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Transcript of The Pancreas
January 11, 2013 The Pancreas What Is The Pancreas? Normal Blood Glucose Levels How Does The Pancreas Function? 1. Diabetes will be a result.
2. Begin testing blood sugar levels throughout the day and using insulin to replace what the bodies not producing.
a. Change diet to avoid sugars; simple grains and alcohol.
b. To live longer monitor diet, insulin levels, and weight gain. What happens when it fails/ fail to produce insulin? The Pancreas A large feather shaped organ/gland located posterior to the stomach and secretes digestive enzymes into the duodenum.
It has important roles in both the digestive and endocrine system it synthesizes and secretes pancreatic juices these juices are made up of sodium bicarbonate ( to help neutralize stomach acids) & digestive enzymes (to process the protein, carbohydrates, and fats in blood)
Enzymes (chemicals) made by cells in the pancreas pass into the gut to help digest food. The hormones insulin and glucagon are also made in the pancreas and help to regulate the blood sugar level. The pancreas has two main functions:
1. To make digestive enzymes which help us to digest food.
2. To make hormones which regulate our metabolism. They act as messengers, affecting cells and tissues in distant parts of your body.
The exocrine function of the pancreas is to produce amylase, lipase carboxypeptidase, trypsin, and chymotrypsin. The cells that produce these enzymes are called acinar cells.
The pancreas consists of two kinds of tissues:
Exocrine -- which make powerful enzymes to digest fats, proteins, and carbohydrates.
Endocrine -- which produce the hormones insulin and glucagon and release them into the blood stream. Anatomy and Physiology of the Pancreas Different Types Of Diseases involving This Organ Diabetes, type 1
Diabetes, type 2
Islet cell tumor