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Transcript of Brassicaceae
Habit and Distribution
Eudicot. Herbaceous, includes some shrubs, sub-shrubs and lots of weeds. Mostly annual, but could be biennial or perennial.
350 - 381 genera
The Mustard Family
Ascending or prostrate, yet sometimes absent
They are often hairy.
Alternate, opposite or whorled
Exstipulate (without stipules)
Simple to bipinnate and tend to be pinnately lobed.
Veination can be either pinnate or palmate and they can vary in size.
(slender and broad seed pod) or S
(broad seed pod).
A two valved capsule with a persistent septum.
The capsule breaks open transversely at the seed bearing joints.
, but can sometimes be indehiscant.
: There are many garden vegetables in this family, so they provide us with many of our favorites from broccoli, kale, cabbage, radish, turnips to brussel sprouts and kohlrabi.
: Rapeseed oil has industrial uses while canola oil (a form of rapeseed oil) is suitable for human consumption.
: Mustard is also prepared from the seeds of plant from this family
Contains many important agricultural crops. Sometimes called cole crops or curciferous vegetables.
There are 35 species in the genus.
Food Crops: Brassica genus
The brassicaceae Family
: mustard greens
: broccoli, brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, kale and kohlrabi
: turnip, broccoli raab, chinese cabbage, pak choi, tatsoi
: daikon and radish
, sheperd's purse
, penny cress
, pepper grass
Watery, bitter juice and a peppery taste
: Two fused carpels, Superior ovary with one to many ovules and one pistil
: Six stamen, four with long filaments and two with short
: Four distinct petals, often clawed, cruciform shape
: Four separate
: Raceme (indertermindate), could also be spikes or fascicles
There are two correct latin names: Brassicaceae and Cruciferae, which means cross-bearer.
The foliage and seeds from some of the Brassicaceae family can be poisonous to livestock.
Other common genera
: Mostly temperate. They originated in a tropical environment and now are mostly in the north temperate zone with the most diversity in the Mediterranean region.
Eruca sativa, arugula
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Heywood, V.H., Brummitt, R.K., Culham, A., and Seberg, O. (2007). Flowering Plant Families of the World, 2nd Edition. Buffalo, N.Y.; Richmond Hill, Ont. : Firefly Books
Texas A&M Univeristy Bioinformatics Working group Website. Retrieved 11/20/13, from
Walters, Dirk R., and Keil, David. (1996). Vascular Plant Taxonomy, 4th Edition. Dubuque, Iowa: Kendall/Hunt Publishing Co.
Watson, L., and Dallwitz, M.J. The families of Flowering Plants: descriptions, illustrations, idenetification, and information retrieval. Retrieved 11/20/13 from
4 Calyx, sepals
4 Corolla, petals
Androecium: 6, 4 long and 2 short
Gynoecium: 2 fused