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Transcript of Eva Galler
The last thing my father told me as he pushed me from the train was "You run. I know you will stay alive, you have the Belzer Rebbe's blessing." He was very religious and he believed this.
Eva's Letter to Family Members
Eva Galler's Education
At that time period most girls didn't go to high school and get a full education. Eva went on hunger-strike and locked herself in her room. Finally, her dad allowed her to go to high school.
Eva Galler's Wedding
Eva Galler's aunt Helen moved to Israel and married uncle Joseph. The children in the Galler's household sent greetings to the betrothed, and this letter was recovered after the war. Yiddish is written in Hebrew characters and reads from right to left: From me, Pinchas Vogel. Dear Helen, What is going on? Are you healthy? Regards, Berele. I would fly to your wedding. I will send you a photo. Regards to you and your husband, Malka. I had a very good report card. I am doing well in school. Malka. The drawing of the man and woman is by Devorah.
Eva Galler's half-brother, Morris, married Dora, then living in the United States, who returned to Poland to find a suitable husband. The couple left Poland just before the outbreak of war. Left to right standing: Eva, then 15, is at the extreme left. Skip two, then her father Israel and mother Ita Vogel. Skip one, Dora in veil with Morris. Then Eva's half-brother Hirsh . Skip to Eva's Uncle Abraham Vogel in hat at right. Left to right seated: a niece, then sister Hannah. Sitting in front: brother Azrael, sister Devorah in bow, then two cousins. Seated in back: a nephew and niece, then brothers Pinchas and Berele
Survived The Death Train
"The first thing I did, I took off my star, I promised myself never again will I ever wear a star" - Eva, 1943.
Eva Galler was born in a little city in Poland named Oleszyce. Her community consisted of 7,000 families, half of them were Jews. Eva's father, Israel Vogel, was the head of the Jewish community, the head of the Kehillah.Being the religious father he tole Eva that "if anyone could survive this, it should be you". Her mother, Ita Prince, was an orphan. The family she lived with was too poor to afford a dowry, and in those days it was hard to get married without one. My father was a widower with six children. My mother was 18 and my father was 34. They matched my mother up with my father because he was rich and because he promised to take in all her sisters and provide dowries for them. She did not want to marry him, but she had no choice. Her foster family said, "If you do not marry him you will have to provide for yourself and your three sisters." It was a business proposition. My mother had eight children. Eva was the oldest child.
Summary of Eva Galler's Biography
Eva Galler and her Sisters
Malka,Hannah and Divora were sisters to Eva Galler.Malka and Divorah used to entertain guests by singing popular songs. Hannah jumped with Eva Galler from the death train but did not survive. The sisters were standing outside of the Vogel house in Oleszyce, Poland.
Summary of Eva Galler's Biography
March 18, 1938: Dear Brother-in-law and Sister-in-law: First of all I want to thank you for the two letters that we recieved. Ten days ago I sent you a tallis as a sample. Answer right away if you received it and if you had to pay duty. It is a gift. I added a bunch of silk tzitzit and they are kosher. For you, dear brother-in-law I sent a nice tallis and you should wear it with pleasure. God should not forget you. You should have a good and steady job and should be able to afford everything, and your wife should not have to work. By now your have heard that Vienna has been occupied by the Germans. Unfortunately, we are dancing at the same wedding. This has cost me thousands of zlotys which are owed to me. I am very nervous and cannot write anymore. Regards and kisses. These are the weeks of your honeymoon. Yours Truly, Israel
Eva's brother and sister were shot and killed but she survived by landing in a deep snow bank. She walked back to Oleszyce and found shelter with two women. Then she reached Krakow but was arrested by the Germans during round-ups. She pretended to be a polish girl. Afterwards she got documents and was sent to work on a German farm. After the war she went back to Poland where she met Henry Galler. They got married in Sweden and moved to New York City then New Orleans where soon after she had three children.
The Famous Rabi
In Oleszyce a little town in poland. in the town there was a famous rabbi, the Belzar rabbi. His house had a big fire, his personal secretary find him a new home to live in while his house is being rebuilt. His secretary chose her house, they had a 2nd house they was going to move into but the mother wouldn't move until the rabbi gave a special blessing. Eva's father told the oldest three kids to jump and maybe they would survive, her father told her that she would survive she because she has the rabbi's blessing.
An enclosed district where Jews were forced to live separate from the rest of society.
The concentration of Jews in ghettos was a policy implemented by Germany in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union. The establishment of ghettos was often the first stage in a process which was followed by deportation to concentration camps and selection for extermination or for forced labor. Forcing Jews into ghettos required their ingathering from surrounding areas and their segregation from local populations.