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passive

intermediate level
by

simon friend

on 5 August 2016

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Transcript of passive

INTRODUCTION
passive.notebook
Do notebook exercise
If the agent is important (the person, company or thing that does the action) , use "by”
For Example:
Tim Wilson wrote "The Flight to Brunnswick" in 1987.
Changes to:
"The Flight to Brunnswick" was written in 1987 by Tim Wilson.
by
:
Verbs related to inventions, books, film etc

Was invented by/ was discovered by/ was produced by/ was directed by/ was written, etc

Verbs related to crime

Was arrested, was sentenced, was found guilty/ was sent to prison, etc

Verbs related to accidents/ injuries

Was injured/ was killed/ was damaged/ was destroyed, etc
Verbs often used in the passive
Passive or active?
"We don't become adults until we move from the passive voice to the active voice--that is, until we have stopped saying 'It got lost,' and say, 'I lost it."(Sydney J. Harris)
It is often used in business or news when the object of the action is more important than those who perform the action.
We have produced over 20 different models in the past two years.
Changes to:
Over 20 different models have been produced in the past two years.
Business or news
The Passive
PASSIVE
MAKE SENTENCES TOGETHER
WHEN?
PASSIVE!
click for answer!
And...
What would the active sentence be??
I will shoot trespassers...
FORM:
EASY

HARD

EASY


They make Fords in Cologne.
Fords

are

made
in Cologne.

eg. Simon loves Brazil.
Brazil

is

loved
by Simon

She plays football.

Football….
Present Simple
is

played
by her
click for answer!
Past simple
James Joyce wrote "Dubliners".
"Dubliners"

was

written
by James Joyce.

Leonardo Dicaprio starred in TITANIC
Titanic….

ART a/b speaking in partners
was

starred in
by Leo
http://moviesegmentstoassessgrammargoals.blogspot.com.au/2009/09/300-passive-voice.html
MOVIE!
Past/present cont.
Present Continuous
Susan is cooking dinner.

Dinner
is being
cooked
by Susan

Past Continuous
They were painting the house when I arrived.
The

house
was being
painted
when I arrived.

each pair acts one sentence out – half way through swap to *past continuous*

USE PRINTED WS. CUT UP!
In partners, act out the following. Other people guess what is it and make a sentence in passive and active.
EG:

Kissing(Jin is kissing Giselle, Giselle is being kissed by Jin)
Present perfect
They have produced over 20 models in the past two years.

Over 20 models

have been

produced
in the past two years.
3. The government has built a new hospital.
 
_______________________________________________________________
 
 
4. Harry has harassed Hetty.
 
_______________________________________________________________
 
 
5. They have postponed the meeting.
 
_______________________________________________________________
6. A robber has robbed the robe!
 
_______________________________________________________________
 
 
7. They haven’t fixed the roads in Brisbane yet.
 
_______________________________________________________________
 
 
8. They didn’t invite me to the party  (trick)
 
_______________________________________________________________
(WHAT TENSE ARE MOST OF THESE SENTENCES???)
Do on board in teams – three sentences at a time…

 EG:
Somebody has cleaned the room.
 
The room has been cleaned.
 
 
1. Someone has sent the letter to the wrong address.
 
_______________________________________________________________
 
 
2. They have cancelled the dance.
 
_______________________________________________________________
 
CHANGE INTO THE PASSIVE/ACTIVE
-Embarrassed your mum
 
-Insulted your dad
 
-attacked a mugger

OR ….?
Have you ever:
 
-dumped a girl friend/boy friend
 
 OR: ….?
Have you ever:
 
 -burnt by the sun
Have you ever been:
 
 
-burnt the sun
 
 
Have you ever:
 
 
-shouted at a teacher

 Have you ever been shouted at by a teacher
Have you ever:
 
-Asked out a stranger
 
 Have you ever been asked out by a stranger
Have you ever:
Remember:
PP doesn't change!
Future Intention with Going to

They are going to build a new factory in Portland.

A new
factory

is going to be

built
in Portland.


Future Simple

I will finish it tomorrow.

It

will be

finished
tomorrow.


