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Transcript of Tennis
a game played on a rectangular court by two players equipped with rackets, in which a ball is driven back and forth over a low net that divides the court in half.
- Access to a tennis court that is 78 feet (23.77 m) long, and 27 feet (8.23 m) wide for singles matches
- A tennis raquet in which the hitting surface is made of strings, and is uniform and flat. The frame of the hitting area may not be more than 29 inches in length and 12.5 inches in width.
-Optic Yellow Tennis Balls in which the diameter is 65.41-68.58 mm (2.575-2.700 inches). Balls must weigh between 56.0 g and 59.4 g (1.975-2.095 ounces) per the International Tennis Federation (ITF)
-Proper apparel for the weather
A proper warmup would consist of stretches that loosen the muscles in the arms and torso used for hitting and the legs used for running. Also a short jug should be included to increase respiration and loosen the legs.
-Hold your racket in front with one hand on the handle and the other at the tip of the head and then simply twist your trunk from side to side (10 sec.)
-Do ten small arm circles forward and then backward. Next do medium, and then large in this manner to loosen the shoulders
-Then place your fists in front of your chest with your elbows out to the sides. Raise your knees to the chest on the opposite side, twisting your trunk back and forth as you do this exercise to loosen the quadriceps and torso
Ring around the Rosie
-This drill is designed for 3+ kids who then circle around the coach. The coach softly hits the ball to one of the players, and the ball must bounce at least once before the player can hit it back to the coach. The coach will continue to hit the ball to random players. If the ball bounces behind the coach or lands outside of the circle, then that player is eliminated. This drill continues until one player wins.
-Jog gently for 10-20 minutes
-Do a set of hip twists lying down. Bend your right knee up to your chest, and, with your left hand, pull your leg towards your left shoulder. Hold this position for 30 to 40 seconds on each side without turning your chest or lifting your back off the ground
-Repeat your warmup stretches. However, lock your stretching position in cool down, unlike warmup, so more muscle groups benefit from lengthening.
Tennis is a generally safe sport, as there are no collisions as seen in contact sports. However, there is a risk of being hit by a tennis ball, hurting yourself with the racket, or pulling a muscle due to quick muscular movements. Players may also develop tennis elbow, a condition where the outer part of the elbow becomes sore and tender due to overuse.
-The modern game of tennis originated in Birmingham, England, in the late 19th century as "lawn tennis"
-It is believed that the game's ancient origin lay in 12th century northern France, where a ball was struck with the palm of the hand
-This then evolved into what was known as "real tennis"
-Louis X was a great fan of the "game of the palm," and was the first to have an indoor tennis court built, and he is history's first recorded tennis player
-Raquets came into use in the 16th century
-The game's name, tennis, was derived from the French word, tenez, a phrase called to an opponent meaning, "hold!," "recieve!," or "take!"
-Two men named Henry Gem and Augurio Perera invented the modern game between 1859-1865
-In 1872, along with two local doctors, they founded the world's first tennis club in Leamington Spa
- On May 21, 1881, the United States National Lawn Tennis Association (now the United States Tennis Association) was formed to standardize the rules and organize competitions
-The U.S. National Men's Singles Championship, now the US Open, was first held in 1881 at the Newport Casino, Newport, Rhode Island. The U.S. National Women's Singles Championships were first held in 1887 in Philadelphia.
-The world's oldest tennis tournament, the Wimbledon Championships, were first played in London in 1877
-In 1954, Van Alen founded the International Tennis Hall of Fame, a non-profit museum in Newport, Rhode Island
Proper Etiquette & Rules
-If you’re playing singles, you should always warm up with your opponent before your match begins
-Players should always keep a tennis ball in their hand, pocket, or ball clip during a match to avoid making one's opponent wait for them to serve.
-If you cannot clearly tell whether your opponent’s shot is in or out, it’s in. You must be 100 percent sure you’re making the correct call. To be sure, continue to return your opponent's shots , and clearly call it out after.
-Even if you’re playing badly, refrain from shouting or looking dejected in a friendly match
-Servers should not rush to restart each point.
-The court shall be a rectangle, 78 feet (23.77 m) long and, for singles matches, 27 feet (8.23 m) wide and should be properly lined according to the rules of the ITF.
-The racket should conform to all ITF standards.
-If a ball is broken during play, then the point will be replayed
-The outermost lines that make up the length are called the doubles sidelines. These are the boundaries used when doubles is being played. The lines to the inside of the doubles sidelines are the singles sidelines and are used as boundaries in singles play.
- A ball is out only if none of it has hit the line or the area inside the lines upon its first bounce.
