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QUEER THEORY AND GOTHIC IN POE'S DETECTIVE STORIES

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by

Ignacio Gonzalez Linares

on 5 June 2014

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Transcript of QUEER THEORY AND GOTHIC IN POE'S DETECTIVE STORIES

5.1 CHARACTERS: THE NARRATOR
- THE "ANONYMOUS" NARRATOR TELLS THE STORY IN 1ST PERSON (NOT OMNISCIENT). THERE ARE NOT KNOWLEDGE ABOUT HIS AGE, GENDER, PROCEDENCE OR PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION.
6. CONCLUSION
7.REFERENCES
• Baym, Nina et al.(ed) “The Norton Anthology of American Literature”. 3rd ed. Volume I. New York: Norton, 1985-1989. Print.
• Edgar Allan Poe, “The Murders in the Rue Morgue” (Text-F), ¬The Works of the Late Edgar Allan Poe¬ (1850), 1:178-212. Web. 19 Jan 2010. http://www.eapoe.org/works/tales/morguef.htm
• Edgar Allan Poe, “The Mystery of Marie Roget” (Text-D), ¬The Works of the Late Edgar Allan Poe¬ (1850), 1:213-261. Web. 20 Jan 2010. http://www.eapoe.org/works/tales/rogetd.htm
• Edgar Allan Poe, “The Purloined Letter” (Text-D), ¬The Works of the Late Edgar Allan Poe¬ (1850), 1:262-280. Web. 20 Jan 2010. http://www.eapoe.org/works/tales/plttrd.htm
• Hallqvist, Christoffer.”Writings in the Southern Literary Messenger”. Qrisse’s Edgar Allan Poe Pages. Web. 7 Feb. 2006 <http://www.poedecoder.com/Qrisse/bio/messenger.php#gothic>
• Halttunen, Karen. Murder Most Foul: The Killer and the American Gothic Imagination. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 1998. Print.
• Lealand S., Person. “Queer Poe: The Tell-Tale Heart of His Fiction”. Poe Studies, Vol.41, 2008. Print.
• Lemay, J. A. Leo. “The Psychology of “The Murders in the Rue Morgue””. University of Delaware. American Literature, vol. 54, no. 2 (1982), 165-66. Print.
• Mabbott, Thomas Ollive . “The Man of the Crowd”. The Collected Works of Edgar Allan Poe- Vol. II: Tales and Sketches (1978): 505-518. Web. 2 August 2012. http://www.eapoe.org/works/mabbott/tom2t042.htm
• Morland, Iain and Willox, Annabelle, eds. Queer Theory: Readers in Cultural Criticism. Hampshire and New York: Palgrave MacMillan, 2005. Print.
• Philips, Amy. The Grotesque of Gothic: From Poe to the Present. University of Georgia, Fall 2007. Print.
• Smith, Nicole. “Gothic Qualities in the Works of Poe”. ArticleMyriad . Wec. 6 Dec. 2011. < http://www.articlemyriad.com/gothic-qualities-works-poe/>
• Stadler, Gustavus T. “Poe and Queer Studies”. Volume 33, Part 1-2, pages 19-22. 2000. Print.
• Valocchi, Stephen. Not Yet Queer Enough: The Lessons of Queer Theory for the Sociology of Gender and Sexuality. Trinity College, Hartford, Connecticut: Gender and Society, Vol.19. Wec. Dec. 2005 pag. 750-770. <https://my.alliant.edu/ICS/icsfs/Valocchi-NotYetQueerEnoughTheLessonsofQueerTheoryf.pdf?target=ae6304ee-e0fc-4d42-91cd-c67cef3718cd>

5.2 SETTINGS
- GOTHIC ENVIRONMENTS--> THEY GIVE THE STORIES AN ATMOSPHERE OF DARKNESS, MYSTERY AND TERROR.
QUEER THEORY AND GOTHIC IN POE'S DETECTIVE STORIES
INDEX OF CONTENTS:

1. DEFINITION, JUSTIFICATION AND LOCATION OF THE TOPIC OF THE BACHELLOR’S DEGREE THESIS WITHIN ENGLISH STUDIES.
2. OBJECTIVES OF THE WORK.
3. SPECIFICATION OF THE THEORETICAL FRAME AND THE METHODOLOGY EMPLOYED TO TACKLE THE OBJECT OF STUDY.
3.1 THEORETICAL FRAME.
3.1.1 DETECTIVE STORIES.
3.1.2 QUEER THEORY.
3.1.3 GOTHIC
3.1.4 METHODOLOGY.
4. DESCRIPTION OF THE CORPUS USED.
5. ANALYSIS
5.1 CHARACTERS
5.2 SETTINGS.
6. CONCLUSIONS.
7. BIBLIOGRAPHIC REFERENCES FROM THE MENTIONED WORKS.
1. DEFINITION, JUSTIFICATION AND LOCATION OF THE BACHELLOR'S DEGREE THESIS WITHIN ENGLISH STUDIES
This B.A. Thesis deals with the analysis of Edgar Allan Poe’s gothic elements in his detective stories from the perspective of Queer Theory. The work of E.A. Poe is part of the curriculum of the Degree on English Studies that is covered in the subject Literatura Norteamericana I (American Literature I), which is taught in the fifth semester. The theoretical frame used for my analysis includes Queer Theory, which is covered throughout the subject Género y Literatura en Lengua Inglesa in the seventh semester and North American Gothic, which is studied in Literatura Norteamericana I in the fifth semester of the Degree on English Studies.

The three stories chosen as the corpus of this study are
The Murders in the Rue Morgue (1841), The Mystery of Marie Roget (1842-3)
and
The Purloined Letter (1844).


2. OBJECTIVES OF THE WORK
- TO EXPLORE THE SUGGESTED HOMOSEXUALITY BETWEEN THE MAIN CHARACTER (MR. DUPIN) AND THE NARRATOR.
- THIS STUDY AS A GOTHIC COMPONENT, WHICH MIGHT PORTAY THIS RELATIONSHIP FROM A HOMOPHOBIC PERSPECTIVE.
3. SPECIFICATION OF THE THEORETICAL FRAME AND THE METHODOLOGY EMPLOYED TO TACKLE THE OBEJCT OF STUDY.
IT INCLUDES: THE LITERARY GOTHIC, THE CONVENTIONS OF DETECTIVE STORIES AND QUEER THEORY.
PREVIOUS STUDIES:
- MABOTT: ANALYZED
THE MAN OF THE CROWD
, WHICH SEES SUCH A RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE PROTAGONIST AND THE MAN THAT IS BEING FOLLOWED.
- LEALAND S. PERSON'S FOUND MANY PSYCHOLOGICAL ITEMS THAT SUGGEST A HOMOPHOBIC APPROACH
4. DESCRIPTION OF THE CORPUS USED.
- IT CONSISTS ON:
-“THE MURDERS IN THE RUE MORGUE”, APRIL 1841 IN
GRAHAM'S MAGAZINE
(PHILADELPHIA).
-“THE MYSTERY OF MARIE ROGET”, NOV./DEC. 1842 AND FEB. 1843 IN
LADIES' COMPANION
(NEW YORK).
-“THE PURLOINED LETTER”, 1844 IN
THE GIFT
(PHILADELPHIA).
- THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE CHARACTERS AND THE ENVIRONMENT--> GOTHIC (DARK, CREEPY AND WITH A TOUCH OF MYSTICISM).
- ENOUGH ELEMENTS TO PROVE THIS RELATIONSHIP AS HOMOPHOBIC AND ALSO, SIGNS OF HOMOEROTICISM.
- POE'S AMBIGUITY, REPRESENTED IN THE SEXUAL ORIENTATION OF THE CHARACTERS AND OTHER ELEMENTS.
-“I FELT MY SOUL
ENKINDLED
”.
-"MY ASTONISHMENT WAS
PROFOUND

