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Transcript of genocide
Evyn Watts The History of Genocide . Overview of Genocide in the Bible Points to Ponder ~ In the book of genesis, God created a
deadly flood where everyone died except
Noah and those on his ark. Q1: What was your reaction to the video Rwandan Genocide? ~Passover, God said that if you don't honor him and put blood on your door, he will send death to kill your firstborn son. Including the elderly, newborns, children and adults. In the conquest of Canaan, God tells the Hebrews to kill every Canaanite, including the young and old. King Herod slaughters all the males under two years old. And we took all his cities at that time, and utterly destroyed the men, and the women, and the little ones, of every city, we left none to remain. Deuteronomy 2:34 "And they utterly destroyed all that was in the city, both man and woman, young and old, and ox, and sheep, and ass, with the edge of the sword." Joshua 6:21 And the LORD said, "I will blot out man whom I have created from the face of the land, from man to animals to creeping things and to birds of the sky; for I am sorry that I have made them." Genesis 6:7 The Crusades What is Genocide? ~Genocide is violent crimes committed against groups with the intent to destroy In 1944 Raphael Lemkin came up with the word genocide to describe what the Nazi's did to the Jewish people. He took the Greek word genos (meaning race) and the Latin cide (meaning killing) and combined them. Later in 1948 the United Nations Convention on the Prevention and Punishment for the Crime of Genocide adopted the term. In the first crusade, (with the knights included) 150,000 men women and children died. The number of Muslims killed is unknown. In the second crusade around 500,000 people died. including Muslims, Christians, Jews, women and children. The third crusade lead to the death of around 50,000. In the nine total crusades, around one and half million people lost their lives. In 1519 Hornando Cortés, a rich Spanish explorer, took his small army of about 600 men to South America. There they found the Aztec people, and with their muskets and disease they wiped out all 5 million or so of the Aztecs. Around 1619 to 1865 the Transatlantic Slave Trade was intact. In the transportation alone, 8 million Africans died on their way to their new homes. The total number of slaves to die was over 20 million. In 1830 President Jackson signed the Indian Removal Act. This lead to the deadly walk for 20,000 Native Americans on the Trail of Tears. Where from 2,000- 8,000 Native Americans died. The Holocaust
1939-1945 The Nazi's "Final Solution" was their plan to annihilate the Jewish people. The genocide of the Jews had been building up from severe discrimination over the past decade. The plan called them to murder the Jews by gassing, shooting, or other methods. In Belzec (600,000 jews and over 12,000 gypsies killed), In Sobibor (250,000 died in the 18 months it was open), and Treblinka (around 950,000 were murdered). At Majdanek 79,000 men women and children died. At Chelmno at least 152,000 Jews and Gypsies were killed. Auschwitz consisted of three large camps: Auschwitz I, Auschwitz II(Birkenau), Auschwitz III (Monowitz). The total number of people to die a the three Auschwitz is over 1 million. Which 9 out of ten were Jews. Dachau concentration camp was built in 1933 and by 1945 32,000 of the 200,000 prisoners who where there died from starvation and disease. The Nazi's had about 20,000 camps that were used for labor, temporary way stations, and extermination camps built for mass murder. Approximately 2,700,000 Jews died in the camps and around 6 million men, women, and children died during the Holocaust. Some of the worst genocides
in the 20th and 21st century. Mao- Ze-Dong (China 1958-61 & 1966-69 Tibet)
Adolf Hitler (Germany 1939-145)
12,000,000 (from concentration camps & civilians killed and 3 million Russian soldiers left for dead.
Leopold II of Belgium (Congo, 1886-1908)
Jozef Stalin (USSR 1932- 39)
Hideki Tojo (Japan 1941-44)
5,000,000 civilians in WWII
Ismail Enver (Turkey 1915-20)
1,200,000 Armenians, 350,000 Greek Pontians, 480,000 Anatolian Greeks, and 500,000 Assyrians.
