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Transcript of THE RATIONALISTS
Late 17th Century
TYPES OF LITERATURE
Famous Authors During this Period
Satirical writing aimed to correct the behavior of people in society.
Periodical essays were intended to be succinct. They were written to appeal to middle class citizens.
Benjamin Franklin- Poor Richards Almanack
Thomas Jefferson-The Declaration of Independence
Abigail Adams- Letter to John Adams
Phillis Wheatley- Letter to Rev. Samson occum
Thomas Paine- Common Sense
Alexander Hamilton- First Speech of June 21
Friday, August 29, 2014
Vol XCIII, No. 311
The Beliefs, Styles, and Works from this Time Period that are Evident in Contemporary Culture.
Thomas Jefferson, Thomas Paine, and Patrick Henry, American Revolution authors
Poems on Various Subjects (1773) by Phyllis Wheatley, African-American poet (1753-1784)
Common Sense (1776) by Thomas Paine
The Declaration of Independence:
which bases its arguments on rationalist assumptions about the relations between people, God, and natural law.
still a major part in our government today.
Life, liberty, and justice are still protected and seen as our countries highest priority.
People could "perfect themselves" or to make one self a better person or one's life by working hard.
Certain truths can be determined through logic, mathematics, and ethics.
The belief that all people are to to be treated equally continues to make our society a sought-after one to be apart of around the world.
Common Beliefs that Drove the Movement
liberty and justice
all men were created equal
encouraged people to think for themselves
made conclusions based on the evidence
used reason to influence their lives
don't believe in religion or God
knowledge of the world is obtained through reason
Significant Historical Events
- Colonists got mental preparedness and moral strength from rationalist John Locke
- said owning property is a natural right
- people can organize new government if they didn't like their government
- use observation and experiment as evidence
- ex. proved that earth revolves around sun and not vice-versa like what was previously thought
Smith, Nadine. "Types of Literature in the Age Of Reason." eHow. Web. 4 July 2014.
Question with boldness even the existence of a god; because if there be one he must approve of the homage of reason more than that of blindfolded fear.
- Thomas Jefferson
Quote from selected works
Blanshard, Brand. "Rationalism." Encyclopedia Britannica. Web. 26 Aug. 2014.
LLC, ed. "John Locke." History. Web. 26 Aug. 2014.
Walker, Jim. "Thomas Jefferson On Christianity and Relegion." Nobeliefs. Web. 26 Apr. 2014.
Bildir, Hata, ed. "Phillis Wheatley." Poem Hunter. Web. 15 Jan. 2014.