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The United Arab Emirates
Transcript of The United Arab Emirates
The United Arab Emirates
The United Arab emirate has 7 Emirates.
- Abu Dhabi
- Ras Al Khaimah
- Umm Al-Qwain
... but you knew that already
Do you know the following things though?
Which is the biggest Emirate?
Which is the smallest Emirate?
Which has the highest Population?
Which has the lowest Population?
Can you put them in order of biggest
Using your knowledge of the UAE
do your best to answer the
Copy this table into your work book...
With this information, check and correct
your answers to the first few questions.
The family is the main community in which individuals receive care and attention. This relationship is based on ties of love and co-operation between its members. These relationships soon spread and extended to other families, this forms the basis of UAE society. A strong cohesive society with the family at its core.
A community, then, is a group of individuals living together in one place for a long period of time. Social relations arise among them and they have common interests and goals.
Many years ago "the Emirate" community was made up of many Arab tribes who had came from different parts of the Arabian Peninsula.
The tribes that settled in the UAE originated from the Adnani and Qhatan tribes.
Some of the most important tribes today are the, Bani Yas, Al Qawassim, Al Manaseer and Al Dhawahir tribes. The ruling families of both Abu Dhabi and Dubai are descendents from the Bani Yas.
The UAE is an Arab country, Islam is its religion and Arabic, the language of the holy Qur'an is its offical language.
The UAE society is a close-knit community whose members embrace the family and the tribe. These families and tribes are tied to one another by strong relations based on love, co-operations and mutual respect.
The UAE has held on to many of its traditions
For example, Breeding and racing camels, falconry and rowing are still widely practiced in the UAE.
Many families still picnic in the Oases.
The sense of community is still strong in the Emirates, with friends, relatives and neighbors still gathering in 'Majlis' to discuss current events, pressing issues or just to chat.
Traditionally the Majlis is a spacious hall that had a carpet of palm leaves and fonds.
Now days the Majlis is
furnished with carpets,
cusions and easy chairs.
Bedouin tribes discovered they could find adequate water in the dunes to support life. Oases like Liwa began spring up in the desert.
The Bedouin became experts at finding clean drinking water, as not all ground water in the desert is safe to drink. This is because it absorbs chemicals from the sand which can be harmful for plants, animals and humans.
This water source allowed for the cultivation of one the most important sources of food for Arab tribes living in the Desert.
The Date Palm is ideally suited for the desert.
It can tolerate very high salinity and will thrive even in intense heat.
The date palm is grown from cutting taken from the mature tree rather than the seeds of the fruit.
These saplings must be cared for, being watered every day until their roots reach the water table.
The dates are boiled and compressed into a congealed substance called
This vitamin rich substance is easily transportable and was taken on long journeys into the desert, the mountains and even the sea.
This animal is not only as superbly suited to the desert environment as the date palm, but it also provides for almost all the further needs of its owner. The camel gives the local tribesman his mobility. The camel is his mount as well as his beast of burden, He can ride it to war, to his date garden, to a distant market, a port – or for fun in traditional races.
The bedouin like to say that
"God has been fair because He gave them the ideal tree for their desert, but He has shown His bounty by giving them the Camel as well".
Primarily a means to supplement an otherwise meagre diet, falconry was an integral part of desert life. But hunting expeditions also provided the ideal setting for tribal sheikhs to tour their area and connect with the people. The late Sheikh Zayed, founding father of the UAE, often spoke of the satisfaction he derived from being part of a hunting party.
Today, falconry is practiced purely for sport, but the skill of the falconer is still highly esteemed and the power and beauty of the falcon greatly treasured.
Renowned for their beauty, loyalty, strength and intelligence, the Arabian horse is as much a part of Arab tradition in the UAE as the camel or falcon.
Remarkable for its soulful eyes, wide, flat forehead, pointed ears, slender neck and flowing shining mane, the breed owes much to the discerning eye of Emirati and other Arabian horse owners who have always shown a fine appreciation of form and movement in the horse and cooperated to ensure that a purebred line was established and maintained. Today, Purebred Arabians participate in horse racing at home and abroad and are particularly suited to the sport of endurance racing where Emirati riders excel.
The lulu, or pearl oyster was a source of wealth in the Emirates long before the discovery of oil. Pearl oysters occur naturally on relatively shallow banks (fasht) in the Gulf.
But It is not clear when the people of the Emirates first began to harvest this valuable resource: individual pearls have been found in excavations on archaeological sites that date back to at least 7,000 years ago.
To the people of the Emirates, pearling offered a major, if seasonal, form of employment. While many of those engaged in the pearling industry would return home to tend date gardens in inland oases and herd camels between seasons, there were others for whom it was a full-time occupation.
At one with the desert and its wildlife, the bedu were familiar with the medicinal properties of many plants. Even today local people make good use of medicinal herbs.
Seeds of Cassia italica (he senna plant) are
used to heal any kind of stomach pain.
Seeds of the Citrullus colocynthis (desert squash), are believed to be a cure for diabetes.
The bitter sap of the milkweed Calotropis procera was dried and used to fill aching hollow teeth, while the woody parts of this plant were burned to make charcoal, which was an ingredient for gunpowder in the old days.
These are just some examples, there are many more