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Geography Performance Task- Changi

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alex thegreat

on 15 September 2010

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Transcript of Geography Performance Task- Changi

CHANGI Content Information on Changi
past, present and future land uses of changi
>The Changes
>Changi international airport
>History: Changi prison and chapel
Our views & Recents news
NE messages maps of changi PAST map of changi showing baracks of the past
Most of Changi was reclaimed from the sea. Large-scale land reclamation has been undertaken in different parts of Singapore since the 1960s. This is necessary because of the small size of the country and the rising demand for more land as the population increases.

In the early years, the fill materials evacuated from the hills in Bedok, Siglap, Tampines and Jurong were used for filling the reclamation areas. In recent years, sea sand obtained from the seabed is the main source of fill materials for reclamation. The reclamation contractors import the fill materials from the neighbouring countries such as Indonesia.
changi is an eastern area at one end of singapore The airport was constructed at the tip of the main island at Changi and required an extensive land reclamation project.

Land reclamation works involved the use of over 52,000,000m³ of landfill and seafill. Around 2km² of swamp land was cleared and filled with 12,000,000m³ of earth from the hills nearby and a further 40,000,000m³ of sand were used to fill up the seabed, creating half of the airport's total land area. Land reclamation was carried out by PentaOcean Construction of Japan.

PentaOcean is also doing some works at marina bay currently. More land has been made available for:
Building more homes in private and public housing estates
Recreational facilities for the growing population
Expanding commercial and industrial activities and transport needs (roads, expressways, the Mass Rapid Transit System, the port and airport facilities).
benefits land use planning
zoning

To optimize the varying competing land uses and also to attempt to integrate environment and development.
FUTURE Located on a 41ha site near Changi Airport, it is expected to cost between $200 million and $300 million. It will be completed in late 2011 and operate on a 30-year lease.

Proposals feature race tracks of about 4km long, grandstands for at least 8,000 spectators and auto workshop facilities. One proposal that aims to create a family and tourist destination includes video arcades, a 120-room three-star hotel, a museum and beach activities. Changi Motorsports Hub a proposal for the hub motorsports hub new terminal 4 expansion of budget terminal new hotels
Singapore’s first meeting-branded international chain hotel soft-opened in May offering event planners meeting spaces and the services of its signature Crowne Meetings director.

The first event at the property was a L’Oreal meeting in July for 60 people booked out of Hong Kong.

These delegates did not have to worry about the roar of aircraft interrupting their meetings or their beauty sleep. General manager, Mr Mark Winterton, assured TTGmice the entire hotel was soundproofed to the highest level. Crowne Plaza (near Changi Airport) extracted from: http://ttgmice.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=3010 private luxury
condos Meanwhile, a project to develop the site at a former commando headquarters at Fairy Point Hill into a hotel is ongoing. The first phase of that development is expected to be completed by the end of this year. What is in Changi?

1. Singapore Changi Aiport
2. Changi Air Base
3. Changi Naval Base
4. Changi Prison
5. Changi Point Ferry Terminal
6. Changi Ferry Terminal
7. Japanese Prisoner of War Camp (in the past)
8. Singapore Prison Chapel
9. International and Public Schools
10. Flats
11. RAF
12. Changi Beach Walk
13 .Changi Beach
14. Changi Village
15. Golf Club
16. Coastal broadwalk Mahina Azeem(9) Ho Pei Ning(10) Huang Yixuan(11) Juliana(12) why was changi chosen to build Changi Airport? This area was chosen because:

1. Land could be reclaimed from both swamp and sea and thus not use any of the valuable land in Singapore

2. Noise pollution from landing aircraft was minimised by the aircraft approach being over the sea.
Changi airport began operating in 1955. It is the 3rd airport built by the Singaporean Government, after Kallang airport and Seletar airport.
Land reclamation Land Reclamation
Singapore has on-going land reclamation projects with earth obtained from

