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Transcript of P1
Gerhard Mitscherlich: Zustand, Wachstum und Nutzung des Waldes im Wandel der Zeit; Freiburger Universitätsreden Heft 35
Kurt Mantel: Wald und Forst in der Geschichte: Ein Lehr- und Handbuch; M.&H. Schaper
Karl Hasel: Forstgeschichte: Ein Grundriß für Studium und Praxis; Pareys Studientexte 48
Hans-Jörg Küster: Geschichte des Waldes: von der Urzeit bis zur Gegenwart; C.H. Beck
Forest Clearance Periods
8th - 9th Century
12th - 13th Century Organisation of the medieval clearings:
manorial clearings First efforts to preserve forests Late Middle Ages - "Wüstungsperiode"
Every fourth settlement had been abandoned (total: 40.000) Wood Pasture Aggroforesty
Haubergwirtschaft Woodland management systems Period of "Wüstungen"
"Wüstung" = abandonned settlements and farmland
(permanent or termporary) Germania Magna Germania Romana "Villae rusticae"
in south-west Germany Romans in
south-west Germany Germania magna Neophytes "Schneitelwirtschaft" Distribution of forests from the 16th to 18th Century:
Ratio of forests and fields hardly changed. Forest Legislation Last clearing period - 1800 Joseph von Hazzi Forest magistrates want to see,
“instead of rident meadows and vivid settlements nothing else but great dark forests. “ "If Germany and the rest of the North want to achieve more prosperity, they can do nothing else but transform their woodland and forests more and more into cultivated land" Aesculus hippcastanum Castanea sativa Juglans regia Settlement areas of the Germanic tribes Publius Cornelius Tacitus "Germania" Movements of the nations during the Migration Age