We can define the behaviours based on the ABC's of behaviour
A.B.C.'s of Behaviour
Antecedent - precipitating factors or anything observable prior to the behaviour
Behaviour - the actual before we are monitoring to see what function the behaviour is serving.
Consequence - is the behaviour reoccuring because the environment (including us, parents, peers, teachers) are reinforcing the behaviour
Once we know the function of the behaviour we can respond accordingly.
Behaviour Protocols
Escape Behaviours - we follow through
Attention Seeking Behaviours - we ignore
Stimulation - we block, redirect and reinforce
Watch Out for Extinction Bursts!
C.P.I. can be used as well!

We Exist Because;
On average it costs $60, 000 per/year for treatment. We try to support these families by raising funds in the community and engaging volunteers to create affordable programming.
SAAAC brings together health, social service and autism professionals to train and supervise members of the community in the provision of individualized, one-on-one care for children and youth with autism. This model is both cost effective and has helped many families get some form of supplementary therapy that they otherwise cannot attain by their own means.
Issues surrounding autism and special needs in general is not frequently discussed in the South Asian community. Since there is no discourse, the majority of the community does not understand autism and therefore cannot offer any type of support those families and individuals living with autism.
8. Please remember...
Etiquette
Garbage - Please throw away all garbage when you are done with useless materials. Better yet, have the children do it!
Place items back where they belong including Tablets.
Never leave the child unattended!
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