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1812: War That Forged a Nation

Book Two: The Bugles
by

AnhThi Tanguyen

on 22 October 2012

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Transcript of 1812: War That Forged a Nation

1812: War That
Forged a Nation Book Two: Bugles Oh, Canada William Hull Hurrah For Old Ironsides •The war was extremely tough of the armies; they had the bare minimum for their soldiers let alone enough to supply their prisoners with.
•Prisoners because of this were sent home until they were needed, they knew had they not returned they would be killed instantly.
• Moving up in ranks became harder, a roster was created and your name went on it and you waited. .
•The Chesapeake seemed to be unstoppable; the Americans now had a ship that conquered all.
•One her last encounter the Chesapeake was taken over by the British, this made the British extremely overjoyed because they had now in their possession the all mighty Chesapeake and had taken it by force.
•The Battle of Tippecanoe and the Battle of Lake Erie is one of those events where both sides formulate their own opinions. As controversial as it was the Americans believed that they were in the right, it didn’t help that Perry had gained a big head due to his victories
The Americans were creating strategies to invade Canada. Captain William Hull and his troops were unaware that the country was at war with Great Britain. Their war ships sailed right into the danger zone and was captured. Hull was then convicted of "cowardice and neglect of duty" (69) because he surrendered the battle at Detroit against the British. After the conviction, William Henry Harrison was appointed the head officer the of the U.S. troops and was ordered to regain what was lost. Troops were forced to surrender at Fort Dearborn because they were outnumbered. Overall, the Americans had to go back to square one and think of other strategies to beat the British and Indians. War of 1812 Captain Most important advantage was the having control over the Great Lakes( Both the British and American sides knew this )
Issac Chauncey was put in charge of gaining control over the Great Lakes for the Americans.
Background information on Chauncey:
At a young age he was drawn to the sea. At age 19 he was captaining a fur trade ship . He would later be come a lieutenant for the American Navy and encounter a British Ship that would try to force him to surrender but fail.
He was also a huge ship distributor , producing on of the biggest US Naval ships the US Maison Marching on a Capital Con... Marching on a Capital Under the rule of Chauncey , American would go on to take over Fort Erie and Lake Erie , this would initially fail due to reinforcements on the British side.
This would allow the British to settle in Fort Erie which would eventually led to the Americans capturing their ship. New Lieutenant on the Scene Pike was a young lieutenant
some were skeptical about him and his closeness to Wilkinson ( similar to Benedict Arnold_
Since he was close to Wilkinson , Military Officials questioned why when sent on a big mission , he would return with only a story of how the Spanish had captured him and his soldiers and had seized all property. Pike and his army entered into a unexpected bombing which fatally injured Pike with a blow to the head.
this lead to the death of Pike but would also stir up the question of the, what was America doing? There had been too many fatalities that were much greater than the British and American ships were decreasing in numbers as well.
American soldiers started taking things into their own hands because of this by invading towns and governmental buildings.
The biggest incident was the burning of the Parliament building, but karma would soon find its way to the Americans. After the defeat at their previous battles, the Americans went back to the drawing board. At their next battle, one ship was sent out to look for the British. Afterward, Hull was ordered to set out and join them. At the fight between USS United States and HMS Macedonian, the USS ship ran into a ship, thinking it was their own, they remained cautious. Once they realized it was the British, they began shooting. But they were outnumbered. Hull and his troops managed to escape the British's grasp and headed towards Boston. At the next battle, the British fired a cannonball at Hull's warship, but did very little damage. After several blows, Hull and his troops defeated the British. Because the cannon did so little, the Americans named their ship, "Old Ironsides," stating that their ship was made of iron. Outcome of the fight between USS United States and HMS Macedonia Fight between between HMS Faza and USS Constitution The fight between HMS Faza and USS Constitution wasn't any different from the previous fight. Although it went on for a while, the Americans still managed to defeat the British, once again. The British stated the battle was, “too painful for us to dwell upon” (95). •Andrew Jackson a man who was not a man to sit out of a war but in the first year of the War of 1812 he did, most likely because of his age. Jackson who had served in the House of Reps and the Senate had also fought his share of battles for America
•When Jackson decided to join his efforts were left unanswered, He had offered his services to Harrison and had wrote congress volunteering to create an army of fifty thousand volunteers and march to Quebec and did not receive a response until three months later.
•. The Madison administration was concerned about what would happened if they let Jackson loose with several thousand men , so they gave him no assignment.. It wasn’t until October that he would hear of any possible actions in the war that he could take.


•American Commander of the Southwest frontier James Wilkinson was not a fan of Andrew Jackson due to the fact that Jackson had allegedly stabbed Wilkinson in the back by painting him as the bad guy during a trial.
• Wilkinson got wind of when Jackson’s volunteer army he couldn’t wait to order them to be dismissed I order for them to join the American Army. Wilkinson’s excuse for enforcing the order was that the government did not have enough to cover the expenses that that thousand army volunteers needed.
•Jackson would not bend to Wilkinson’s orders and was determined not to lose any of his men to Wilkinson’s army; he decided to use his own money to support the men with supplies for their journey.
•Jackson meanwhile had returned his troops from combat and had received the nickname Old Hickory due to his toughness and father like qualities he exhibited toward his soldiers. Not wanting to tarnish his new reputation, Jackson kindly refuses an offer to be a second in a dual. However, he does enter after countless asking he agrees, the outcome of the dual turned out to be unsuccessful on Jackson’s part.
•History believes that the Creek Nation was forced to attack America by Tecumseh.
•Tecumseh stressed the idea of an Indian Confederacy but many Creek tribes didn’t believe or share any of his views. He stressed the northern and southern tribes to join together in order to go against the Americans.
•In fact many tribes were not for joining forces or helping northern tribes, for example the Chickasaw tribes had traditional enemies in the north and were not going to throw away years of tradition for Tecumseh. Some like the Choctaw were already allied with the Americans and were not going to throw away perfectly good allies to join this idea of an Indian Confederacy.
• Those who agreed with Tecumseh were called the Red Skins and believed whole heartedly in the Indian Confederation- they would be the cause of a lot of trouble.
•New enemies grew, the Creek Nations began a civil war among themselves and fuel between the Red Sticks and the Americans raged on. As the turmoil continued Spanish officials offered their aid to the Red Sticks.
•Word reached the Americans of the Spanish offering their and thus forced an attack at McQueen’s Creek. Although neither side actually won but the Americans took majority of their supplies.
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