Future perfect

I will have visited 6 cities by October

6 cities

will have been

visited
by me, by October.
FUTURE:
PRACTICE:
Passive newspaper headlines and gapfill

Each pair does one article – then reads it to the class as as a gapfil
Put headlines on IWB so that we can match them
Passive ws2.tif – grammar WS
Passive – different tenses grammar ws
Find someone who? WORK SHEET -- Mingle (notice different tenses!)
MAKE SENTENCES - focus on tense!
GAME:
Someone has washed the dishes.
a
"We have not passed that subtle line between childhood and adulthood until we move from the passive voice to the active voice--that is, until we have stopped saying 'It got lost,' and say, 'I lost it.'”
(Sidney J. Harris)
Our findings will intrigue the world.
Everyone thinks that San Francisco is the most beautiful city in the US .
Bomi’s cat broke the vase.
p
"In general, the passive voice should be avoided unless there is good reason to use it, for example, in this sentence, which focuses on 'the passive voice.'”
(A.P. Martinich, "Thomas Hobbes." The Blackwell Guide to the Modern Philosophers, ed. by Steven M. Emmanuel. Blackwell, 2001)
 
"America was discovered accidentally by a great seaman who was looking for something else . . .. America was named after a man who discovered no part of the New World. History is like that, very chancy."(Samuel Eliot Morison)
a
"Bureaucracy defends the status quo long past the time when the quo has lost its status."(Laurence J. Peter)
Alpesh made the coffee.
p
"I don't care what is written about me so long as it isn't true.”
(Dorothy Parker)
"You know, at one time, I used to break into pet shops to liberate the canaries. But I decided that was an idea way before its time. Zoos are full, prisons are overflowing. Oh my, how the world still dearly loves a cage."(Ruth Gordon as Maude in Harold and Maude, 1971)
p
"In the beginning the Universe was created. This has made a lot of people very angry and has been widely regarded as a bad move."(Douglas Adams)
p
"Fiction was invented the day Jonas arrived home and told his wife that he was three days late because he had been swallowed by a whale."(Gabriel Garcia Marquez)
p
P
"The strength of a man's virtue should not be measured by his special exertions but by his habitual acts.”
(Pascal)
Someone poisoned Simon’s dinner.
Many people visit Disneyland every year.
p
People believe that San Francisco is a warm city.
Write the passive version on the board for a point
I think the students will have drunk most of the coffee by the time we arrive.
Write the passive version on the board for a point
a
Scientists are investigating the possibility of life on other planets.
Write the passive version on the board for a point
Scientists observed the tigers for six days.
Write the passive version on the board for a point
"It has been said that democracy is the worst form of government except all the others that have been tried.”
(Winston Churchill)
p
The young gentleman was later seen by me in front of the gare Saint-Lazare.”
(Raymond Queneau, "Passive," Exercises in Style, 1947)
Some teachers cleaned up the teacher’s room.
Write the passive version on the board for a point
You’re group of 3 must decide. One student (Lucas) keeps score.
Passive or active?/what’s it mean?
DAY 2:
4. To
emphasize
(put importance on) the
recipient
(receiver) of the action:

a. Only Jane was injured in the accident; the remainder of the passengers were unhurt.
(we want Jane to be the subject of the sentence (not the crash) and at the beginning to emphasize her importance)
b. Erina was chosen as best student, and of course this made her happy.
(the teacher who chose Erina is not what we want to emphasize)
You will be met…
You will be taken…
Your meals will be prepared…
You are invited…
You…
Before “three statements” do this:

http://a4esl.org/q/h/vc-carry-lb.html

Make your own quiz questions…
It is used by police to catch speeders?
5. To make
generic statements, announcements, and explanations
:
a. Something should be done about the traffic jams in this town.
b. Patrons are asked not to smoke.
c. It's said that it's going to rain tonight.
(Often, people will say, 'They say that it's going to rain tonight', the they being the weatherman.)
3. When the agent of the action is
obvious
from the context:

I was born in March of '55.
(Everyone knows that it was my mother bore me then)

He was divorced last month
(By his wife)
1. When the agent of the action is
unknown:

My wallet was stolen last night.
(we don’t know who stole the wallet)