AND
“I
STARED AT
THE SPEAKER IN MUTE ASTONISHMENT”
-“I QUIETLY FELL; GIVING MYSELF UP TO HIS WILD WHIMS WITH A PERFECT ABANDON”
(THE MURDERS IN THE RUE MORGUE).
-
“OUR FIRST MEETING WAS AT AN
OBSCURE
LIBRARY IN THE RUE MONTMARTRE, WHERE THE ACCIDENT OF OUR BOTH BEING IN SEARCH OF THE SAME VERY RARE AND VERY REMARKABLE VOLUME, BROUGHT US INTO
CLOSER COMMUNION
. WE SAW EACH OTHER
AGAIN AND AGAIN
”.

-
“IT WAS A FREAK OF FANCY IN MY FRIEND (
FOR WHAT ELSE SHALL I CALL IT?
) TO BE
ENAMORED
OF
THE NIGHT
FOR HER OWN SAKE”,
5.1 CHARACTERS: DUPIN
-
“AS
THE STRONG MAN
EXULTS IN HIS PHYSICAL ABILITY, DELIGHTING IN SUCH EXERCISES AS CALL HIS MUSCLES INTO ACTION, SO GLORIES
THE ANALYST
IN THAT MORAL ACTIVITY
WHICH DISENTANGLES”
(THE MURDERS IN THE RUE MORGUE)
.

- “I PREPARED MYSELF WITH
A PAIR OF GREEN SPECTACLES

(THE PURLOINED LETTER).

- “WORE WINDOWS IN THEIR BOSSOMS,AND WAS WONT TO FOLLOW UP SUCH ASSERTIONS BY DIRECT AND VERY STARTLING PROOFS OF HIS
INTIMATE
KNOWLEDGE OF MY OWN”
(THE MURDERS...).

- “INDEED THE LOCALITY OF
OUR
RETIREMENT HAD BEEN CAREFULLY KEPT A SECRET FROM MY OWN FORMER ASSOCIATES; AND IT HAD BEEN MANY YEARS SINCE DUPIN HAD CEASED TO KNOW OR TO BE KNOWN IN PARIS.
WE EXISTED WITHIN OURSELVES ALONE”.
- " A RETIRED AND DESOLATE PORTION OF THE FAUBOURGH ST. GERMAIN"
AND
"
WORE WINDOWS IN THEIR BOSOMS
".
- : “AT THE FIRST DAWN OF THE MORNING WE CLOSED ALL THE MASSY SHUTTERS OF OUR [...] GHASTLIEST AND FEEBLEST OF RAYS. BY THE AID OF THESE WE THEN BUSIED OUR SOULS IN DREAMS — READING, WRITING, OR CONVERSING, UNTIL WARNED BY THE CLOCK OF THE ADVENT OF THE
TRUE DARKNESS.

- "TO ANY
CASUAL OBSERVER
" , "OUR
SECLUSION
WAS PERFECT"
AND
"WE SHOULD HAVE BEEN REGARDED AS
MADMEN"
.
- "WE ADMITTED
NO VISITORS
"
THANKS FOR YOUR ATTENTION
- "I READILY
FELL IN WITH HIS HUMOR
"
AND
"“WE GAVE THE FUTURE TO THE WINDS, AND SLUMBERED TRANQUILLY IN THE PRESENT,
WEAVING THE DULL WORLD AROUND US INTO DREAMS”,.
-

GROTESQUE
MANSION, LONG DESERTED THROUGH
SUPERSTITIONS
INTO WHICH WE DID NOT INQUIRE, AND TOTTERING TO
ITS FALL
IN A RETIRED AND DESOLATE PORTION OF THE FAUBOURG ST. GERMAIN”.
-
Full transcript