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Transcript of China
Calligraphy and painting in China were the most highly appreciated art.
Chinese philosophers, writers, and poets were highly respected and were a key part in the spread of the Chinese culture.
Chinese novels were written about academics, history, or real human emotions.
Poetry expressed a person's feelings and how they feel about certain events.
Steel and Iron smelting.
-Developed in the early 5th century BC and Steel appearing during around 380 AD.
-Using lodestone, which was is the natural magnet.
-Made by worn fishnet, bark and cloth.孔
-Carved chinese characters and pictures onto wooden blocks.
Ships with Rudders and Sails
-Allow ships to go on land and sail with the wind.
Small pox Inoculation
Spinning wheels and silk
Paddle wheel boat
- Helped lift boats up to higher levels of land.
Segmental arch bridge
- Stronger, uses less material.
- Improved printer, faster to use.
-Founded during the Zhou Dynasty in the 6th century by Lao-Tzu.
-Founded by Confucius.
-He didn't write them down, his followers did.
-Are teachings about Buddha.
- Allowed to practice, not main religion.
- Zen Buddhism the most popular kind.
- Built big monasteries where both men and women worked as monks and nuns.
- Described as a simple religion that attempted to provide peace and harmony with the people.
- Courts supported monasteries and helped them gain money and land (became powerful and influenced religion in China).
Invented porcelain , which was used to make bowls, cups, tea sets, vases, jewelry cases, musical instruments, and boxes for stationary and chess.
- Qin and Han Dynasties
-Rough and sturdy sculptures.
-Wei and Jin Dynasties
-Vigorous and graceful.
-Tang and Son Dynasties
-Rich and elegant sculptures.
-Sculptures are also full of expressionistic spirits.
-Not accustomed to surface work or detail, but stress on the feeling and artistic conception implied by imagination.
Qin and Han dynasty
Wei and Jin dynasty
Tang and Song dynasties
Calligraphy was though to be the highest and purest form of painting.
In paintings, the Chinese tried to express the imperfections of human nature and humans themselves.
In the Jin Dynasty, people began to appreciate painting for its own beauty and started to write about it.
Danced as a main component of ceremonies including prayer and worship.
They had music as one of the "six classical arts".
Used instrumental music and singing.
-Made sculptures with beautiful patterns.
Payed great attention to the harmony between their on creations and nature.
Musical instruments they created:
And many more.
Chinese believe that 12 animals represents each year.
Pig-1935,、1947,、1959,、1971,、1983,、1995,、2007,、2019, (And the cycle repeats)
Other Fun Facts
1. Name five of China's inventions.
2. Why did they write poetry?
3. What is one idea mentioned in the video?
Silk became a popular trading item, because only a certain people in the kingdoms were allowed to make them.
Created boat rudders, which was a way to steer large ships.
Also invented umbrella, wheelbarrow, hot air balloons, seismographs, kites, and matches.
used a superior form of bellows (was called a blast furnace) that allowed a continuous stream of air to a furnace to melt iron instead of an interrupted stream of air like from the West (allowed them to melt iron faster).
Deep drilling - drove bamboo poles to drill up to a kilometer into the ground.
Ancient China." For Kids: Inventions and Technology. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Jan. 2015
Carr, Karen. "Buddhism in China." - China Facts for Kids!! N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Jan. 2015
"Culture-china.com." Culture-china.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Jan. 2015.
"Classical Chinese Poetry." Classical Chinese Poetry. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Jan. 2015
"Chinese Porcelain:Stoneware, Fine China, Artworks, Kilns." Chinese Porcelain:Stoneware, Fine China, Artwork Kilns. N.p., n.d., Web 21 Jan. 2015
"History of Chineses Painting."-China online Museums . N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Jan. 2015
"Ancient Chinese Sculpture ."-N.p., n.d. Web 22 Jan. 2015
Chiu Lisa "Buddhism and relgion in China." N.p., n.d. Web 21 Jan. 2015
"Gunpowder Quotes" Brainyquote. Xplore, n.d. Web. 31, Jan. 2015
"Chinese Invention Quotes" Brainyquote. Xplore, n.d. Web. 31, Jan. 2015
"Chinese Art Quotes" Brainyquote. Xplore, n.d. Web. 31, Jan. 2015
"Ancient China Quotes" Brainyquote. Xplore, n.d. Web. 31, Jan. 2015
Spielvogel, Jackson J. Discovering Our Past: Medieval and Early Modern times. New York: Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, 2006. Print.
Bower, Bert, and Jim Lobdell. History Alive! Palo Alto, CA: Teachers' Curriculum Institute, 2005. Print.
