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Transcript of Shakespearean Theater
Productions Preformed at The Globe
Infrastructure of The Globe Theater
Who was William Shakespeare?
The Globe Theater
FIRE AT THE GLOBE
After the Fire
The Globe Theater (also known as the Shakespeare Globe Theater) was not only one of most famous playhouse’s of all time, but the play house where Shakespeare performed many of his greatest plays.
Born to John Shakespeare, a glovemaker and tradesman, and Mary Arden, the daughter of an affluent farmer, William Shakespeare was born on April 23, 1564, in Stratford-upon-Avon.
Shakespeare attended the local grammar school, King's New School, where the curriculum would have stressed a classical education of Greek mythology, Roman comedy, ancient history, rhetoric, grammar, Latin, and possibly Greek.
Shakespeare became a shareholder in the Lord Chamberlain's Men, one of the most popular acting companies in London. He remained a member of this company for the rest of his career, often playing before the court of Queen Elizabeth I.
Known throughout the world, the works of William Shakespeare have been performed in countless hamlets, villages, cities and metropolises for more than 400 years.
The Globe, built by carpenter Peter Smith and his workers, was the most magnificent theater that London had ever seen and built in
The Globe Theater was also reputed to be a brothel and gambling house.
It was situated on the South bank of the river Thames in Southwark.
Not one inside picture of the old Globe Theater is in existence, however, a picture of another amphitheater, the Swan, has survived. The amphitheaters were similar in design, so the picture of the Swan Theater can be used a good guide to the structure of the old Globe.
Antony and Cleopatra
Romeo and Juliet
Timon of Athens
"Shakespeare's Theater." Folger Shakespeare Library. N.p., 15 Dec. 2014. Web. 19 Mar. 2015.
"Background Information on Shakespeare's Theatre- Shakespeare in Quarto." Background Information on Shakespeare's Theatre- Shakespeare in Quarto. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Mar. 2015.
"Shakespeare's Globe Theatre." Shakespeare's Globe Theatre at AbsoluteShakespeare.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Feb. 2015.
"William ShakespearePlays." WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE PLAYS. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Mar. 2015.
The Life of William Shakespeare (1564–1616)." The Life of William Shakespeare (1564–1616). N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Mar. 2015.
"Shakespeare's Theater." Civilization Wiki. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Mar. 2015.
The Globe Theatre. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Web.
Theatres., © 2013 The Shakespeare Globe Trust. Permission Granted To Reproduce For Personal And Educational Use Only., and Commercial Copying Hiring Lending Is. "Globe Education." THE GLOBE (n.d.): n. pag. Web.
Hinson, Amara. "15 of the World's Most Spectacular Theaters." Global Issues in Context. CNN Wire, n.d. Web. 22 Apr. 2014.
Theatres offered people a diversion from their everyday lives by allowing them to enjoy comedies, tragedies, and triumphs acted out on stage.
Referred to by Shakespeare as a "wooden O," the Globe had as many as 20 sides to give it a circular appearance.
The theater has three levels, a variety of stages, and could hold up to 3,000 spectators.
Shakespeare not only wrote plays for this theater, he also acted upon its stage and helped pay for its construction.
The Globe was designed and constructed for the Chamberlain's Men .
King Henry IV Part 1
King Henry IV Part 2
King Henry V
King Henry VI Part 1
King Henry VI Part 2
King Henry VI Part 3
King Henry VIII
Alls Well That Ends Well
As You Like It
Comedy of Errors
Love's Labour's Lost
Measure for Measure
Merchant of Venice
Merry Wives of Windsor
Midsummer Nights Dream
Much Ado About Nothing
Pericles, Prince of Tyre
Taming of the Shrew
Troilus and Cressida
Two Gentlemen of Verona
Probably the first Shakespeare play to be performed at the Globe was Julius Caesar, in 1599. Some other Shakespeare plays first performed there are: As You Like It; Hamlet; Measure for Measure; Othello; King Lear; Macbeth and Antony and Cleopatra. Other playwrights wrote for the Globe, including Ben Jonson, Thomas Dekker and John Fletcher.
Disaster struck the Globe in
. On June 29th, at a performance of Shakespeare’s Henry VIII, some small cannons were fired. A piece of burning wadding set fire to the thatch. The theatre burned down in about an hour. The company built a second Globe on the brick foundations of the first. It was the same size and shape, but was much more extravagantly decorated; the company could now afford it. It also had a tiled roof, not a thatched one.
Londoners of every sort enjoyed the theater! The audience consisted of courtiers, merchants, lawyers, craftsmen, idlers and roughs - all went through the doors together. The richer ones sat in the galleries. Those in the yard were a mixed lot; shopkeepers with their families, young apprentices, household servants, soldiers, seamen, fish wives, apple sellers, laborers of all kind.
A replica was built in 1997 just meters from the original site, with historical records used for guidance.
Though almost identical in appearance to the original, the new 857-seat structure has several modern features, including roof-based sprinklers and a concrete theater pit, as opposed to the straw-strewn one that would have existed in 1599.
One feature faithfully recreated is the roof -- Shakespeare's Globe has the first and only thatched roof permitted in London since the great fire.
The Globe Theater was built with wood from previous theaters built by a man named James Burbage, in Shoreditch in 1576.