Hills
Seabed
Neighbouring countries.
acknowledgements http://www.airport-technology.com/projects/changi
http://infopedia.nl.sg/articles/SIP_245_2004-12-15.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Changi_Village
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Changi_Boardwalk
http://www.streetdirectory.com/travel_guide/singapore/beaches/347/changi_beach_a_reminder_of_the_japanese_occupation.php
http://www.fotobyimran.com/images/20071205015008_scan-071203-0001_lo_res.jpg
http://blogofsorts.files.wordpress.com/2008/12/dscn00011.jpg
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Changi_Beach_Park
http://www.singaporelasertag.com/images/Changi-Beach-Park-Map.gif
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Singapore_Changi_Airport
www.wildshores.blogspot.com
http://ttgmice.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=3010
www.onemap.com
www.google.maps.com
discovery channel- man made marvels
www.google.images.com
www.straitstimes.com
http://www.channelnewsasia.com/stories/singaporelocalnews/view/1045522/1/.html
http://www.todayonline.com/Business/EDC100723-0000070/Changi-sees-17-rise-in-passengers
http://www.todayonline.com/Singapore/EDC100714-0000118/Changi-passenger-traffic-up-17
http://www.todayonline.com/Sports/EDC100714-0000102/Rev-around-the-clock
http://www.todayonline.com/Singapore/EDC100731-0000079/Tourism-hits-a-new-high-here
http://www.cai.sg/brochure/newsletter002.pdf
http://www.arinc.com/downloads/product_collateral/changi_airport_article.pdf
http://www.ameinfo.com/135606.html
http://www.futuregov.asia/articles/2010/mar/18/unlocking-efficiency-changi-prison/




changi airport
Singapore Changi Airport is the main airport in Singapore.
It is about 17.2 kilometres (10.7 mi) north-east from the commercial centre in Changi, on a 13 square kilometres (5.0 sq mi) site.
Changi Airport currently has five terminals, T1, T2, T3, JetQuay CIP Terminal and Budget Terminal.
Changi Airport has two parallel runways, each 60 m wide and 4,000 m long.
One of the runway was built completely on reclaimed land. 
A new parallel, opened in 2004 is currently used only by Republic of Singapore Air Force aircraft as part of Changi Airbase (East).
This runway is expected to be extended and eventually be turned into a third runway for the airport in future expansion plans.
changi beach The Changi Beach Park is located at the northeastern tip of Singapore.
It is 28-hectare and is one of the oldest coastal parks in Singapore, retaining the “kampung” or village atmosphere of the 60‘s and 70’s.
The park is approximately 3.3 km long.
It was the site for the massacre of 66 Chinese men by the Japanese soldiers CHANGI VILLAGE Changi Village is a village at the north-eastern end of Singapore.
The Government is trying to revive the "ghost town".

What is found in Changi Village?
Hotel
Bus Terminal
Ferry Terminal
Hawker Centre
Sea Sports Club
Walkway to Changi Beach
Changi Broadwalk The Changi Boardwalk consists of six distinct sections:
Sunset Walk
Kelong Walk
Cliff Walk
Sailing Point Walk
Beach Walk
Creek Walk
The Changi Boardwalk is a 1.2 km boardwalk. It was conceptualized by the Urban Redevelopment Authority.
The first phase started on 2001 and was completed on 2003, costing S$3.5 million.
The second phase was completed in five stages from 2004 to 2006. The total cost was about S$16.7 million.

Changi Prison history of changi prison First prison and POW camp
Changi Prison was constructed by the British administration of the Straits Settlements as a civilian prison, in 1936.

During WW II, the Japanese military detained about 3,000 civilians in Changi Prison, which was built to house only 600 prisoners.
Japanese used the British Army's Selarang Barracks, as a prisoner of war camp, holding some 50,000 Allied — predominantly British and Australian soldiers.
Although POWs were rarely, if ever, held in the civilian prison, the name Changi became synonymous in the UK, Australia, and elsewhere with the POW camp.
Abt 850 POWs died during their internment in Changi during the Japanese Occupation of Singapore, a relatively low rate compared to the overall death rate of 27% for POWs in Japanese camps.
However, many more prisoners died after being transferred from Changi to various labour camps outside Singapore, including the Burma Railway and the Sandakan airfield.

Allied POWs, mainly Australians, built a chapel at the prison in 1944 using simple tools and found materials.After the war, the Chapel was dismantled and shipped to Australia, while the cross was sent to the UK. The chapel was reconstructed in 1988, and is now located at the Royal Military College Duntroon, Canberra. The Chapel 2nd prison In 2000:
prison was demolished and its inmates were relocated to a new prison complex in a neighbouring site.
In view of its historical significance, the Preservation of Monuments Board worked with the Singapore Prison Service and the Urban Redevelopment Authority to allow the front gates of the old prison to be preserved and moved to the new prison.

In 1994 Changi Women’s Prison and Drug Rehabilitation Centre was opened.

