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Brassicaceae

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on 12 December 2013

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Transcript of Brassicaceae

Brassicaceae
Habit and Distribution
Habit:
Eudicot. Herbaceous, includes some shrubs, sub-shrubs and lots of weeds. Mostly annual, but could be biennial or perennial.

350 - 381 genera
3,700 species


The Mustard Family
Brassicaceae Family
Vegetative Characterics
Brassicaceae Family
Fun Facts
Brassicaceae Family
Erect
Ascending or prostrate, yet sometimes absent
They are often hairy.
Alternate, opposite or whorled
Exstipulate (without stipules)
Simple to bipinnate and tend to be pinnately lobed.
Veination can be either pinnate or palmate and they can vary in size.

Leaves
Brassicaceae Family
Flowers: sexuality
Brassicaceae Family
Silique
(slender and broad seed pod) or S
ilicle
(broad seed pod).
A two valved capsule with a persistent septum.
The capsule breaks open transversely at the seed bearing joints.
Dehiscent
, but can sometimes be indehiscant.

Brassicaceae Family
Food sources
: There are many garden vegetables in this family, so they provide us with many of our favorites from broccoli, kale, cabbage, radish, turnips to brussel sprouts and kohlrabi.
Oils
: Rapeseed oil has industrial uses while canola oil (a form of rapeseed oil) is suitable for human consumption.
Seeds
: Mustard is also prepared from the seeds of plant from this family
Economic Uses
Brassicaceae Family
Bibliography
Brassicaceae Family
Brassicaceae Family
Contains many important agricultural crops. Sometimes called cole crops or curciferous vegetables.
There are 35 species in the genus.

Food Crops: Brassica genus
The brassicaceae Family
Brassica juncea
: mustard greens
Brassica napus
: rutabaga
Brassica oleracea
: broccoli, brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, kale and kohlrabi
Brassica rapa
: turnip, broccoli raab, chinese cabbage, pak choi, tatsoi

Armoracia rusticana
: hourseradish
Raphanus sativus
: daikon and radish
Rorippa nasturtium
: watercress
Brassicaceae Family
Food Crops
Capsella bursa-pastoris
, sheperd's purse
Thlaspi arvense
, penny cress
Lepidium virginicum
, pepper grass
Brassicaceae Family
Weedy species
Watery, bitter juice and a peppery taste
Perfect
: bisexual
Gynoecium
: Two fused carpels, Superior ovary with one to many ovules and one pistil
Androecium
: Six stamen, four with long filaments and two with short
Corolla
: Four distinct petals, often clawed, cruciform shape
Sepals
: Four separate
Inflorescence
: Raceme (indertermindate), could also be spikes or fascicles


There are two correct latin names: Brassicaceae and Cruciferae, which means cross-bearer.
The foliage and seeds from some of the Brassicaceae family can be poisonous to livestock.
Fruits
Flower: formula
Brassicaceae Family
Other common genera

Distribution
: Mostly temperate. They originated in a tropical environment and now are mostly in the north temperate zone with the most diversity in the Mediterranean region.
Brassicaceae Family
Stems
Brassicaceae Family
Flowers: Form
Brassica oleracea
Nasturtium offcinale
Capsella bursa-pastoris
Eruca sativa, arugula

Sobularia maritma
Raphanus sativus
Erysimum franciscanum
Cardamine californica
Streptanthus cordatus
var
cordatus
Boechera elkoensis
Thysanocarpus curvipes


Bailey, L.H. (1935). The Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture, New York, The Macmillian Company.

Baumgardt, John Philip. (1982). How to Identify Flowering Plant Families: a Practical Guide for Horticulturists and Plant Lovers. Timber Press.

Calfora: information on wild California plants for conservation, education and appreciation, website. Retrieved on 11/20/13 from
http://www.calflora.org

California Invasive Plant Council website. Retrieved 11/20/13 from
http://www.cal-ipc.org/ip/management/plant_profiles/Cakile_maritima.php

Heywood, V.H., Brummitt, R.K., Culham, A., and Seberg, O. (2007). Flowering Plant Families of the World, 2nd Edition. Buffalo, N.Y.; Richmond Hill, Ont. : Firefly Books

Texas A&M Univeristy Bioinformatics Working group Website. Retrieved 11/20/13, from
http://botany.csdl.tamu.edu/FLORA/Wilson/tfp/dil/brapage2.htm

Walters, Dirk R., and Keil, David. (1996). Vascular Plant Taxonomy, 4th Edition. Dubuque, Iowa: Kendall/Hunt Publishing Co.

Watson, L., and Dallwitz, M.J. The families of Flowering Plants: descriptions, illustrations, idenetification, and information retrieval. Retrieved 11/20/13 from
http://delta-intkey.com/angio/www/crucifer.htm

4 Calyx, sepals
4 Corolla, petals
Androecium: 6, 4 long and 2 short
Gynoecium: 2 fused
brass-ih-KAY-see-ee
Full transcript