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Alvaro Uribe+Pablo Escobar

The overview of the teo personalities

Taras Chupryna

on 26 April 2010

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Transcript of Alvaro Uribe+Pablo Escobar

Alvaro Uribe

-Before his current role in politics Uribe was a lawyer, educated at the University of Anioquia, and later Harvard and Oxford.

-Uribe started his political career in his home department of Antioquia. He was elected Mayor of Medellin, the second city of Colombia, at the tender age of 26, but he was removed from office after only three months by a central government embarrassed by his public ties to the drug Mafia. He was then made Director of Civil Aviation.

-In 1983 his father was killed by the FARC activists during a kidnapping attempt

-In 1995 Uribe became Governor of his home province of Antioquia. From that position, his war on the military organizations in Colombia, particularly FARC (Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia) had started. Besides that, during his service, the model for a communitarian state was introduced (citizens would participate in the administration's decision-making).

-A loyal ally of George Bush and Tony Blair in the 'war on terror'. In 2009 received the Presidential Medal of Freedom from the hands of George W. Bush and the former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Tony Blair.

-By his own admission Uribe is a man of the Right, determined to use a 'firm hand' against the FARC (Revolutionary Armed Forces of Columbia), the world's largest and oldest guerrilla army. His electoral platform centered on confronting Colombia's main guerrilla movement, the FARC.

-Was few times times accused of dealing with Narco business and sometimes is claimed to be a close friend and an ally of Pablo Escobar.

-Uribe was elected President of Colombia in the first round of the 26 May 2002 elections with 53% of the popular vote

Pablo Escobar -Was born in a family of a poor farmer and a teacher.
-Since his childhood, he dreamed of becoming a “Robin Hood” of the poor people of Colombia.
-His “career” started after drop from the University of Antioquia, when he could not afford to pay the fees for the study.
-By the age of 22, he already was a millioneire
-Since 1975, he started to develop his cocaine operation
-Personally distributed the cocaine to the US and created a network of consumers in South Carolina, California and other parts of the USA.
-Founded the Medelin Cartel:
During the 1980s, Escobar became known internationally as the Medellin Cartel gained notoriety. The Medellín Cartel is said to have controlled roughly eighty percent of the shipments that entered into the United States, Mexico, Puerto Rico, and the Dominican Republic.

The "best years" :
-Escobar bribed countless Colombian government officials, judges and other politicians, and he often personally executed uncooperative subordinates and had anyone he viewed as a threat assassinated, resulting in the deaths of hundreds of individuals. Corruption and intimidation characterized the Colombian system during Escobar's heyday.
-Escobar was also responsible for the killing of three Colombian presidential candidates who were all competing in the same election, as well as the bombing of Avianca Flight 203 and a Bogotá security building in 1989
- At the height of his empire, Escobar was estimated by Forbes magazine to be the seventh-richest man in the world along with his organization the Medellín Cartel controlling most of the world's illegal market. His organization had fleets of planes, boats, expensive vehicles and a private army. Vast properties and tracts of lands were also controlled by the cartel under Escobar due to the almost limitless influx of cash during this period. In addition to all this it was reported that he purchased two small remote controlled submarines as a way to transport the massive loads of cocaine.
-On December 2, 1993, at the age of 44, Pablo Escobar was shot and killed in a gun battle on the rooftop of his safe house after escaping through a top floor window.

He was sent to a prison which was more like a private resort where he continued to run his empire. On July 22, 1992, the Colombian government decided to move him to a higher security prison in order to prevent him from continuing to conduct his illegal activites behind prison walls. But the plan failed and Escobar escaped before authorities had an oppurtunity to apprehend him. The campaigns against the FARC and
ELN (National Liberation army)
Uribe has stated that the government must first show military superiority in order to eventually make the guerrillas return to the negotiating table with a more flexible position, even if this would only happen after his term in office expired.

His security program is based on a policy of democratic security, aiming to:
1.gradually restore police presence in all municipalities
2.increase judicial action against crimes of high social impact,
3.strengthen public institutions
4.reduce human rights violations
5.dismantle terrorist organizations (specially armed rebel groups, the main one is the FARC),
6.reduce kidnappings and extortion
7.reduce homicide levels
8.prevent forced displacement and facilitating the return of forcefully-displaced people
9.continue to fight the illegal drug trade through interdiction, eradication and judicial action.
The policy intends to achieve these goals by:
1.engaging the civilian population more actively
2.supporting soldiers
3.increasing intelligence capacity
4.reinstating control over national roads
5.demobilizing illegal groups
6.integrating the armed forces services
7.increasing defense spending.

According to official government statistical information from August 2004, in two years, homicides, kidnappings, and terrorist attacks in Colombia decreased by as much as 50% - their lowest levels in almost 20 years. In 2003, there were 7,000 fewer homicides than in 2002 - a decrease of 27%. By April 2004, the government had established a permanent police or military presence in every Colombian municipality for the first time in decades.

The Colombian Embassy in Washington states that, as a result of this policy, the Colombian armed forces would now have: "60% more combat ready soldiers than four years ago; Helicopters which have significantly improved the mobility of Armed Forces throughout the national territory; Attack helicopters ensuring means to be more aggressive in the fight against FARC and AUC; Increased basic combat supplies, including rifles and ammunition; and [has received] significant less human rights complaints against them.

He forced the rebels out of Colombia's towns and cities and back into the countryside, so bringing peace to the everyday lives of many Colombians.

Mr Uribe can also point to success in tackling right-wing paramilitaries. In 2003, he negotiated a peace deal that saw paramilitary leaders surrender and demobilise 31,000 of their men in exchange for reduced jail terms and protection from extradition.

The rebels have tried to assassinate him several times. In April 2002, the guerrillas placed a bomb in a bus along the route Mr Uribe's campaign convoy was using in the Caribbean city of Barranquilla.
The bomb went off, but the armour of Mr Uribe's vehicle saved him from harm. Sixteen passers-by were not so lucky. Three were killed and 13 wounded in the blast.
The president travels with dozens of bodyguards and sniffer dogs.

"I hold no bitterness," he said before being elected president for the first time. "I just want to serve Colombia."
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