Presently, the new Changi Prison houses the most serious criminal offenders in the country, including criminal offenders who are serving long sentences and those who have been sentenced to death.
Detention site before prisoners are executed.
one of the main places (though not the only one) where judicial corporal punishment by caning is carried out.
In 1988, Singapore built a replica Chapel and Museum next to the Changi Prison. When Changi Prison was expanded in 2001, the Chapel and Museum was relocated to a new site 1 km away and the Changi Chapel and Museum was officially established on 15 February 2001.
We have confidence in our future. United, determined and well-prepared, we have what it takes to build a bright future for ourselves, and to progress together as one nation Rapid developement of Singapore: Changi
From a 3rd world country, singapore now posseses the no.1 airport in the WORLD
Bold future plans: Motorsports hub
As long as Singapore stays united and determined, even a “little red dot” like us will be able to prosper and reach greater heights! Changi, on its way to a better , bigger, more energetic area in Singapore. our views
development of changii changi could be preserved in its original form with the "kampung" feel and it also is a place of history. should so much of the reclaimed land be used for airports? and the budget terminal is also going to be expanded. when singapore is facing of shortage of residential space, can we use the land in changi for other purposes? will the new developments at changi work and encourage ppl to visit changi? man made marvels- terminal 3 changi airport
Changi was famous for its coconut plantations in the 1800s,

In the 1860s, Changi was famous for its sago plantations. Its attractive coast, which included the beach, Pantai Chantik, was a popular picnic site.

During the assault of the Japanese invasion from Malaya in February 1942, Changi was targeted as one of the first attack points.

Changi Prison was built in 1936. During World War II, between 7,000 - 8,000 British and Australian POWs were interned here, in the main prison and at Selarang Barracks.

Bombardier Stanley Warren filled a chapel there with unforgettable Christian-inspired wall-paintings called the Changi Murals.

The Chengai trees, other plantations and the steep cliffs off the Changi Coast were cleared in 1926 to make way for Royal Air Force Base which began operations in the early 1950s.

Changi Hospital was also constructed around the same time. Soon after that Changi Hospital was converted to a military hospital where all the wounded soldiers and civilians were attended to.

Changi beaches and holiday bungalows were popular weekend retreats between the 1950s and early 1970s until land reclamation for Changi Airport began.

Changi Village was redeveloped by the Government in 1978.

Work on Changi International Airport began in June 1975, and was declared officially opened on 29 December 1981. It is today one of the most famous airports in the world. Major events in Changi Methods of coping with limited land in Singapore PICTURES Off the beaten track, Changi Village shows a more relaxed side of Singapore. The local beach has clean sand that attracts fishermen and bathers alike, especially on weekends.
Touring Changi Village

In the village itself, there are plenty of bargains to be found.

When hunger strikes, head for the food centre or try one of the restaurants along the main street. Relax in the shade of an umbrella, order some fresh seafood and watch the world go by.

The Changi Chapel & Museum which is within the vicinity, is well worth a visit. Getting There:
Take the MRT to Tanah Merah Station (EW4)
and board SBS bus 2. Quiz Time

PRIZES TO BE WON!!! 1) WHEN DID RECLAMATION WORK ON CHANGI START?

a) June 1978
b) June 1975
c) July 1975 Answer
1) a 2) NAME US 1 METHOD SINGAPORE USED TO COPE WITH LIMITED LAND USE. NAME ITS BENEFITS
THANK YOU FOR YOUR KIND ATTENTION Present Zoning used to regulate the location of various uses of land
to enable a more effective management of environmental protection.

The early Malay place name of Changi was Tanjong Rusa, which is found in the 1604 E.G. de Eredia map of Singapore. a climbing shrub, the changi ular (Apama corymbosa), which grew in the area.

The most common myth was that Changi got its name from a tall tree, the chengai (Balanscarpus heimii), which abounded in the area in the early nineteenth century.