"CHINESE INVENTIONS." Chinese Inventions. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Jan. 2015.
"Science and Technology in Ancient China - Crystalinks." Science and Technology in Ancient China - Crystalinks. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Jan. 2015.
"Buddhism in China." - China Facts for Kids!! N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Jan. 2015.
"Ancient China for Kids: Religion." Ducksters. Technological Solutions, Inc. (TSI), Jan. 2015. Web. 21 Jan. 2015.
Yuan, Haiwang. "Chinese Proverbs." Chinese Proverbs. WKU Libraries, n.d. Web. 02 Feb. 2015.
Kites were first used as a way for the army to signal warnings.
Umbrellas were invented for protection from the sun as well as the rain.
-Invented when a person saw a child put a lily pad over his head to cover the hot sun.
Chinese doctors knew about certain herbs to help sick people.
Compasses were often used to make sure that homes were built facing the correct direction so they would be in harmony with nature.
Soccer (football) was invented in China during the Han dynasty and later became popular in England
Fortune cookies are and have never been a Chinese custom - it was popularized in San Francisco by a Japanese - american immigrant
4. What is Calligraphy?
5. What is the animal that represents this year?
Ancient China is the longest lasting empire in history. China started in around 2000 B.C. and ended around 1911 A.D. Ancient China was located in the continent of Asia. The civilization consists of different different dynasties; such as the Qin and the Wei dynasty. In the beginning the lands were ruled by the feudal system. Later, the empire was run by civil service officials who ran the cities, collected taxes, and enforced the laws. Men had to pass exams to become officials. These many empires invented many important tools and ideas that later influenced places all over the world.
In this presentation we will explain the successful empire that China developed.
In conclusion, China was a very proficient empire that thrived in their artwork and literature. Basically, without China we would not have some of the inventions that we have today. Their simple religions allowed them to focus on the growth of their empire while also practicing peaceful rituals from their religion. They improved their empire by inventing many important tools and warfare that spread to other parts of the world and that we still use today. The invention of new kinds of warfare allowed the Chinese to win wars and conquer new areas. With the invention of many tools and warfare came an easier life because it took less time and hard work to use the tools. This allowed time for perfection in art, literature, education, activities, religion, and government, which also spread to other parts of the world. All in all, the Chinese created many different forms of simplicity that allowed them to focus on the perfecting of their empire and a more peaceful life and environment.
To clarify, China was one of the most successful empires because of their easy, long-lasting inventions (spread and boosted the success of many other empires), their simple religions (allowed time to focus on improving the empire while still practicing a fair religion), and their perfection of art and literature (helped them record data and events also). They did not become successful with no work and patience.
"Another important historical factor is the fact that this already simple religion was further simplified and purified by the early philosophers of ancient China. Our first great philosopher was a founder of naturalism; and our second great philosopher was an agnostic."
- Hu Shih
"In recent times, European nations, with the use of gunpowder and other technical improvements in warfare, controlled practically the whole world. One, the British Empire, brought under one government a quarter of the earth and its inhabitants."
- John Boyd Orr
"China's history is marked by thousands of years of world-changing innovations: from the compass and gunpowder to acupuncture and the printing press. No one should be surprised that China has re-emerged as an economic superpower."
- Gary Locke
"I like the fact that in ancient Chinese art the great painters always included a deliberate flaw in their work: human creation is never perfect"
- Madeleine L' Engle
"It is impossible to add much weight with a single morsel; it is hard to travel afar with a single step."
(Chinese Original Proverb)
You can't expect success to happen overnight. It requires patience and the encouraging of hard work.
Real Life Application
It is important that we learn about the success of China in the Middle Ages because:
their inventions, culture, and concepts spread to different areas and affected those areas' success
Many of their ideas are still being used in the areas that they spread to (even here!)
to compare their methods and strategies to those of other regions in the same time period (understand and relate)
invented mechanical clock
created Chinese month calendar
located in Asia
built the Great Wall
believe in one God
useful and easy inventions that are still used today
continents both start with A
have famous landmarks
created famous calendars
both used calligraphy as a high art
invented different instruments
created 365 day calendar
built the Sphinx, has the famous Nile River
Located in Africa
believe in many Gods
Often Confused with...
China can often be confused with Japan for many reasons:
Both in Asia
Similar types of music styles
Both emphasize Confucian values
Both practice Buddhism in very similar ways
Their written languages look very similar
Sculpture and architecture focus on the same concepts and techniques (ex: architecture- pagoda roofing technique)
did u make more flash cards???