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child development (1 to 2 years)
Transcript of child development (1 to 2 years)
Context: Family and Peers
-Three out of the five children live with their grandparents
-in Filipino families grandparents are more than willing to adopt their grandchildren
-Children as early as 2 years old in the Filipino family context are not merely playmates to their cousins but rather are treated as sibling
-Children often end up closer to their mothers
-At the age of two children are able to display their different personalities and how they respond to social situations
-children with "yaya"often has relational bonds with them but retains much of their affection on their mothers
-babies are not only biologically wired to gravitate towards nutrition giving entities but also by entities that they subjectively feel can give them love, security and affection
Integrated report: Physical
-Physical development refers to a change and improvement of motor skills
-Fine motor skills involves the use of smaller muscles
-Gross motor skills on the other hand involves the use of the larger muscles of the body perform large-scale body movements.
-children with 1 to 2 years of age reveals that toddlers starts to improve on their motor skills.
-Walking, running, jumping, and throwing of a ball are some examples of gross motor skills
- holding, grasping, picking and pointing are examples of a fine motor skill of a toddler.
-And these points on physical development are just an average observations for children of this age range and is not applicable only to an individual child.
-no two children will develop physical skills in exactly the same pattern or time frame.
-the Sensorimotor Stage is the first of Piaget’s theory,
- infant is trying to make sense of the world through his sensory perceptions and motor activities.
-all adopted children have already developed object permanence where they are able to identify specific things.
-Children at this age also develop egocentrism where all they could care about are themselves and no one else can get in their way. They are most likely selfish on this stage.
-They also tend to seek for attention through their own ways, which mostly often work. This makes them fall under Tertiary Circular Reactions
-They do a period of trial-and-error experimentation
-Early Representational Thoughts, show that children this age start to develop symbols to represent objects in the world
-During infancy they are still unable to verbally express their views of the self and only until they emerge the 2nd year they start to acquire self-recognition
-At this age, children, including the adopted children, are already able to develop their own self-understanding. They find and construct themselves.
-Perspective-taking is the ability to assume and understand another person’s feelings.
-As the children get older, their thinking starts to improve as well.
-For the case of the group’s adopted children, all of them seem to be really smart infants.
-Children at this age seem to be quite attached to their primary caregivers.
-A general notion might say that children exposed to people more frequently get use to crowds, and may be able to develop a fondness for people especially after having succeeded in what Piaget calls the stage of Trust vs.
-3 out of the 6 shows a lesser inclination to people, especially people they are not familiar with.
-2 out of these 3 grew up in lesser-off families and are described to be distant and quiet, and often afraid of strangers. The other boy though can still interact well with others but only towards those that his mother introduces him to.
-The other 3 children, which commonly grew up around a larger family, extended families, grew up with people very much older than them and do quite well when interacting with people both familiar and unfamiliar.
-Children at this age seem to be closer to people who they belong to the same gender.
-From the six cases, most the children seem to be growing, in the psychosocial aspect, quite well especially those whose parents are very supportive and encouraging towards their children.
-the children, those who have been very well provided for whether financially or emotionally grew up well.
-with their family interacting with them positively, it allows them to be exposed to other people; increases their capability to get along with other people, increases their sense of self-confidence and somehow allows the improvement of communication and cognitive development.
Growth and Lag