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Technology for the multiple intelligences in an ELF classroom.

MEXTESOL WORKSHOP
by

Sofia Moreno

on 11 July 2013

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Transcript of Technology for the multiple intelligences in an ELF classroom.

IN AN EFL CLASSROOM
Technology for the multiple intelligences
Definition of multiple intelligences
Categorization
How to identify the MI in a EFL classroom.
Technologies applied to the MI.
Case study
AGENDA
HOWARD GARDNER
“I believe that the brain has evolved over millions
of years to be responsive to different kind of content in the world. Language content, musical content, spatial content, numerical content, etc.”
"My mind was really opened when I went to Harvard College and had the opportunity to study under individuals—such as psychoanalyst
Erik Erikson
, sociologist
David Riesman
, and cognitive psychologist
Jerome Bruner
—who were creating knowledge about human beings.
That helped set me on the course of investigating human nature, particularly how human beings think. "


(Howard Gardner quoted by Marge Sherer 1999)
WHAT ARE MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES?
This theory has emerged from recent cognitive research and "
documents the extent to
which students possess different kinds of minds and therefore learn, remember, perform,
and understand in different ways
," according to Gardner (1991).

According to this theory, we are all able to know the world through differents perceptions.

Where individuals differ is in the strength of these intelligences - the so-called
profile
of intelligences
-and in the ways in which such intelligences are
invoked and combined
to carry out different tasks, solve diverse problems, and progress in various domains.
Howard Gardner's
Frames of Mind
(New York , 1983, Basic Books), came
to challenge the limited concept of
intelligence and proposed
seven
areas:
1.- Intrapersonal Intelligence:
People who are in tune with their inner feelings; they have wisdom, intuition and motivation, as well as a strong will, confidence and opinions.

They can be taught through
independent-study
and
introspection
and are the most independent of the learners.

Tools
include books, creative materials, diaries, privacy and time.
2.-
Interpersonal intelligence
: These students learn through
interaction
. They have many friends,
empathy
for others, street smarts.

They can be taught through group activities, seminars, dialogues.

Tools
include the telephone, audio conferencing, time and attention from the instructor, video conferencing, writing, computer conferencing, E-mail.

Central to this intelligence is the ability to listen to what the other person seems to be saying, to be able to gain good
rapport
with another person.
3.-
Logical-mathematical intelligence

"I saw that mathematics was split up into numerous specialties, each of which could easily be the short lifetime granted to us. In physics, however , I soon learnt to sort out that which was able to lead to fundamentals and to turn aside from everything else, from the multitude of things that clutter up the mind and divert it from the essential"

Albert Einstein
3.-
Logical-mathematical intelligence
Reasoning, calculating, think conceptually, abstractly and are able to see and explore patterns and relationships.

Like to
experiment
,
solve puzzles
,
ask
cosmic questions.

They can be taught through
logic games
,
investigations
, mysteries.

They need to learn and form
concepts
before they can deal with
details
.
4.-
The linguistic intelligence
:
These learners have
highly developed auditory skills
and often think in words. They like reading, playing word games, making up poetry or stories.

They can be taught by
encouraging them to say and see words
, read books together.

Tools
include computers, games, multimedia, books, tape recorders, and lecture.

For a person with a strong linguistic intelligence , ambiguity, and a tricky relationship between signifier and signified , can be exciting.
5.-
The musical intelligence
:
Students with this type of intelligence show sensitivity to
rhythm
and
sound
, love music, but they are also sensitive to sounds in their
environments
.

They may study better with
music
in the background and can be taught by turning lessons into
lyrics
, speaking
rhythmically
, tapping out time.

Tools
include musical instruments, music, radio, stereo, CD-ROM, multimedia.
6.-
The spatial intelligence
:
Students think in terms of
physical space
and are very
aware
of their environments.

They like to draw, do jigsaw puzzles, read maps, daydream and can be taught through drawings, verbal and physical imagery.

Tools
include models, graphics, charts, photographs, drawings, 3-D modeling, video, videoconferencing, television, multimedia, texts with pictures/charts/graphs
.
7.-
The kinaesthetic-bodily intelligence
:
Students who use their body
effectively
, have keen sense of
body awareness
.

They like movement, making things, touching and communicate well through body language and be taught through physical activity, hands-on learning, acting out, role playing.

Tools
include equipment and real objects.
MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES IN YOUR CLASSROOM
Usually teachers tend to regard as
intelligent
those students who show a high degree of
linguistic ability
and who therefore
share
the
intelligence that language teachers are
strong in.
As students gradually realise that they can approach language from their
strength areas
, they will feel
better
in the language class and may become more
willing to take risks
and
begin to develop
areas that are not
"their own"
.
People
learn
language much
better
when allowed to do so
within the wide range of
perspectives
afforded by MI.
HOW TO IDENTIFY MI IN YOUR CLASSROOM ?
There is no just one answer to how to identify the possible MI that you may find in your classroom.

