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The Nutcracker

Creatively (Kinda) Presented
by

Lisa Schwartz

on 5 March 2012

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Transcript of The Nutcracker

A "Creative" Project on the Ballet of The
December 17, 1892 Mayinsky Theatre
St. Petersberg, Russia
The Premiere
of the Ballet
Although Czar Alexander III enjoyed the preformance, neither audience nor critics considered it a success
Marius Petipa commissioned
Peter Tchaikovsky in 1891
to write the ballet
Original
Choreography
Peter Tchikovsky wrote the music The Nutcracker, Op. 71 for the Two Act Ballet
The Music
March 11, 1818- July 14, 1910
Victor Marius Alphonse Petipa
Commissioned Tchaikovsky to write the music for a ballet adaptation of "The Nutcracker and the Mouse King"
Premier Maître de Ballet of the St. Petersburg Imperial Theatres, 1871 - 1903
Lev Ivanov choreographed the Ballet under his direction and assistance
January 22, 1904 - April 30, 1983
George Balanchine
Born Giorgi Balanchivadze
Trained at Imperial Ballet School
Cofounder and balletmaster of the New York City Ballet
1954- choreographed most common modern version of Ballet
May 7, 1840 - November 6, 1893
Pyotr Ilyich
Tchaikovsky
Trained at the Saint Petersburg Conservatory
Broad creative range- including symphonies, concertos, solos, operas, ballets, and chamber music
Wrote the music for the Nutcracker as Op 71 in 1892
Created 80 opp- three ballets
Greets Clara and the Prince in the Land of Sweets
The Sugar Plum Fairy
Performance of the Nutcracker
by the Mariinsky Ballet ~ 1900
Imperial Ballet
Divertissement
No 12 b
Commodo
Coffee
(Arabian Dance)
Divertissement
No 12 c
Allegro moderato
Tea
(Chinese Dance)
The Marzipan Castle
of the Sugar Plum Fairy
Act Two
The Mouse
King
Leader of the mice in battle against the soliders led by the Nutcracker
Defeats the Nutcracker
Falls when Clara hits him with her slipper
No 2
Tempo di marcia viva
Nutcracker
March
No 1
Allegro giusto
Miniature
Overture
1835 - 1909
Ivan Alexandrovich Vsevolozhsky
Director The Imperial Theatres 1881 - 1898
Brought to stage three operas and two ballets of Tchaikovsky
Designed costumes for both Sleeping Beauty and The Nutcracker
Relocated Imperial Opera & Ballet from Bolshoi Kamenny Theatre to Mariinsky Theatre
Abolished First Imperial Ballet Composer post
July 24, 1802 -
December 5, 1870
Alexandre Dumas
Famous French author who wrote The Count of Monte Cristo and The Three Musketeer
The original ballet was based on his adaptaion of E.T.A. Hoffmann's story "The Nutcracker and the Mouse King" called "The Tale of the Nutcracker"
1871 - 1924
Alexander
Alexeyevich
Gorsky
Student of the Imperial Ballet
Choreographed and restaged many of Pepita's ballets
1919- Created version of the ballet that eliminated The Sugar Plum Fairy and cast Clara and the Nutcracker as adults
1901- 1964
Vasili Vainonen
1930- 1938 Soviet choreographer for the Kirov Ballet
1934- Cast roles of Clara and the Nutcracker as adults
His version remains in the remains in the repertory of the company today
Act One
Original Scenery
Christmas
Eve at the
Stahlbaum
House
Since 1954 this version has been the standard performance of the Nutcracker in the United States
Balanchine’s
The Nutcracker
Various versions of the story have been published since the original version written by ETA Hoffman
The
Nutcracker
Multiple verison of the story have made it to the big screen over the years- some greeted with sucess and others disliked by critics and audiences alike
The Nutcracker
in Film
No 3
Presto – Andante – Allegro
The Party
Scene
The story has become a beloved children's tale around the world
The
Nutcracker
in Print
The Original Production of the ballet by the Imperial Mariinsky Theatre
Dance of the
Sugar Plum Fairy
and her Cavalier
No 14 d Coda
Vivace assai
The Nutcracker has been honored in various ways over time
Russian
Commemoration
No 8
Andante
The Prince
No 7
Allegro vivo
Clara
and the Nutcracker
No 4 Scene dansante
Andantino – Allegro vivo – Andantino sostenuto – Più andante –
Allegro molto vivace – Tempo di Valse – Presto
Drosselmeyer's Arival and
The Distribution of Presents
Royal Opera House in Budapest
First Performance
Outside Russia
1927 Abridged Version
No 5
Andante – Andantino – Moderato assai – Andante – L'istesso tempo – Tempo di Gross-Vater – Allegro vivacissimo
Clara
Home of the Imperial
Russian Ballet and first performance of
The Nutcracker
Mariinsky
Theatre
No 7
Allegro vivo
The
Battle
Fritz' toy soldiers
fight with
the Nutcracker
against the mice and
the Mouse King
No 4
Andantino – Allegro vivo – Andantino sostenuto – Più andante – Allegro molto vivace – Tempo di Valse – Presto
Clara with the Nutcracker
Clara recieves the Nutcracker as a gift from her godfather, Herr Drosselmeyer
No 9
Tempo di Valse, ma con moto –
Presto
The Waltz of
the Snowflakes
Invented
in 1886