Changi could also be a variation of the local timber named chengai. This heavy local timber is commonly used for buildings and furniture, and is valued for its strength and renowned for its deep rich colour.
Etymological roots of the name Changi Coordinates: 1°23'28'N 103°59'11'E
a flat terrain
3 main hills, namely Battery Hill, the Fairy Point Hill and Temple Hill.
Located at the far eastern side of Singapore, near to the sea.
Tigers were known to swim across the strait to Fairy Point at Changi, attracted to the wild pigs and deers at Pulau Ubin.
Geographical facts on changi We are proud to defend Singapore ourselves, no one else is responsible for our security and well-being.
The high security at changi airport as well as at Changi prison We must ourselves defend Singapore. No one owes Singapore a living.We must find our own way to survive and prosper, turning challenge into opportunity. Trying our best to cope with the limited land space of Singapore: Reclamation of land for changi
Future Uses in Changi
NATIONAL EDUCATION Minister of State for Transport Lim Hwee Hua told Parliament on Thursday that Singapore will have a Terminal 4 at Changi Airport. While no details were given, the Transport Ministry on Thursday confirmed that Singapore will have a Terminal 4. She said, "Dubai International Airport, the largest aviation hub of the Middle East, is expected to overtake Changi's passenger traffic volume this year,Dubai is a formidable competitor for the Australia-Europe traffic. It is seeing phenomenal growth in passenger volume, with an almost 20 percent increase last year." new terminal 4 potos1 of 1

Travellers walk past departure schedule board at the Changi Airport in Singapore.


SINGAPORE: Changi Airport has bounced back from third placing in 2009 to become the "World's Best Airport" this year in Skytrax World Airport survey.

In the annual survey of travellers worldwide last year, Changi was placed third, trailing behind Seoul's Incheon and Hong Kong. But this year, Changi overtook Incheon and Hong Kong to top the ranking. Changi also won the Skytrax award for Best Leisure Amenities.

This is the third Best Airport award Changi has received this year. Last month, the airport won the Top Worldwide Airport by Wanderlust and Best Airport in Asia Pacific by DestinAsian.

Changi has won the awards by Wanderlust and DestinAsian eight and five times
respectively.

Since its opening in 1981, Changi Airport has won more than 340 airport awards.

Changi Airport Group's CEO, Mr Lee Seow Hiang, expressed appreciation to Changi Airport's many stakeholders for their support.

He said: "Changi's success would not be possible without the affirmation, encouragement and feedback that we have received from our stakeholders, including the millions of passengers and visitors we serve every year.

"This has motivated us to continue to improve and innovate. We are honoured to receive these awards and thank everyone for their vote of confidence."

Mr Lee added: "In an ever-competitive operating landscape, these awards are also a testament to the hard work and tireless efforts of all airport staff and partners in the Changi community to deliver the Changi Experience. I want to thank them too for their contributions."

Mr Edward Plaisted, chairman of Skytrax, said: "This is the largest ever Skytrax airport survey with 9.8 million travellers from over 100 nationalities taking part, and underlines the unrivalled, global coverage of this study.

"Taking pride of place in being named World's Best Airport for 2010 is Singapore Changi Airport.

"Changi has always been one of the world's best performing airports during the 10 years of the World Airport Survey, and I congratulate them on achieving this number one position in 2010.... in what was an extremely competitive survey environment".

World's top 10 rankings in the World Airport Awards for 2010:

1 Singapore

2 Seoul Incheon

3 Hong Kong

4 Munich

5 Kuala Lumpur

6 Zurich

7 Amsterdam

8 Beijing

9 Auckland

10 Bangkok Changi named World's Best Airport




Current Affairs - YOG [Youth Olympic Games] 05:55 AM Jul 23, 2010

SINGAPORE - More jet setting passengers have passed through Changi Airport with the number of passengers using the airport in the first half of this year rising 17 per cent on-year to 20.2 million.

Changi Airport Group (CAG) said some 3.6 million passengers passed through the airport last month, an increase of almost 19 per cent on-year.

It said passenger growth in June was led by traffic to and from South-east Asia, Northeast Asia, South Asia and North America.

Double-digit growth was recorded for all these regions.

Passenger traffic to Northeast Asia grew 35 per cent on-year it said, supported by more flights to Hong Kong, Macau, Taipei and Seoul.

Long-haul traffic also improved, with passenger movements to North America rising 28 per cent on-year.

CAG said full service carriers (FSCs) contributed two thirds to the growth of passenger movements in June while the low cost carriers (LCCs) contributed the reminder,

For the first half of the year, the ratio between FSCs and LCCs was 4:1 in terms of passengers carried and 3:1 for number of flights at Changi.

On the cargo front, 879,000 tonnes of airfreight were moved at Changi Airport from January to June, a 16.5 per cent increase year-on-year.

The airport serves 89 airlines operating close to 5,100 weekly scheduled flights. by Claire Huang Jingyi 05:55 AM Jul 14, 2010

SINGAPORE - While the outlook for Singapore's civil aviation sector is rosy, Transport Minister Raymond Lim warned that the European sovereign debt crisis and the geopolitical situation in Asia have the potential to derail the sector's recovery.

