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Social & Cultural Changes 1920s-1930s

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Anthony B

on 5 October 2016

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Transcript of Social & Cultural Changes 1920s-1930s

Silent Films and Talkies
.05 cents
Monday, February 17, 2015
Vol XCIII, No. 311
Superman, Batman, Dick Tracy
Skits, News, Sports
Jazz, the Flapper
Speakeasies, Rum Runners, Temperance
The Group of Seven
Social Changes in the 20s
Hockey, Boxing, Basketball
Mary Pickford
America's Sweetheart
Male Fashion - Casual
Flapper - Short hair, short dress, smoke, drink, sex
The Good Times
On the Outside
The ‘good times’ were not shared by all people in Canada. Often, birthplace, skin colour, gender, social class and age determined what type of life you lead.
Women/Persons Case
Had gained the right to vote and run for elected office in 1918
Agnes MacPhail was the first woman elected to the House of Commons
Nellie McClung was the first woman elected as an MPP (in Alberta)
Emily Murphy was the first female judge in Alberta, but lawyers were challenging her authority.
Murphy discovered, that under the BNA act, women were not considered ‘persons’

In 1927 Emily Murphy and four other women - Nellie McClung, Irene Parlby, Louise McKinney and Henrietta Muir Edwards challenged the Supreme Court of Canada…Does the word "person" in the B.N.A. Act include female persons?"
The “Famous Five” refused to accept the decision and went to the Privy Council in England – at the time, Canada's highest court.
The decision from England: "to those who would ask why the word "person" should include females, the obvious answer is, why should it not?"
The official policy from the government was to assimilate natives – to make them white.
- Native ceremonies were banned

- Children were taken and sent to schools run by churches

- Native people were not allowed to vote.
The strict restrictions led to poverty, disease and alcoholism among native tribes.

Many native tribes banded together in an effort to pressure the government to make changes

The League of Indians was an effort by the native people to defend rights.

However, they disbanded in the early 1930s due to lack of funding.

1920s films were a new form of entertainment
1930s - Films were referred to as Talkies
(because you could hear actors talk)
Superman - Created by Joe Shuster (Toronto, Canada) 1933
Superman - 1938
Superman - 2013
Dick Tracy
The Real Life Superhero
Cops & Robbers
Detective fighting against the rum runners, the gangsters, the real life 'bad guys' in society.
as a form of entertainment
Connected Canadians across the country
Broadcasting allowed people to experience the game without actually being at the event.
War of the Worlds
Seven Canadian landscape painters
1920 - 1933
Franklin Carmichael
Lawren Harris
A. Y. Jackson
Frank Johnston
Arthur Lismer
J. E. H. MacDonald
Frederick Varley
Showing the beauty of Canada's diverse landscapes
Toronto Street, Winter Morning
Lawren S. Harris
A.Y. Jackson
One of the largest Group of Seven collections is at the McMichael Canadian Art Gallery in Kleinburg, Ontario.
Creators of the Joker character took inspiration from the character in the play "The Man Who Laughs"
Party Scene from Chicago- Women, dancing, jazz, and trouble
Women who smoked, went to nightclubs called (Speakeasies), had short 'bobbed' hair, drank alcohol, and had casual sex were known as, FLAPPERS. Flappers really challenged and changed society in the 1920s.
War of the Worlds was a popular broadcast from 1938. People actually thought an alien invasion was taking place. This was a new form of entertainment ... LIVE RADIO THEATER! In 2005 they turned it into a blockbuster film with high profile Director Steven Spielberg and Actor Tom Cruise.
Even though Mary Pickford was born in Canada and has a star on Canada's walk of fame, she was known as "America's Sweetheart"
Man of Steel Vs. General Zod - 2013
Interrogation Scene - Dark Knight - Batman/Joker 2008
In this 1990s remake of the classic superhero the creators tried to make the villains very comic-booky.
The make-up artists really tried to highlight certain features typical of comic book villains...
(large eyes, chins, faces and many scars)
Scene from "The Untouchables" with Al Capone - A notorious prohibition criminal and organized crime figure in Chicago.
Many of the products he purchased and sold were from Canada (Sleemans uses Al Capone in many of their current advertisements)
"The Untouchables" - Finding and catching Capone's book keeper, and crossing the Canadian bridge scenes
Sports became popular during the 1920s/30s because it was peacetime, and people had more time to participate in sports
Boxing became a popular sport in the 1920s
The development of the National Hockey League
Visual depiction of Native/First Nation Assimilation
These films were also used as a form of ESCAPISM
(a way for people to escape their problems)
When and why Alcohol became illegal
Political cartoons depicting where drinking alcohol will lead.
Temperance was a religious movement that started in the1920s. Men returning from the Great War often turned toalcohol as a means to escape the horrors they had witnessed.

The main thrust behind the Temperance Movement was to ban the consumption, and production of alcohol, which was often associated with domestic abuse, unruly behaviour, and other crimes.

Women were mainly behind this movement as they were the recipients of many of these crimes.
Historica Canadian Minute - Creating Superman
Historica Minute - Inventing Basketball
Basketball became a very popular sport during the 1920s-30s, and it was invented by a Canadian
Extra Extra Read all about it
Ain't We Got Fun
In 2014, a television show called GOTHAM was released, showing the origins of these two characters.
Prohibition introduced in 1918, end in 1930
Full transcript