Teachers with a true teaching calling are aware of the differences in their students and find their own ways to cover as many MI as possible.
HOW TO IDENTIFY MI IN YOUR CLASSROOM?
Implement different types of stimuly for some qualitative research.

Surveys.

IQ tests or Intelligence Scales : Standordf-Binet (1905) , The Binet-Simon (1903), Weschsler Intelligence Scale for Children "WISC" (1949)
TASK 1
ON YOUR HANDOUT
DO YOU KNOW YOUR STRONGEST MI?
TASK 1
ON YOUR HANDOUT
A= Interpersonal E= Musical
B= Body-Kinaesthetic F=Linguistic
C= Intrapersonal G= Spacial
D= Logical- Mathematical
TWO "CANDIDATE" INTELLIGENCES
Since the appearence of his book, Gardner proposed 2 more possible intelligences:
The NATURAL intelligence.
The EXISTENCIAL/SPIRITUAL intelligence.
.
Being in harmony with nature in the way that many early people were.
Perception of what is beyond, what is higher, what is greater than us.
NATURAL INTELLIGENCE
SPIRITUAL INTELLIGENCE
TECHNOLOGIES APPLIED TO THE MI
“The times they are a-changing.”
Bob Dylan
The times they are always changing and although the world continues to change with it, some educational practices have become obsolete.
TECHNOLOGIES APPLIED TO THE MI
Walking through classrooms, you can still see students lined up in rows, writing solitary
exams, while the world continuously
pressures
us to shape collaborators, thinkers, and innovators.

Education should be
“a-changing”
right along with society.
TECHNOLOGIES APPLIED TO THE MI
Preparing our students not only to be digitally savvy, but leveraging these technologies to help them
create
,
communicate
,
connect
and
collaborate
will prepare them to be contributing citizens to their future.
TECHNOLOGIES APPLIED TO THE MI
Social media is about connecting and learning from people, getting to know about other cultures and perspectives, sharing, and empowering our students to connect, not with computers, but with people.
By opening access to your students, you are opening their minds to perspectives and experiences that go far beyond the four walls of the classroom.
TECHNOLOGIES APPLIED TO THE MI
Be the facilitator of these opportunities so that
our students can learn in a safe and meaningful way.
Provide opportunities and create change!!
THE BEST ONLINE RESOURCES
Wiggio
(http://wiggio.com)
is a free online toolkit that makes it easy to work with and coordinate groups.
Share all the important documents, videos, and resources that you use in your classroom for easy access at home.
Offer your students a study hour where they can meet with you virtually for a little extra support or mentoring.
As they work together, they can meet virtually, share resources and links, and create a schedule to keep themselves on task.
THE BEST ONLINE RESOURCES
Symbaloo EDU
(http://edu.symbaloo.com)


Websites can often have urls that feel unending, students can
copy down a url incorrectly, students type with different speeds, or
characters show up in the address that they are unfamiliar with.

Complicated urls can single-handedly persuade the elementary
teacher to ditch a wonderful web resource for something
easier to manage...like a worksheet.
THE BEST ONLINE RESOURCES
(http://kerpoof.com)
Kerpoof is a necessity in any elementary classroom. This free online creativity center lets students create their own pictures, drawings, storybooks, movies, and practice spelling.
The Kerpoof interface is extremely user friendly, students will pick it up in no time.

Kerpoof is a creativity tool that can bring student work to life.

Kerpoof has a teacher center where classrooms can sign up to use Kerpoof. Students are given a nickname, password, and class ID to login with.
(http://www.gameforscience.ca)
Game for Science is a virtual world for kids dedicated to getting them excited about science and technology.
THE BEST ONLINE RESOURCES
If they don’t have a personal or school email address, they can visit as a tourist without registering. This is a fun site for students to just explore and interact with; however, for use in the classroom, you can direct students to specific islands to study.
THE BEST ONLINE RESOURCES
(http://neok12.com)
Neo K12 is a comprehensive collection of educational videos, lessons, and games for students in grades k-12.

Neo K12 believes that, “kids learn best by ‘seeing’ the real world.”
Videos provide excellent opportunities for learning, they make it possible for kids to visualize and build a model in their minds.

When students or teachers search a subject, they are given a list of related videos, quizzes, games, and puzzles.
THE BEST ONLINE RESOURCES
(http://edu.glogster.com)
Glogster is a great creativity site who’s tag line is “poster yourself”.