Our friends cat was killed
Everybody ___ by the terrible news yesterday.
shocked / was shocked


http://a4esl.org/q/h/vm/active-passive.html
quiz
Now do ws:
Passive grammar and passive grammar2


Write romance story! After simon reads the advice. Make it passionate!
Practice 2
Each group has a luxury package that they want to sell. They must prepare an oral description of the experience for the tourist. For example:
Our package holiday is in Hawaii. You will be met at the airport by our representative and taken to your hotel. Your luggage will be taken to your room for you. You are invited to the welcome cocktails on the beach. All your meals are prepared with the finest ingredients and by the best chefs in the region…
luxury package
Think of household items, garden tools, food, etc.
you may want to focus on activities or events rather than objects, like an excursion, a dinner party, Bungy Jumping, horse riding, etc.
Three statements

Think about these when you make your clues:

What is it used for?
               What is it made of?
               Where is it found?
               Where is it bought?
               Who is it used by?
Three statements
Clues:
It is large and usually white.
It is used for keeping food.
It is usually found in kitchens but also in shops and basements.
It is made of metal and plastic.
Three (or 4) statements
This is a guessing game. Prepare three clues about a person or thing – include at least one passive in the clues. And then mingle and ask…

e.g. for a person

I was born in Australia.
I worked with wild animals all my life.
I was killed by a stingray in 2006.???

e.g for a thing

I’m found deep underground.
I’m used for many purposes, including heating, gasoline and making plastics.
I’m almost finished now, people say I will be gone in fifty years.????
Three statements
Japanese inventions groups of 2, WS

Inventions that changed the world (JEANS< PIZZA)

COKE

Prehistoric man
(FOLDER: Practice 3)
(2ND PASSIVE FOLDER)
DAY 3:
Private practice:
http://efllecturer.blogspot.com.es/search/label/Passive
Listening/viewing and grammer
http://www.englishgrammarsecrets.com/passive/menu.php
Grammar:
(Exercise at bottom of page)
MOVIE:
http://moviesegmentstoassessgrammargoals.blogspot.com.au/2012/11/the-ant-bully-passive-x-active-voice.html
ACTIVE + PASSIVE
http://moviesegmentstoassessgrammargoals.blogspot.com.au/2012/09/angels-demons-passive-voice.html
FILM
Angels and demons - with WS
MODALS
(WS: from practce 1 folder "christmas carol)
http://moviesegmentstoassessgrammargoals.blogspot.com.au/2012/01/christmas-carol-passive-voice-with.html
MOVIE:
http://moviesegmentstoassessgrammargoals.blogspot.com.au/2012/01/planet-51-passive-voice-with-simple.html
Hachiko:
MOVIE:
http://moviesegmentstoassessgrammargoals.blogspot.com.au/2011/01/hachiko-dogs-story-passive-voice-with.html
MOVIE:
http://moviesegmentstoassessgrammargoals.blogspot.com.au/2010/05/surrogates-passive-voice-with-future.html
USE WS in "practice 1" folder!
2. When the agent is unimportant:

The new students’ centre was completed last week.
(the people who built the centre are unnecessary information for the meaning of the sentence)

My car was finally repaired!
GAME:
http://www.eslgo.com/classes/passivemodals2.html
MOVIE:
INTRODUCTION!
Read it and see if we can answer the question!
PRACTICE:
Why Use the Passive?
Read this as home work
http://www.usingenglish.com/handouts/46.html
http://www.usingenglish.com/handouts/152.html
http://moviesegmentstoassessgrammargoals.blogspot.com.au/2013/01/planet-51-passive-voice-with-present.html
planet 51 -- again!
Passive Subject

+
To Be
+
Past Participle

Chocolate

is

eaten
in Switzerland.

Chocolate

was

eaten
in ....

Chocolate

was being
eaten

Chocolate

is being

eaten
...

Chocolate

has been

eaten

Chocolate

is going to be

eaten
...

Chocolate

might be

eaten
in...

INTERMEDIATE PRACTICE:
1000 YEARS AGO...
NEXT WEEK...
100'S OF YEARS AGO...
now
NOW!
10 YEARS AGO
ALWAYS
BRAZIL...
CHINA....
This is what they ALWAYS do...
EVIDENCE!
Full transcript