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hindrances to girl education
Transcript of hindrances to girl education
Tessy Oti WHAT HINDERS EDUCATING GIRLS TO REDUCE
POVERTY IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES? INTRODUCTION GIRL EDUCATION-
LIFETIME DEVELOPMENT HINDRANCES Impediments, Implications, Recommendations Gender socialization
Sexual and gender based violence
Domestic labour (household chores)
Education for boys more highly valued
IMPEDIMENTS Low income families (lack of tuition and basic school supplies)
Child labour (especially with girls)
Future employment opportunities (Worldwide women earn 30-60% of men's earning from comparative jobs)
Lack of credit facilities to mothers
Insufficient budgetary allocation to education sector
Ineffective policies and laws to enforce education of girls PHYSICAL
IMPEDIMENTS Long distance from homes to school
Inadequate hygienic sanitation facilities e.g. during menstruation
Lack of food and water HEALTH SOCIAL ECONOMIC Improved hygiene and sanitation
Controlling spread of communicable diseases
Improved reproductive health IMPLICATIONS
“Absolute poverty is a condition characterized by severe deprivation of basic human needs, including food, safe drinking water, sanitation facilities, health, shelter, education and information. It depends not only on income but also on access to social services.”
Copenhagen Declaration of the World Summit for Social Development “The aim of education should be to teach us rather how to think than what to think, to improve our minds so as to enable us to think for ourselves. Instead of loading our memories with the thoughts of other men.” Bill Beattie The Real Question is Why NOT?
Girls are agents of change
People assume girls are being reached
The long-term cost of excluding girls is high (cc) photo by medhead on Flickr POVERTY EDUCATION Why a GIRL? ISLAMIC VIEWS:
No segregation by gender
Lack of female teachers
Gender sensitive workplaces
Religious misinterpretations In majority of developing countries, girls constitute about 57% of out-of-school children (UNESCO) Source: Department for International Development (2005) Distribution of girls out of school in Department for International Development 25 priority countries EDUCATION SYSTEM "Educated mothers are 50% more likely to immunise their children and when more girls are educated, a country's malnutrition & HIV rates decline" (UNGEI, The Council on Foreign Relations) "250 million adolescent girls live in poverty" (Girl Effect) Out of 163 million illiterate youth, 63% are females (10x10act.org) "If nothing changes there will be 37,000 child marriages per day, leading 142million by 2020" (UNFPA) "$1 in the hands of a woman is on average worth $10 in a man's" (Population Council) "A country's GDP increases on an average of 3% when 10% or more girls go to school" (Council on Foreign Relations) When females farmers are educated, crop yields rise (Food Policy) Liberty, freewill and innovation
Increased number of female role models Increased household income
Increased per capita economic growth
Expansion of job opportunities in context to curriculum
Reduced child labour and exploitation