But he is confident that Changi Airport's success, which is built on close cooperation between the airlines, airport, and Government, will help the industry overcome future challenges.

Speaking at the annual Changi Airline Awards, Mr Lim said Changi's passenger traffic grew by about 17 per cent on a year-on-year basis in the first five months this year. The airfreight sector increased by about 17 per cent over the same period last year.

Awards were presented in six categories, including the top airlines for passenger and cargo carriage, as well as the fastest growing carriers for passengers and cargo.

This year, a new Partner of the Year award was introduced to honour a Changi partner or its collaboration with the Changi Airport Group, and for outstanding contributions to developing the air hub.

This new award went to TNT, one of the largest express delivery services providers, in recognition of its strategic efforts to develop Singapore as its Asian regional hub in its global network.

Mr Onno Boots, TNT's regional managing director for South-east Asia and India, said: "It's a recognition, an external recognition, which means a lot to us. We've started developing plans for the region to build an integrated system for air and road networks, that really joined together in Singapore, the heart of the base of the network and that was developed about four years ago."

Since 2008, when TNT picked Singapore as one of two destinations for its first freighter flights into Asia, TNT has grown its Singapore presence from just operating as a gateway to a regional hub.

This has culminated in its $20-million Singapore Regional Hub facility, the first integrated air and road hub linking Singapore through South-east Asia to China.
Changi passenger traffic up 17% Changi sees 17% rise in passengers
by Tan Yo-Hinn 05:55 AM Jul 14, 2010

SINGAPORE - Motorsport enthusiasts in Singapore and the region will be able to enjoy the brand new Changi Motorsports Hub in less than two years' time, and on a 24/7 basis.

Speaking at a ground-breaking ceremony yesterday, Fuminori Murahashi, executive chairman of SG Changi Pte Ltd - the consortium awarded the tender by the Singapore Sports Council (SSC) in March to design, build and run the facility - revealed it will be open 24 hours daily, seven days a week - believed to be a world-first.

Costing $330 million, the hub is expected to be completed by the end of next year and ready for business by March 2012.

"Singapore is a country that does not sleep, but is always awake 24/7, that's why I believe this concept will succeed," said Murahashi through an interpreter.

"It must be a place where Singaporeans can come to and really enjoy."

Construction of the hub, which is located on a 41-hectare, sea-facing site near Changi Airport, will begin next month.

The centre will include among others a permanent 3.7km FIA grade 2 and FIM grade 1 track along the Changi coastline, a 1.2km grade 1 karting track, a quarter-mile drag race track, a 20,000-seater main grandstand and 10,000-seat temporary grandstand.

SG Changi are expected to confirm and announce their schedule of local, regional and international competitions by June next year, including the MotoGP world championship.

Last month, MediaCorp reported that AirAsia and Lotus F1 racing team boss Tony Fernandes, whose sponsorship of the AirAsia British Grand Prix for motorbikes at Silverstone makes him a VVIP client of MotoGP's commercial rights holder Dorna Sports, is keen on bringing MotoGP to Singapore.

However, MotoGP rights holder Carmelo Ezpeleta told MediaCorp he will not bring it to Singapore unless the track meets all requirements, although SG Changi director Thia Yoke Kian remains optimistic.

"We're still waiting for the track to be approved, and once that is attained, we'll talk to Dorna," he told MediaCorp yesterday.

There are also plans to include a warehouse that can hold up to 750 cars, commercial, motor industry and leisure sectors featuring a motorsports museum, an exhibition centre, event plaza and an entertainment centre, a hotel, beachfront and water sports facilities.

Also in the pipeline is the setting up of a racing academy.

While details such as the number of students and fees have not been worked out, the hub's primary target is the Asia-Pacific region. Said Murahashi: "Since this circuit is our own, we'll be planning very reasonable fees."

Added SSC chief executive officer Oon Jin Teik: "They're trying to make the entire offering viable for all Singaporeans. That means the product must be consumer-centric, fun, exciting and have the lifestyle elements."

Among the 200 guests at the ceremony who left impressed was former Formula 1 driver Alex Yoong.

"This is great. With a 3.7km circuit, it's great for grade 2 events," said the Malaysian, who drove for Minardi for two seasons.