A point is scored when someone makes an error, hits past the opponent, or forces the opponent to make the error. The points are scored in this manner:
0 = Love
1st point = 15
2nd point = 30
3rd point = 40
4th point = Game
In scoring, the server's points are always given first. For example: If the server wins the first point the score would be 15-Love. If the receiver should win the first point, the score would be Love-15.
The outcome of a tennis match is determined through a best of three or five sets system. The first player to win two sets in a best-of-three, or three sets in a best-of-five, wins the match. To move to the next round of a tournament, a competitive tennis athlete must...
-Earn a minimum of 4 points to win a game.
-Play at least 6 games to win a set.
-Win no less than 2 sets (at times 3 sets) to close out a match.
-The first step of serving is gripping the racket correctly. Most beginners use the Eastern Forehand Grip, or the "shake hands grip." To achieve this, place your hand flat on the racket strings, and then slide your hand down to the handle. Wrap your fingers around the racket. Your first finger should be forward slightly. Be sure to keep tension out of your fingers.
-Begin with your elbow up and your racket down. Hold the ball in your fingertips, and toss it just in front of your right leg. You’ll want to release the ball with as high a reach as possible, definitely from at least above your head. Release all of your fingers from the ball at once; this, plus holding your wrist in a static position, will ensure the ball stays on course.
-While tossing with your non-dominant hand, your hitting arm should swing backward to begin the striking motion. And, as soon as you have released the tennis ball, begin bending both your knees and your elbow.
-Make sure to straighten your legs, as your approach the contact point.
-As your legs finish straightening, your elbow should be straightening as well. The energy from your legs and parts of your arm is now transferred to your wrist, which remains at a ninety-degree angle to your forearm. That is the energy that whips the wrist forward, finishing the serve.
-This is one of the most basic shots in tennis, and is necessary for every tennis player to know
-You must visualize the correct forehand hit before you make it.
-One of the key points of the forehand shot is a fully rotated shoulder. Your body should be twisted 45 degrees to the right of the ball. And your eyes and head should always face it.
-Your racket arm should be at a 110 degree angle, with the racket straight up in the air
-Now your stance should be wide, with your right leg bent at a 110 degree downward angle and your left at the same. Your left leg should be 3-4 inches in forward, on the ball of your foot.
-Keeping your eyes on the ball, swing the racket while twisting your body to the left slightly, and present the flat racket face to hit the ball with. Try to hit the ball in the center of the racket.
The following image portrays a perfect forehand stance.
-The backhand is also one of the main techniques used in tennis, but not so much as the forehand.
-One of the most important things to remember is that the body should help initiate the backswing on the backhand, and the hands and racket should do minimal work in taking the racket back.
-Turn the feet sideways (left) to begin coiling the torso to the left, this will provide most of the power of the backswing.
-Extend outwards with the arm and racket towards the intended direction of the ball and swing twisting the torso to the right, and powering the shot.
-Present the flat face of the racket the the ball and follow through.
-The following image shows a proper backswing coil (and this player jumps in the air)
Goal: Quickly and efficiently serve a tennis ball
Goal: Effectively prepare for and hit a straight forehand shot
Goal: Properly prepare for and hit an accurate backhand shot
I threw the ball too far to the right.
The ball went too far in front of me.
I missed the ball
The angle was wrong and the ball didn't go over the net
The ball hit the edge of my racket
The ball hit the edge of my racket
As the results on my scorecard show, I was mostly successful in serving a tennis ball, however, I occasionally missed the ball with the racket, or threw the ball out of range when trying to hit it.
My forehand was successful in the positioning and stance. Sometimes, though, I hit the ball on the wrong part of the racket when I misjudged its position.
Very similar to the forehand, I Was successful in the overall stance of the backhand. I mishit the ball a few times.
Modifications in tennis could be made for younger kids, less experienced players, and for disabled people. These consist of:
-Disabled people may play "Wheelchair tennis," where they use specially designed wheelchairs and the ball may bounce up to two times. The second bounce may also occur outside of the field
-Younger or less experienced players could play a slower paced tennis, where points don't count (only in recreational tennis)
-Children of younger ages could learn to play tennis on smaller, child specialized courts, and use different, more child friendly equipment.
Within 3 months I would like to be hitting the ball within the court every time
In 6 months I would like to have the ball go over the net every time
Within 1 year I would like to be able to play a reasonably long match with an opponent
Within 5 years I want to be able to compete in tennis games, and maybe doubles
I am good at putting to correct amount of power behind my hits
I am very bad at aiming because I have bad hand-eye coordination
I enjoy playing tennis because it is something new for me because I don't play very many land based sports
It frustrates me when I miss the ball, or it hits a the edge of the racket and the hit doesn't have any power
Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?
I'm not sorry! :)
And this is the interesting sport that I would like to call...
Thanks for watching!