A ‘glog’ is basically an online poster web page. Students can combine text, pictures, graphics,video, and audio to create an interactive online poster.
THE BEST ONLINE RESOURCES
(http://shelfari.com)
Shelfari is a virtual bookshelf that you create to show off books that you have read and recommend.

It is a Web 2.0 site that allows you to connect
with students, other teachers, and parents
around books.
THE BEST ONLINE RESOURCES
Schoology
(http://schoology.com)
is a free web-based learning management system (LMS) built on a social network.

Schoology leverages the familiarity of popular socialmedia tools such as Google Docs and Facebook to improve communication and collaboration.
THE BEST ONLINE RESOURCES

(http://learning.blogs.nytimes.com/)
A website that is run by the New York Times, is a wonderful resource for teachers and students.

One great feature is that current articles are made easier to understand by offering definitions of vocabulary words and also maps to areas discussed in articles.

Offers daily lesson plans which are tied into articles from the newspaper.
THE BEST ONLINE RESOURCES
Paper Rater
(http://www.paperrater.com/)
is a web tool that offers a robust grammar checker to find mistakes and correct them.

It can also check to see if a students paper contains plagiarized text.
THE BEST ONLINE RESOURCES
Google Maps and Google Earth can both be used to create a multimedia story.

Try having your students write the biography of a famous person by plotting points on a map and adding text, images, and videos about that person to each placemark.
THE BEST ONLINE RESOURCES
http://www.quizrevolution.com/
Is an easy way to make a multimedia quiz for your website or blog. With Quiz Revolution you can include video, audio, and image file in your quiz. Each question in your quiz can have a different media format. There are two options for answer format, multiple choice or open-ended response.
THE BEST ONLINE RESOURCES
English Central
http://www.englishcentral.com
has engaging and current video clips from news shows and movies, and shows the text as the words are spoken.

Users are then prompted to repeat the words that are shown, and the online software “scores” how well the student has pronounced the text.
THE BEST APPS FOR ELT
iTunes U
This Apple App will help you create your own courses for Ipad.


It’s a powerful app that lets students have all the materials for the course right at their fingertips.
http://www.apple.com/education/itunes-u/
THE BEST APPS FOR ELT
Word Lens
Instantly translates signage from one language to another through the camera application.

Language teachers can use this program for scavenger hunts
THE BEST APPS FOR ELT
CRAM
Both teachers and students can create flashcards and tests and import and share them with others.

Use to study for standardized tests or exams, or create study materials for students.
THE BEST APPS FOR ELT
ESSAY GRADER
This APP comes with a bank of pre-written comments and helps teachers cut down on grading time without writing the same comments over and over again by hand.

After assigning a grade, teachers can then eMail the grade sheet directly to the student or export it to the computer for editing and printing.
TASK 2 ON HANDOUT
Read the following student’s profiles
and discuss the questions.
Student A has a high Bodily-Kinesthetic intelligence.
Student B has a high Logical-Mathematical intelligence.
Student C has a high Musical intelligence.
All three students are enrolled in their
first year
of a second
language class in school. The new unit covers the vocabulary for
famous
landscapes
and
traveling
and grammar focused on
passive voice
and
present perfect
. The teacher typically uses a matching activity worksheet
and vocabulary list to teach the students the new words. In this situation
Student B is very successful but Students A and C are not.

• Considering Gardner's MI, explain why this might be the case?

• What could the teacher do to appeal to more of the MI?
TASK 3 ON HANDOUT
Considering a mixed ability class , plan 3 more activities or exercises that will appeal to several Multiple Intelligences (2 minimum)

Learning Objective
Topic and Skill focus.
Technological resource
MI
Activity description.
ANY QUESTIONS?
REFERENCES
•Richards and Rodgers, (1993) Approaches and Methods in ELT, CUP.

•Puchta, H., Rinvolucri, M. (2007) Multiple Intelligences in EFL. CUP
and Helbling Languages.

•Dudeney, G. (2007) The internet and the Language Classroom., CUP

•Long and Richards, (2001) Cognition and Second Language Instruction. CUP

•Byrne, Richard, (2007) Aplications and web tools for Education.
Retrieved from http://www.eclipse.org/webtools/.
“I want my children to understand the world,
but not just because the world is fascinating
and the human mind is curious.

I want them to understand it so that they will
be positioned to make it a better place”
Howard Gardner
THANK YOU VERY MUCH!!
SOFIA MORENO CABALLERO
Academic Consultant
smoreno@cambridge.org
(10 min)
(10 min)
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