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Types of Sentences

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Megan Cripps

on 16 September 2014

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Transcript of Types of Sentences

Types of Sentences
4 Types of Sentences
1. Declarative
4 Types of Sentences
2. Interrogative
4 Types of Sentences
3. Imperative
4 Types of Sentences
4. Exclamatory

Sentence & Fragments
Sentence
A group of words that must contain a subject (doer), a verb (action), and a complete thought.
Example:
Sentence
Lorina washed her face.

Subject: Lorina
Verb: washed
Group of words makes a complete thought
Fragment
A group of words that might lack a subject or a verb and does not make a complete thought.
Example:
Fragment
During the trial

No subject
No verb
Not a complete thought

Vicki running next to her sister

Has a subject (Vicki)
Has a verb (running)
Not a complete thought
Run-on Sentence
Two (or more) sentences incorrectly written as a single sentence.
Examples:
The sofa is comfortable, the chair is too.

Two complete sentences are incorrectly joined by a comma

Princeton University is a fine place of higher learning it is located in New Jersey.

One complete sentence and one fragment have been mistakenly joined
'Sentence, Fragment or Run-on' GAME!
Read each question carefully

Discuss with your group

Be ready to answer when called on
Makes a statement
Uses a period (.)
Example:
Sharon and Paul found a lost puppy.
We rarely get snow in the winter.
Asks a question
Uses a question mark (?)
Example:
May I borrow your pencil sharpener?
What time do you wake up in the morning?
Gives a command or makes a request
Uses a period (.)
Example:
Pick up the book.
Clean your room.
Expresses strong feeling
Uses an exclamation point (!)
Example:
I won a million dollars!
It's a beautiful day!
Your turn to try!
Write one example of each of the four types of sentences.

When you're finished, raise your hand for a stamp.

Write your favorite sentence on a sticky note and post in the correct space on the filing cabinet.
The Subject
and the Predicate
Subject
A subject tells whom or what the sentence is about.


Examples:
Aunt Louise
found a beautiful antique lamp at the garage sale.

The kitten with the white paws
is called Boots.
Where are
your mittens
Kris?
How surprised
we
were!
To find the subject...
Ask WHO or WHAT is doing something
-or-
About whom or what something is being said
Examples:
Laughing and running down the street were
two small boys.
Who was laughing and running down the street?
A sealed envelope
rested near the edge of the desk.
What rested near the edge of the desk?
Are
Dalmations
very good watchdogs?
About what is something being said?
The Subject
and the Predicate
Predicate
The predicate tells something about the subject.
Marco's brother
delivers pizzas.
Under a large bush sat
the tiny rabbit.
Does
this copier
staple and fold documents?
Subject & Predicate
Worksheet
Directions: Draw a line to separate the subject and predicate.
Correct the Sentence
Group 1: Just as Miguel entered the Korean restaurant.
Group 2: My sister in college is studying all night.
Group 3: Excited by the news that Grandfather was to come soon.
Group 4: Jesse Owens, who won four gold medals in the 1936 Olympics.
Group 5: Where the horses are stabled.
Group 6: My stepbrother helped.
Group 7: When you go to the store.
For a stamp!
Complete Subjects & Predicates
Complete subject - All the words that tell whom or what a sentence is about.
Example:
The study of small insects
is a hobby of mine.
Complete predicate - A verb and all the words that modify a verb and complete its meaning.
Example:
Many people
will listen to interesting facts about bugs.
Simple Subjects & Predicates
Simple subject - The main word or word group that tells who or what the sentence is about.
Example:
The
study
of small insects is a hobby of mine.
Simple predicate - The verb!
Example:
Many people
will listen
to interesting facts about bugs.
Let's practice!
Complete subject:
Are
any of your friends
allergic to dust mites?
The taco from the local store
is quite tasty.
Complete predicate:
These two swimmers
graduated from the same high school.
Many teachers from our school
attended the music concert.
Let's practice!
Are any of your
friends
allergic to dust mites?

Simple subject:
The
taco
from the local store is quite tasty.
Simple predicate:
These two swimmers
graduated
from the same high school.
Many teachers from our school
attended
the music concert.
Let's try together...
Each of the seven contestants will be flying to Los Angeles next week.
Complete subject:
Complete predicate:
Simple subject:
Simple predicate:
The students cheered loudly for our football team.
Complete subject:
Complete predicate:
Simple subject:
Simple predicate:
How'd you do?
Each of the seven contestants will be flying to Los Angeles next week.
Complete subject:
Complete predicate:
Simple subject:
Simple predicate:
The students cheered loudly for our football team.
Complete subject:
Complete predicate:
Simple subject:
Simple predicate:
Each of the seven contestants
will be flying to Los Angeles next week
contestants
flying
The students
cheered loudly for our football team
students
cheered
Let's try together...
The talented mechanic fixed our car yesterday.
Complete subject:
Complete predicate:
Simple subject:
Simple predicate:
Babies were crying during the awards ceremony.
Complete subject:
Complete predicate:
Simple subject:
Simple predicate:
How'd you do?
The talented mechanic fixed our car yesterday afternoon.
Complete subject:
Complete predicate:
Simple subject:
Simple predicate:
Will he star in the school play?
Complete subject:
Complete predicate:
Simple subject:
Simple predicate:
The talented mechanic
fixed our car yesterday afternoon
mechanic
fixed
he
Will, star in the school play
he
star
Compound Subjects
A compound subject consists of two or more connected subjects that have the same verb.
The most common connecting words are
and
and
or
.
Examples:
Keisha
and
Todd
worked a jigsaw puzzle.

Either
Carmen
or
Eric
will record the ceremony tomorrow.

Among the guest speakers were an
astronaut
, an
engineer
, and a
journalist
.
You try...
Identify the compound subject.
1. Children and nature are honored with their own festivals in Japan.

2. Among Japanese nature festivals are the Cherry Blossom Festival and the Chrysanthemum Festival.

3. Fierce dragons and even huge ships fly in the sky during Singapore's Kite Festival.

Compound Verb
A compound verb consists of two or more verbs that have the same subject.
A connecting word - usually
and
,
or
, or
but
- is used between the verbs.
Examples:
The dog
barked
and
growled
at the stranger.

The man
was convicted
but later
was found
innocent of the crime.

Some plants
sprout
,
bloom
and
wither
quickly.
You try...
Identify the compound verb.
1. Linda wrote her essay and practiced the piano last night.

2. Miami is the largest city in southern Florida and has been a popular resort area since the 1920s.

3. According to Greek mythology, Arachne angered Athena and was turned into a spider.

4. This year the Wildcats won seven games and lost five.
Think-Pair-Share
In the GIST-Summary area of your notes, write the following with a partner.
Partner 1
: Write four sentences with two or more subjects for your partner to identify.

Partner 2
: Write four sentences with two or more verbs (action words) for your partner to identify.
Switch papers and see if you can find the compound subject or compound verb!
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