Pol Pot (Cambodia 1975-79)
Kim Il Sung (North Korea 1948- 94)
Menghistu (Ethiopia 1975-78)
Yakubu Gowon (Biafra 1967-1970)
1,000,000 Leonid Brezhnev (Afghanistan 1979-1982
Jean Kambanda (Rwanda 1994)
Saddam Hussein (Iran 1980-1990 & Kurdistan 1987-88)
Tito (Yugoslavia 1945-1987)
Suharto (Communists 1965-66)
Fumimaro Konoe (Japan 1937-39)
500,000 (Chinese citizens)
Jonas Savimbi (Angola 1975-2002)
Mullah Omar- Taliban (Afghanistan 1986-2001)
Idi Amin (Uganda 1969-1979)
Yahya Khan (Pakistan 1970-71)
Ante Pavelic (Croatia 1941-1945)
Benito Mussolini (Ethiopia 1936, Libya 1934-45, Yugoslavia WWII
Charles Taylor (Liberia 1989-1996)
220,000 Foday Sankoh (Sierra Leone 1991-2000)
Suharto (Aceh, East Timor, New Guinea 1975-98)
Ho Chi Min (Vietnam 1953-1956)
Michel Micombero (Burundi 1972)
Slobodan Milosevic (Yugoslavia 1992-1999)
Hassan Turabi (Sudan 1989-1999)
Efrain Rios Montt (Guatemala 1982-83)
Papa Doc Duvalier (Haiti 1957-1971)
Rafeal Trujillo (Dominican Republic 1930-61)
Hissene Habre (Chad 1982-1990)
40,000 Chiang Kai-shek (Taiwan 1947)
Vladimir Lenin (USSR 1917-1920)
Francisco Franco (Spain)
Fidel Castro (Cuba 1959-1999)
Lyndon Johnson (Vietnam 1963-1968)
Maximiliano Hernandez Martinez (El Salvador 1932)
Hafez Al-Assad (Syria 1980-2000)
Khomeini (Iran 1979-1989)
Robert Mugabe (Zimbabwe 1982-1987)
Bashir Assad (Syria 2012)
Rafael Videla (Argentina 1976-1983)
13,000 Guy Mollet (Algeria 1956-57)
Harold McMillans (Kenya 1952-1956)
Paul Koroma (Sierra Leone 1997)
Osama Bin Laden (Worldwide 1993-2001)
Augusto Pinochet (Chile 1973)
Al Zarqawi (Iraq 2004-2006)
2,000 Motives for Genocide
1. Eliminate a real or potential threat.
2. Spread terror among the enemies.
3. Acquire economic wealth.
4. Implement a belief or ideology. Who Commits genocide?
those seeking political supremacy
Terrorists The Darfur Genocide started in 2003 and is still happening to this day. So far around 400,000 people have died. Where's Genocide happening today? The Syrian civil war has already taken 37,000 lives. Which 6,750 where civilians. That was as of November 2012. The number is increasing everyday. Syria is now on the the genocide watch radar. The Catechism of the Catholic Church's View on Genocide "Human life is sacred because from its beginning it involves the creative action of God and it remains for ever in a special relationship with the Creator, who is its sole end. God alone is the Lord of life from its beginning until its end: no one can under any circumstance claim for himself the right directly to destroy an innocent human being."56 Intentional Homicide:
2268 "The fifth commandment forbids direct and intentional killing as gravely sinful. The murderer and those who cooperate voluntarily in murder commit a sin the cries out to heaven for vengeance."68 "Concerns for eugencies or public health cannot justify any murder even if commanded by public authority." II. Respect for the Dignity of Persons
Respect for Bodily Integrity
2298 "In recent times it has become evident that these cruel practices were neither necessary for public order, nor in conformity with the legitimate rights of the human person." III. Safeguarding Peace
2302 "By recalling the commandment, "You shall not kill"93 our Lord asked for peace of heart and denounced murderous anger and hatred as immoral. Anger is a desire for revenge. "To desire vengeance in order to do evil to someone who should be punished is illicit," If anger reaches the point of a deliberate desire to kill or seriously wound a neighbor, it is gravely against charity; it is a mortal sin." Avoiding War
2314"Every act of war directed to the indiscriminate destruction of while cities or vast areas with their inhabitants is a crime against God and man, which merits firm and unequivocal condemnation." 109 2329 "The arms race is one of the greatest curses on the human race and the harm it inflicts on the poor is more than can be endured"(GS 81 #3) Q2: Did know that some people deny that the Holocaust ever happened? Q3: Where were the largest acts of genocide being committed in the 20th century? How many people died in each? Q4: How do you personally view genocide? Is it the same as the Catholic Church's view or different? Why? Q5: Say you are a blonde haired, blue eyed German women, with a husband and no kids during WWII. One of your best friends is a Jewish woman, with a two year old son and a newborn. Her husband has just been sent to a concentration camp and she knows she must hide before she gets taken too. Would you hide her and her children, knowing that you all will die if you get caught? Terms to Know Genocide- violent crimes committed against groups with the intent to destroy the existence of the group
Holocaust- the systematic mass slaughter of European Jews in Nazi Concentration camps during WWII
Human Rights- fundamental rights, especially those believed to
belong to an individual and in whose exercise a government may not interfere
Dominance- rule, control, authority, ascendancy
Supremacy- the state of being supreme
Rebels- a person who refuses allegiance to, resists, arises in arms against the govenment
Crusades- any of the military expeditions undertaken by the Christians of Europe for the recovery of the Holy Land from the Muslims The sixth commandment: do not kill.