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Life in the colonies
Transcript of Life in the colonies
The Middle colonies included New York,Pennsylvania,New Jersey,and Delaware.
The Southern colonies were Maryland,Virginia,North Carolina,South Carolina,and Georgia. All the colonies were settled with the permission of the king of England.Each colony was issued a charter(a document that outlined the colony's geographic boundaries and told how it would be governed.)The colonists elected members of their community to a general assembly that made their laws. Life on the farm only nine out of ten people lived on farms.Most families either raised or made everything they needed.Farm families hardest task was clearing the land of trees because they only had simple basic tools.Life on the farm started before sunrise and their chores included cutting wood and feeding the animals. Life in the City In 1750 one out of twenty colonists lived in the city.The heart of the city was the waterfront.People gathered at the docks to recieve news from England. Cities were noisy and smelly and the houses were close together.Torches and candles were used for lighting. Rights of the colonists.
The colonists saw themselves as English citizens and expected the same rights that citizens in England enjoyed.The English people had won their right to partipate in government after a long struggle.A key victory was the signing of the Magna Carter in 1215 which limited the kings power.The next victory was the founding of Parliament(the lawmaking body of England).In 1689 the Parliament had established a bill of rights for the people.One right included the right to petition the King. Crime and Punishments Each colonial assembly passed its own laws of crimes and punishments.Certain crimes such as murder, treason,and piracy resulted in death.While crimes such as theft, forgery, and highway robbery resulted in jail, whippings,or being branded.No group had firmer ideas about right and wrong than the Puritans.They were always on the watch for signs of Satan in people. Class Differences In England moving up in society was difficult.A person's class was determined by their inherited title and wealth.However, colonial America was different.Titles meant little and most people started out being poor.Money set the classes apart.If a person had alot of money they could go up in society. The middle class was made up of farmers and artisans. The lower class was made up of farmhands and other workers The bottom of the colonial society belonged to the indenture slaves and slaves. African Americans The slaves first came to Virginia.They spread both north and south but the south wanted them the most.By the 1700's slaves were living in every colony.Most slaves were brought from West Africa and were traded for cloth,rum,and guns.Some Africans rebelled slavery while others put up with the harsh treatment. Religion Religion was an imporant part of colonial life.Most colonists tried to lead life based on their faith.Church services were held in the town meeting house(the most important building in the community).A "seating committee"seated people.They gave the best seats to older wealthy people. Srevices could last as long as five hours. In the 1730's a movement called the First Great Awakening swept through the colonies helping people regain their faith. Preachers traveled from town to town holding outdoor revivals.The Great Awakening had a powerful effect. It uplifted colonists spirits and confidence in their faith.It lead them to believe that they deserved equal rights. Education Most children in the colonies recieved little formal education.Neither the middle or the southern colonies had school. In southern colonies most families were spread out along rivers.Few neighbors might get together to hire a teacher.Often wealthy planters hired tutors.Older children were sent to schools in distant cities or even to England to complete their education. In the middle colonies religious differences slowed the education down.Each religious group or family had to decide how to educate its children.Some built church schools while others taught their children at home. This is a dunce cap.Students who misbehaved wore this. Leisure For fun colonial children played with marbles,dolls,and tops.Adults enjoyed games such as pool,cards,and horseracing. Colonial Families Colonial families were huge and averaged a total of seven to ten children. Every person in the family was expected to be productive and even though their were many children half of the children died before adulthood. Marriage Men and women married in their mid 20's indentured slaves could not marry until freed however. Food The first colonists in North America traded with Native Americans for food Most colonists ate ground corn in a musk or cake. Meat was a favorite food.Colonists hunted wild deer,rabbits,and birds.Fruit was also a favorite. However,the biggest problem with meat was to keep it from going bad.Colonists used pepper and other spices to rid the bad taste. Colonists also thought vegetables were unhealthy. :) And,that is all Thank you ,
Tiara,Janelle,Briona,and Cierra The movement of slaves on a boat where they were packed together to come to America was known as the Middle Passage.It was extremely uncomfortable and full of feces, urine and blood. This is a dunce cap.Children who misbehaved often wore this. The Puritans were not only strict with punishments, they were also strict with church.The Puritans wrote in books with blue paper bindings with laws for Sunday.These laws were called Blue Laws. In 1647 ,Massachusetts passed a law that required every town with 50 families or more to hire an instructor to teach their children to write and read. One example of the seriousness of crimes is in 1691 when a couple of young girls were accused of being witches,most of the girls were murdered.This period was known as the Salem Witch Trails. just kidding.Lastly although life in colonial America didn't seem that bad,it was.Colonists were constantly taxed by Britain and now here is a video of a few girls badly rapping the things the colonists were taxed with.So get up ,dance,and listen to the song. and here is another video to help you understand the colonists feelings toward England