Celesta
The instrument
used in the
"Dance of the
Sugar Plum Fairy"
to make its
unique sound
Numerous works of art have been created based on the story and ballet of the Nutcracker
The Nutcracker
In Art
The Mouse King leads the mice against the toy soldiers and the Nutcracker
The Battle
No 7
Allegro vivo
Released November 13, 1940
Disney's
Fantasia
Music performed by the Philadelphia Orchestra
Second section Nutcracker Suite by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Animated pieces of the "Dance of the Sugar Plum Fairy", "Chinese Dance", "Dance of the Flutes", "Arabian Dance", "Russian Dance" and "Waltz of the Flowers"
Divertissement No 12 f
Mother Gigogne
and her polichinelles
No 13
Tempo di Valse
The Waltz of
the Flowers
Pas de Deux
No 14 a
Andante maestoso
The Sugar Plum Fairy
and Her Cavalier
Dance of
the Mirlitons
No 12 e
Andantino
Dance of the Reed Flutes
Original Costume Design
Mother Ginger and the Clowns
Original costume design
Allegro giucoso – Andante –
Allegro vivo
No 6
Allegro semplice – Moderato con moto – Allegro giusto –
Più allegro – Moderato assai
Departure of
the Guests
The Land of Sweets
No 10
Andante
Introduction
No 11
Andante con moto– Moderato– Allegro agitato– Poco più allegro– Tempo precedente
The Arrival
of Clara and
the Prince
No 14 c
Variation II
Dance of the Sugar Plum Fairy
Andante ma non troppo –
Presto
No 15
Tempo di Valse –
Molto meno
The Final
Waltz and
Apotheosis
Clara and the Prince are crowned rulers of The Land of Sweets
No 14 b
Variation II
Tempo di Tarantella
Tarantella
Divertissement
No 12 a
Allegro brillante
Chocolate
(Spanish
Dance)
Divertissement
No 12 d
Tempo di trepak, molto vivace
Trepak
(Russian Dance)
The Stahlbaum
children
Clara and Fritz
Clara, the main character of the story, recieves a Nutcracker for Christmas from her godfather. Fritz, her brother, breaks the toy. It is repaired and the story unfolds...
Godfather to the Stahlbaum children
Uncle Drosselmeyer
Brought Clara the gift of the Nutcracker for Christmas
The doll Clara recieves who comes to life and becomes her prince
The
Nutcracker
with the
Nutcracker
Escorts Clara
to the Land
of Sweets
Full transcript