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The Ainu - Social Project

By M.J.L.
by

lynda loo

on 22 April 2013

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Transcript of The Ainu - Social Project

General Ainu people were really big into believing in gods such as gods of nature, plants, objects and houses. The term "Ainu" means human. The Ainu lost 3 battles to Kisyamain in 1457, Syakasyain in 1669 and in Kunasiri-Mesasi in 1789. After losing to the Kunasiri- Mesasi battle the the Ainu fell completely under the Japanese. There civilization of the Ainu started in 300 B.C. They were located in Hoakkaido in Japan and they also lived in Russia. In the 19th century the island '' Mokkaido '' which they called '' Ezoch '' meant '' land of the Ainu''. The Japanese came in contact with the Ainu in the 1600s-1868. The Ainu got diseases such as small pox from coming into contact with the Japanese. Government & Authority The elders were the '' council '' and the men were chosen by the elders. There wasn't just one person that ruled but a handful of people that ran the government. They made all the decisions. The women were not allowed in the council but they could be a shaman and they would have some sort of say. A shaman was like a doctor who had a say in the council ( mostly men but a few women ) In the present the japanese took over the government & changed everything. They were forced to be like the japanese. In 2012 the Ainu people just got a '' political party '' Economics Ainu Children were educated at home. Grandparents recited poems & tales while parents taught practical skill & crafts. The Ainu children now are educated in Japanese schools under the assimilation of polices of the government. As a result of all these changes the spoken form of the Ainu language has virtually died out. Food & Nutrition The Ainu based their food on Japanese culture.But in comparison they don't prepare raw meats instead they boil or roast their meats. Their food is still the same today & the same portion sizes. Homes & living The Ainu houses used to be made out of cogan grasses, bamboo grasses, barks etc. The biggest difference was the houses use to be smaller than what homes are now. A house was about seven meters by five and had only three windows. Their lives are much more easier now with bigger houses they can live in. The houses now are warmer to live in, more comfortable, and more safe for weather conditions. Values & Beliefs The Ainu had the belief in soul.The belief underlies what the Ainu emphasizes on proper human treatment of the dead body of humans & all other souls. If the treatment is disturbed it can cause bad effects such as illness or death. In present tense their values & beliefs contain to rid themselves of the stigma regarding there status of neolithic remnants & the idea that there religious tradition is uncivilized. But because they came in contact with the Japanese, their culture has changed. The men used to have full beards & the women used to have their mouth tattooed. Education & social life The Ainu people were hunting & fishing people. This was very important to them, that's where they got most of their food.The men hunted and fished while the women gathered plants & stored food for the winter. The Ainu currency was dried salmon & today their currency is YEN, since the japanese took over their currency rights. The Ainu Should indigenous people embrace
globalization & culture ? We believe that indigenous people should embrace globalization but should not lose their sense of culture. They should keep their values & beliefs because that's their strongest area of their culture. Their government has embraced globalization & has changed a lot throughout the years. Their economics has changed throughout globalization as well, for example their currency was dried salmon, but now it's YEN. Their food hasn't changed but they have adapted to different eating habits. It was a tradition for the
Ainu women to have tattooed
mouths. One of the main dishes
of the Ainu lifestyle. The gathering of the Ainu
& the teachings of the elders. The Ainu lived in
cogan, bamboo, grass
material houses. Ainu warriors. The Japanese took
over the Ainu original
government. Ainu currency was
dry salmon, that's what
they traded with.
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