"It's not a flat piece of land, and there's not much space to work with, so it's difficult to make this into a driver's paradise, but looking at the plans, they've done a very good job with a good mix of high and low speed corners, and it's perfect for what Singapore needs."
Rev around the clock
Changi Motorsports Hub to stay open 24/7 Artist impression
View from main grandstand of the Changi Motorsports by Lynda Hong Ee Lyn 05:56 AM Jul 31, 2010

SINGAPORE - For the first time, Singapore welcomed 1 million tourists in a single month. The Singapore Tourism Board (STB) marked the occasion of ushering in 1 million tourists in July with a warm welcome at all of Changi's four airport terminals, including the Budget Terminal.

The uptrend began some eight months ago. In June, there were 950,000 visitor arrivals. And with some 6.5 million visitor arrivals as at July, STB is confident that it can reach its target of between 11.5 million and 12.5 million visitors this year.

"The second half of the year, again, is typically of a stronger performance compared to the first half of the year traditionally. So we are definitely optimistic that barring any surprises, we should reach our projections," said Mr Lawrence Leong, STB's assistant chief executive, International Group and Corporate Development Group. Tourism hits a new high here Residental
There are many residential areas around Changi, comprising mostly private property. There is a large area of landed property with bungalows, terraced and semi-detached houses. There are also a few condominiums. Most of these residences are located near Changi Prison, and can be accessed from Upper Changi Road North. There is also public housing in Changi Village, mostly old 3 or 4-storeyed HDB buildings that have not been redeveloped or upgraded.

One school in Changi is The Japanese School, an international school. Singapore Aviation Academy is also located in Changi.

Industry
The main businesses in Changi involve the aerospace industry, particularly for commercial airlines. Aircraft maintenance takes place in the SIA Engineering Company, located along Changi Coast Road. Changi Water Reclamation Plant is also nearby. This district is also close to Loyang Industrial Estate.
Residential
There are many residential areas around Changi, comprising mostly private property. There are also a few condominiums and old 3/4 storey HDB flats that have not been redeveloped or upgraded. One school in Changi is The Japanese School, an international school. The Singapore Aviation Academy is also located in Changi.

Industry
The main businesses in Changi involve the aerospace industry, particularly for commercial airlines. Aircraft maintenance takes place in the SIA Engineering Company. Changi Exhibition Centre holds the Singapore Airshow and Asian Aerospace exhibition, events annually. These events allow you view the latest airplane technology, incorporating live air shows displaying fighter aircraft and helicopters.
Changi Water Reclamation Plant is also nearby.
3) Large scale land reclamation was necessary because:
A.The small size of the country
B.The rising demand for more land
C.All of the above
Answer: C 4) Where is Changi located?
A.Northern side of Singapore
B.Far Eastern side of Singapore, near to the sea
C.Southern side of Singapore
Answer: B How many terminals does Changi Airport have?
a. 3
b. 5
c. 4
Answer: b The replica Chapel is representative of the many chapels built by POWs in Singapore and Malaya.
The Museum also serves as an important educational institution and resource centre.
The replica is not just a museum exhibit, religious services are regularly held in it. It is also a quiet place of prayer for visitors, former POWs and internees, and the relatives of those who suffered and died at the hands of the Japanese. Master Plan for Changi Airport The master plan is intended as a basis for the land use development of the land allocated for KHIA and the development of the airport itself.

The plan has three major features
1. First it is formulated to enable the airport to be developed in a sustainable and cost effective manner. This will underpin the airport's efforts to expand its capacity for both passenger and air cargo traffic.
2.Secondly, the master plan will seek to minimize any adverse effect on the environment, which may arise from the development of the airport. This is particularly important because Aqaba affords access to Petra, one of the 7 wonders in the world as well as the Red Sea coral reefs.
3. Thirdly, the plan will also set out the land use strategy to enable the airport to attract and accommodate investments in various aviation related businesses. This will represent a new source of jobs and economic growth for Jordan.

Summary
>Past, present and future of Changi
>Change: Methods to cope with land shortage in Singapore
>Our views on Changi; What are yours?
>NE messages HOPE YOU HAVE LEARNT SOMETHING FROM OUR PRESENTATION! Photo by George T. Crouch, 1936. From the cover of the Malayan Nature Journal, vol. 22 (1969). Reproduced with permission from the Editor, MNJ, Malaysian Nature Society. how do we compete with countries such as Dubai and Hong Kong, and the competition is stiff Doubling of rail network by 2020

These new rail lines will cost us some $20 billion to build, over and above the $20 billion that government has already committed for the on-going Boon Lay Extension (BLE), the Circle Line (CCL) and the Downtown Line (DTL). Cheryl Tay is a writer living in Singapore
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