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Transcript of Gunpowder Plot
Jeff Okamoto The Gunpowder Plot What is the Gunpowder Plot? an act of treason The Gunpowder Plot was a failed attempt to assasinate King James I of England by a group of Catholics. The Plan To blow up the House of Lords.
This would occur during the State Opening of England's Parliament on November 5th 1605 What was the plan? When would this happen? The House of Lords Groups Involved The Plotters- Interrgoated during the aftermath
The Jesuits - claimed by the Government of James I to be ultimately behind the plot.
The Tainted - The members of the Gentry and Nobility who were tainted with er treason.
The Crown - Members of the Nobility and the government.
The Agents - the spies and agents of the Government. Conspirators The Wanted Ones There were 13 main conspirators; Robert Catesby, John Wright, Christopher Wright, Thomas Wintour, Robert Wintour, Thomas Percy, Guy Fawkes, Robert Keyes, Thomas Bates, John Grant, Sir Ambrose Rookwood, Sir Everard Digby, and Francis Treshman.
Robert Catesby was the head of the operation. Guy Fawkes was ex-military and in charge of explosions. The Plotters (not all are shown) What led to this? Brought upon by severe opression of Catholics.
King James I decreed for all Catholic priests to leave England
Conspirators wanted to kill James and put his daughter Elizabeth into power since she was Catholic Why this extreame? Status of Catholics In the Elizabethan Era Just as there was a Protestant Reformation, so there was a Catholic Counter-Reformation. Between 1545 and 1563, the Council of Trent responded to the Protestant challenge by reforming the Catholic Church of abuses and defining Roman Catholic doctrine with new clarity. It denounced all the Protestant "heresies" and set about training a new generation of priests to obliterate them. England was one of the main targets of "missionary" priests. Status of Catholics There was prejudice against both Catholics and Jews in the Elizabethan Era. King Henry VIII was Catholic and became a protestant. he established the Church of England in 1531. King Edward VI was protestant. He died young, and Lady Jane Grey, also protestant, took the throne. Queen Jane reined for only 9 days and was then replaced by Edward's sister, Mary. Queen Mary was a staunch Catholic. She earned the name Bloody Mary for her prosecution of protestants. Mary, Elizabeth, & James Queen Elizabeth was in charge after Mary. Though she was a protestant, she was tolerant of Catholics. The Gunpowder Plot occured when King James, a protestant, was in power. Diffrences in History Many believe that Elizabeth was not actually tolerant of Catholics, and she instead viciously prosecuted them. Mary was a figure head of Catholic rebelion, a she herself prosecuted protestants. The reign of Elizabeth, for this reason, was filled with trechery and betrayl. Queen Elizabeth "Bloody" Mary Conspiracy Theories The basic story of the Gunpowder plot is well known, but many people and organizations have done research to discover and create more indepth (and sometimes wildly untrue) theories about what happened. How did they get the gunpowder? All gunpowder was owned by the government. So how did the conspirators get 36 Barrels so close to the House of Lords without drawing attention? The Theory Some historians believe that the plotters were working for Robert Cecil. They believe that he created the entire plot in order to force James to ban Catholics altogether. Another Conspiracy The Catholics believed that they were framed by the protestants. However, if this was true, why did none of them say this in confessions or before execution? The confession of Fawkes does not mention at all any claim that he was a dupe of the government. Even the only full confession, made by Thomas Wintour, did not mention being set up. Why it confuses historians... Was being set up a true statement? A Simple Plan King James I was protestant. He forced all Catholic priests to leave England. The King of the Play Shakespeare based Macbeth on the life of King James I. He presented ideas that the King liked and made the play relate to his life and attempted assasination. It was a play that only the King could truly relate to. Shakespeare honored the king in this way not only out of gratitude for being King Jame's favorite play house, but also to clear his family's name... A Connection The Shakepeare family had a secret as well as a name to clear. Though they had no direct connection to the Gunpowder Plot, they were close family friends with the Catesby's (Robert Catesby was the head conspirator). John Shakespeare, William's father, shared secret, illegal catholic writings with William Catesby, the father of Robert. Politics Regicide and political murders are prominent in both the play and in King James's life. Both his mother and father were killed and his life was at risk in the Gunpowder Plot. James was shocked by the plot largely due to the fact that the head conspiritor, Catesby, was one of his dearest subjects. Some scholars believe that Cawdor is modeled after Catesby. James' Cousin In real life, Macbeth was a Scottish king. King Duncan was a bad ruler, and Macbeth and Banquo set out to kill him.
In Shakespeare's play, Duncan was a wise old king and Banquo was not involved in the murder. Shakespeare did this because the real life Banquo could be tied back to King James' lineage. Shakespeare did not want to give his family a bad name. Double, Double... King James I The King's Mother Mary Queen of Scots James' Father Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley Everyone has a hobby. King James' favorite pastime happened to be accusing people of being witches. He was facinated by witchcraft and even wrote a book on it. He prosecuted many people who he believed were witches.
Shakespeare included the ideas of witchcraft in his play to please the king, as it was the subject of the king's facination. Toil and Trouble... King James made witch trials legal. He gained a reputation as a witch hunter, even writing a book about Deamonology. He gave a mandate to fight witches.
In 1612, a girl compleately confessed to bewitching people and practicing witchcraft, further intensifying Jame's obsession. Fire burn... In the early 1600s, rumours of witchcraft were manifeted the minds of many in Britain and Europe. Poor living conditions resultefd in many unfortunate early deaths. However, if the deceased had been cursed, or threatened by a common person, the death was attributed to witchcraft in 99% of cases. Caldron bubble.... If a person in Britian was found guilty of witchcraft they would be sentenced to be hung.
Needles were used to determine if the ‘witch’ was insensitive to pain. These insensitive places were believed to be the where the witch’s demon had sucked her blood. Another way witchcraft was decided was the litteral sink or swim method. The floaters were determined as witches, and the sinkers were innocent.
England used the system of hanging, in Scotland witches were burned at the stake. Witches & Macbeth Witches A Book by a King The Gunpowder plot brought ideas and inspiration to Shakespeare as he produced Macbeth. This real-life platform allowed Shakespeare to branch off of the deception and treason displayed by the conspirators. By writing about the Gunpowder plot, Shakespeare pleased King James I and their acting troupe subsequently became The King’s men. The First Connection The Final Ties Shakespeare’s goal in writing Macbeth was connecting it to King James’ life. He wrote about a subject that only the King himself could relate. The story touches on witchcraft, treason, and murder. It elevated James’ already arrogant ego and pleased him greatly. In addition to being an amazing play, Macbeth cleared the Shakespeare family name from any connection to treason.