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5 Major Printing Processes

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by

Isaiah Wilkins

on 31 October 2011

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Transcript of 5 Major Printing Processes

5 Major Printing Processes Isaiah Wilkins Screen Printing (cc) photo by Jakob Montrasio What is Screen Printing? Screen printing is a printing technique that uses a woven mesh to support an ink-blocking stencil. The attached stencil forms open areas of mesh that transfer ink or other printable materials which can be pressed through the mesh as a sharp-edged image onto a substrate. History of Screen Printing. Screen printing first appeared in a recognizable form in China during the Song Dynasty. Japan and other Asian countries adopted this method of printing and advanced the craft using it in conjunction with block printing and hand applied paints. Digital Printing Example Advantages & Disadvantages Less investment cost because there is no machine required. Slow production rate because no machine is used and all of the process are done by manually. What is Digital Printing? Digital printing refers to methods of printing from a digital based image directly to a variety of media. The advantage of digital printing is that it allows you print high quality photographs with no minimum quantity required for an order.

The only disadvantage is that, in order to achieve color accuracy, digital printing can currently only be used on white or light colored garments. Advantages & Disadvantages Example Gravure What is Gravure Printing? Process in which the image that is being printed is etched into the printing plate, and the printing is transferred direct to the paper. Advantages & Disadvantages Quality Expensive for short runs Example Offset Offset printing is a commonly used printing technique in which the inked image is transferred from a plate to a rubber blanket, then to the printing surface. What is Offset Printing? Advanatges:

Quick and easy production of printing plates
High image quality
The plates last for long time

Disadvantages:
Not perfect for short prints run
Time and cost leads to small quantity printing jobs
Plates can become sensitive


Advantages & Disadvantages Advantages: Disadvantages: What is Flexography Printing? Advantages & Disadvantages Flexo Printing is a form of printing process which utilizes a flexible relief plate. Advantages:
Prints on wide variety of absorbent and nonabsorbent substrates.


Disadvantages:
Poor shadowing.

Flexography
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