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Romantic Poetry

Honors British Literature

Kara Rufo

on 4 February 2013

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Transcript of Romantic Poetry

Romantic Poetry First Generation Lake Poets Lake Poets "Answer to a Child's Question" "A Child's Evening Prayer" Samuel Coleridge I Wandered Lonely
As A Cloud Strange Fits of Passion
Have I Known Wordsworth & Coleridge William Blake A Poison Tree A Divine Image Pre-Romantic Poet One of the first to revolt against the intellectual patterns of earlier age.

He portrayed imagination and emotion in an age of reason. Collection: Songs of Innocence
Human spirit blossoms in freedom
Collection: Songs of Experience
The human heart eventually withers and dies
It can only conform to rules for so long

First Verse: Relationships between 4 human traits
During the Revolution, the virtues of Cruelty, Jealousy, Terror and Secrecy reign the human heart
These virtues are abstract ideas
Humans have a cruel heart, they are jealous, they cause terror and they are secret

Second Verse: Provides image of no hope or salvation
Humanity is strong like an iron, powerful (both destructive and constructive), and a consuming mouth. Mankind is depicted as a beast Consists of rhyming couplets
Stanza 1: He can forgive his friend, but not his enemy.
Stanza 2: He takes pleasure in watching his anger grow. He pretends to smile at his enemy to create the illusion that they're friends. Consider: Keep your friends close, but your enemies closer.
Stanza 3: His illusion of friendship is growing like that of the apple. The enemy thinks the friendship is real.
Stanza 4: The enemy consumed the poison apple and died (metaphorically).
Moral: Danger in hidden wrath A group of English poets who all lived in the Lake District of England at the turn of the nineteenth century.
As a group, they did not follow a singular school of thought.
Two of these figures are: William Wordsworth and Samuel Coleridge.
These two men revere nature and recognize its beauty and place in the world.
They take to writing in blank verse, often without punctuation. A poet cannot help but be happy when surrounded by these beautiful images of nature.
When he feels empty or lost, he thinks of all that nature has to offer.
There is a strong bond between man and nature and a mutual need for one another.
Attempts to paint a picture so that the reader might read it like a painting might be viewed. Recounts the death of the beloved's Lucy.
The moon began to sink as they neared Lucy's house.
Parallels Lucy's health (high moon) sickness (low).
He was overcome with a "strange fit of passion" and cried out that Lucy must be dead. Several of Coleridge's poems mention childhood and examine the simple and profound beauty of nature
Focus on childhood revolves around an idealization of the carefree nature and innocence of childhood.
For Coleridge, childhood shapes adult destiny.
He finds that his own upbringing was marred by life in the city, and hopes to create a better connection between his son and the spirit of nature by raising his own child in the countryside.
Possible Themes: Innocence, Relationship between Man and Nature Demonstrates the meaning of being a Christian in Coleridge's eyes.
He believed that when a child or anyone prays, they pray for the things that really matter in life.
Asking God to bless each aspect of life. English poet, literary critic, and philosopher who, with his friend Wordsworth, was the founder of the Romantic era in England ("Lyrical Ballads").

Critical of Shakespeare's writings Romantic Poetry Second Generation John Keats An English Romantic poet
Considered one of the main figures in the second generation
Died at the age of 25; Achieved posthumous fame
His poetry is often characterized by sensual imagery
Romantic concerns: beauty of nature, relation between imagination and creativity, inevitability of death
Includes concepts of the ancient world
Ode: Formal Address to an event, a person or a thing not present
Unsure if they are meant to be read through a single speaker or a different one for each "To Autumn" First Stanza: Addresses Autumn
Relation to Sun
Second Stanza: Female Goddess
Third Stanza: Appreciate own gifts
Themes: Concerned with the "quiet" of everyday life; Inevitable loss "Ode on Melancholy" Lethe: A river in Hades
Ruby Grape of Proserpine: Poison
Psyche: Symbol Soul or Life

First Stanza: Don't succumb, but don't forget
Second Stanza: How to cope (nature)
Third Stanza: Relationship between pleasure and pain Isabella, or The Pot of Basil FAIR Isabel, poor simple Isabel!
Lorenzo, a young palmer in Love’s eye!
They could not in the self-same mansion dwell
Without some stir of heart, some malady;
They could not sit at meals but feel how well
It soothed each to be the other by;
They could not, sure, beneath the same roof sleep
But to each other dream, and nightly weep. George Gordon Byron Known as Lord Byron
Created the idea of a "Byronic hero" - a defiant, melancholy young man brooding over an event in his past
Experimented with satire in his writing
Used writing to cope with his outbursts from bipolar disorder
Debt, love affairs, scandals, personal exile "She Walks in Beauty" Lyric Poem: Used to express feelings
In Romantic poetry, they often served as first person accounts of thoughts or feelings from a specific moment
Purpose: Describes a woman of beauty and elegance
Third Person Point of View
Narrator: May be Byron?
Theme: Light and Dark / Day and Night
How is the beauty of a woman "like night?"
Why is the sky personified to "deny?"
Is this woman beautiful or does she walk in the aura of beauty? "When We Two Parted" Lyric Poem made up of four octets (ABABCDCD)
Highly Autobiographical about his affair with Lady Frances and his frustration in her unfaithfulness to him with the Duke of Wellington.
First Stanza: The split is accompanied by "silence and tears." She is "cold" in her reaction, meaning she is able to emotionally detach easily.
Second Stanza: Feels empty in the world without her and is awakened by nightmares. He feels shamed by her actions.
Third Stanza: He shudders at the sound of her name (comparison to knell of bell). His emotions are too deep for words.
Fourth Stanza: Unable to convey feelings to others. Considers his feelings towards her in future years. Percy Bysshe Shelley Regarded as one of the best lyric poets of the time period
Concerned with romantic ideals, but recognized the need for nonviolent reform
Married to Mary Shelley
While away, he challenged each person to write a ghost story, in which Mary produced Frankenstein.
England in 1819 Political sonnet which reflects liberal ideals
Liberty and equality
Attacks England and King George III
"Leech-like" - Blood-suckers
Corrupt army, useless laws, meaningless religion
Last two lines: Shed light on our wrongs?
Sonnet breaks normal form - Parallel to state of England (Disarray) Ode to the West Wind Autumn scatters dead leaves, which spring rejuvenates
Wind is a destroyer and preserver
Wishes the wind could lift him and his worries
Wants wind to listen to him and carry his words to other people
Meditation on beauty and natural world
Spring: Metaphor of human consciousness
Imagination and liberty

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