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Abraham Lincoln

African American History Midterm Project
by

Prapey Mao

on 23 January 2014

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Transcript of Abraham Lincoln

Abraham Lincoln
In the Life of Honest Abe: Timeline
Feb. 12, 1809: Abraham Lincoln was born in Hardin County, Kentucky.
Son of Thomas Lincoln and Nancy Abraham. {See image:1}
Fall of 1818: Abe's mother, Nancy dies of poisoning.
Dec. 2, 1819: His father remarries to widow Sarah Bush Johnston. {She becomes Abe's stepmother.}
1828 and 1831: He experienced for the first time, slave markets.
1832: Abe becomes a candidate for Illinois General Assembly.
1834:
After running again in the election and campaigning throughout the county, he won.
Starts studying law.
Nov. 4, 1842: Abraham Lincoln got married to Mary Todd.
They had four sons. {See image: 2}
Abraham Lincoln was elected the 16th president of USA.
He was the first Republican to win the presidency.
By the time he became president the country was already collapsing.
More states have separated from the Union and joined the Confederate.
Confederate troops attacked the Union and thus the Civil War began.
Lincoln was a member of the National Union Party.
His main goal as a president was to abolish slavery.
On January 1, 1863, he signed the Emancipation Proclamation, declaring freedom for slaves in the Confederacy (See image 6) .
He was re-elected as president for a second term in 1864, but died before he could fully serve the term.
The Assassination:
April 14, 1865
Lincoln was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth
(see image 10)
at the Ford's Theater at Washington, D.C.
Prior to Lincoln's death, Booth also planned to kill Lincoln's potential successors; Vice President Andrew Johnson and Secretary of State William H. Howard.
Booth hoped to throw the U.S government into chaos.
At the day of the assassination, Lincoln was at a private box in the theater with his wife and a soldier.
10:15 - Booth snuck into the box and shot Lincoln at the back of his head.
A doctor in the audience, Charles Leale, rushed to help Lincoln who was paralyzed and struggling to breathe.
He announced the president would not make it and would die by night.
Lincoln died the next morning, April 15.
Lincoln's body is buried at Oak Ridge Cemetery.
On April 26, Union troops set ire to a Virginia farmhouse where Booth as hiding after the attack.
Booth was shot in the neck by a sergeant.
Prapey Mao, Amaeya George, Anju Shajan
African American History - Period 3
22 January 2014

HONEST ABE: PRESIDENCY
Main Accomplishments
Honest Abe: Before Presidency
Main Accomplishments, cont.
1) The Emancipation Proclamation:
Issued on January 1, 1863 during the third year of the Civil War.
States, "that all persons held as slaves" within the rebellious states "are, and henceforward shall be free."I
Authorized the Army to protect escaped slaves and encouraged border states to outlaw slavery.
Allowed African American men to fight in the Union Army and Navy.
2) Led the Union to victory over the Confederacy:
Chose Ulysses S. Grant as the commander of the Union Army.
After choosing him, the Union was on their way to winning.
3) Signed the 13th Amendment:
Permanently abolished slavery in the U.S.
States that, "Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction."
Image 10: John Wilkes Booth
Relevance to the Civil War
In the Life of Honest Abe: Timeline, cont.
Aug. 3, 1846: Abe is elected into the House of Representatives.
1850: He earns a reputation as an outstanding lawyer and gets the name, "Honest Abe."
June.26, 1857: Made a speech against the Dred Scott decision.
1860:
May. 18: Nominated to be the Republican candidate for President of the United States.
Nov. 6: Abraham Lincoln is elected as the 16th U.S. president.
1861:
March. 6: Lincoln delivers his first Inaugural Address as President.
The Civil War starts and continues till 1865.
April. 15, 1865: President Lincoln dies from being shot in the head at a theater. {See image: 3}
Abe's View on Slavery
Image: 1
Image: 2
Image: 3
Civil War: 1861-1865
Abraham Lincoln led the Union Army to victory & ended slavery.
He struggled to find capable generals for the armies.
actively used his authority for war plans
also promoted & demoted offices who were fit or unfit for their roles in the army
kept watch on army officers throughout the war
Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863.
freed slaves in the South which was against the Union
November 19, 1863: Lincoln gives his famous speech, the Gettysburg Address.
He related the long cold war and the "founding principles" of America.
4) Delivered the Gettysburg Address {Most famous speech in American History.}
In summary, Lincoln says that so many soldiers have risked their lives to create equality throughout the U.S.
Appealed to the audience because he mentioned the fatalities of many soldiers.
5) He signed a series of Acts:
Homestead Act
Morrill Act
National Banking Act
Image 11: Drawn image of Abraham Lincoln giving Gettysburg Address on Nov. 19, 1863.
Abe got married to Mary Todd and had four sons.
Three died at a young age.
His wife struggled with depression and mental stability due to the death of her three sons.
Abraham Lincoln was elected to be a congressman for the U.S. Congress in 1946.
He liked to give criticism on everything. For example, he criticized the participation of the U.S in the Mexican War, but he still portrayed Zach Taylor as a hero of the war and helped him win presidency in 1948.
In 1858 , Lincoln and Stephen Douglas debated on what was thought to be breaking up the nation--slavery (See image 4 and 5 ).
Douglass wanted to spread slavery into more territories, but Abraham Lincoln opposed the extension of slavery. Either way Abe lost the election, but was recognized for his skill in debating.
Two years later, in 1860, Abe Lincoln was elected to become the sixteenth president of the U.S.
Fun Facts About Abe the Babe
1. Lincoln had a dream about his death
2. He supported Woman's Rights
3. His son, Robert Lincoln, was saved by his own assassin's brother.
4. Lincoln's beard was historic.
5. Lincoln has no heirs.

Abe was not an abolitionist. He did not think it was morally wrong, but he did think that they should be treated like a basic human. So, he worked to abolish slavery.
Abraham believed that sending most of the African American population back to Africa would help resolve the issue of slavery, and many agreed because they believed that they could not live in peace and harmony with the African Americans.
Lincoln did not believe that African Americans should have the same rights as white people.
“I will say then that I am not, nor ever have been, in favor of bringing about in any way the social and political equality of the white and black races.......”
But he did not believe that slavery was just.
"Blacks had the right to improve their condition in society and to enjoy the fruits of their labor. In this way they were equal to white men, and for this reason slavery was inherently unjust."
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