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Nature vs. Nurture

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Jade Palm

on 22 November 2014

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Transcript of Nature vs. Nurture

Child Development: Nature VS. Nurture or Nature & Nurture
by Jade Palm
References
Wermter, A., Laucht, M., Schimmelmann, B., Banaschweski, T.,
Sonuga-Barke, E., Rietschel, M., & Becker, K. (2010). From nature versus nurture, via nature and nurture, to gene x environment interaction in mental disorders.
European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 19(3)
, 199-210. doi:10.1007/s00787-009-0082-z

Atwell, B. L. (2012). NATURE AND NURTURE: REVISITING THE INFANT
ADOPTION PROCESS.
William & Mary Journal Of Women & The Law, 18(2
), 201-233.

Haleblian, G. E., Cantor, D. A., Sur, R. L., Assimos, D. G., & Preminger,
G. M. (2007). Nephrolithiasis in identical twins: the impact of nature vs nurture.
BJU International, 100(3)
, 621-623.

Plomin, R., & Asbury, K. (2005). Nature and Nurture: Genetic and
Environmental Influences on Behavior.
Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science,
86.

Lewkowicz, D. J. (2011). The Biological Implausibility of the Nature-
Nurture Dichotomy and What It Means for the Study of Infancy.
Infancy, 16(4
), 331-367.

Garvey, B. (2005). Nature, Nurture and Why the Pendulum Still Swings.
Canadian Journal Of Philosophy, 35(2
), 309-330.
Conclusion
Further Testing
Nature/nurture independently
Similar individuals
Limit influential factors

Nature & Nurture
Most significant impacts at conception to age three; however, impacts throughout life
NOT separate dimensions; Nature & nurture create and develop individuals together
Nature
Nurture
Pregnancy
zygote to birth

Early Childhood
birth to age three
(Atwell, 2012)


Research Limitations
Examples
Haleblian, Cantor, Sur, Assimos & Preminger (2007)
Examined the development of kidney stones in identical twins

Findings
Both Twins contained similar genetic and biological factors that could trigger kidney stone formation, but the kidney stone was more pronounced in one twin due to environmental factors (e.g. diet)
How They Affect Development
Objectives
Nature vs. Nurture
Nature
the inherited, genetic characteristics and tendencies that influence development


Nurture
the environmental conditions that influence development
1.
To determine what stages nature and nurture mostly effect child development
2.
Explore how nature and nurture effect child development
3.
Provide research limitations and areas for further research
Conception
egg is fertilized by sperm

Biological Development
e.g. brain development at third week

Birth
child is fully genetically developed

Significant Stages of Effect
Significant Stages of Effect
*This does not mean that nature and nurture have no effect on other stages of development
Nature & Nurture
How it Affects Development
Previous Studies
Nature vs. Nurture
Nurture and Nature as individual constructs

Recent Studies
Nature & Nurture intertwine (p. 310, Garvey, 2005; p. 344, Lewkowicz, 2010)
Examples
How it Affects Development
Wermter, Laucht, Schimmelmann, Banaschweski, Sonuga-Barke, Rietschel, & Becker (2009)
Explored the onset of mental disorders in relation to genetic and environmental factors

Findings
Most disorders were found to have been influenced by nature and nurture at onset. If not, they had a modifying effect on the development and outcome of the disorder
Nature & Nurture
Traits are developed by environmental factors activating genes, & vice versa
Lewkowicz (2010)
Nature & Nurture
Biological Factors
"Critical" to development because hereditary; However, genes do not produce complex traits, such as intelligence, athleticism, and depression, without environmental influence

Environmental Factors
Influence child development by triggering genes
Multiple Testing
Overestimating effects and false positive findings
Age
Infants inability to speak (cannot gain full understanding)
Individuality
Everyone is different
Correlation
Genetic factors tested separately of environmental, and vice versa
Thank you!
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