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Transcript of Ruby Bridges
How She Got Involved
Ruby Bridges was one of many African-American students in New Orleans who were chosen to take a test determining whether or not she could attend a white school.
Ruby Bridges goes to many schools, conventions, colleges, and many more places to talk about her life and what black history is about.
President Obama Meets Ruby Bridges
Ruby Bridges was born on September 8, 1954, in Tylertown Mississippi.
Ruby is the oldest of four children and grew up in New Orleans. Her parents were Abon and Lucille Bridges.
She is married with 3 kids Craig Hall, Sean Hall, and Christopher Hall.
The test was created to be very difficult so that not many students would pass and New Orleans would stay segregated for as long as they could.
The Ruby Bridges Foundation was formed in 1999 it teaches kids about segregation and integration.
Ruby's family moved to New Orleans in hopes of a better life with more to offer.
Ruby bridges also is a travel agent for American express.
However, Ruby still succeeded at completing the test, being one in only six African-American students to pass.
“[My teacher Mrs. Henry] taught me what Dr. King tried to teach all of us. We should never judge a person by the color of their skin, but by the content of their character. That was the lesson I learned at 6 years old.”
Ruby has won a presidential citizens award.
When It All Started
On November 14, 1960, federal marshals drove Ruby and her mother to her new school. While in the car one of the marshals explained that when they arrived at the school, two marshals would walk in front of her and two behind her.
“[My teacher, Mrs. Henry] taught me what Dr. King tried to teach all of us. We should never judge a person by the color of their skin, but by the content of their character. That was the lesson I learned at 6 years old.”
Ruby went to William Frantz Elementary School.
When they first arrived at the school, crowds of people swarmed in front yelling and throwing things. There were barricades set up, and policemen were everywhere.
Ruby was born in the same year as the Brown vs. Board of Education case started.
This case went all the way to The Supreme Court where "separate but equal" laws were ruled unconstitutional.
Barbara Henry was the only teacher in the school who agreed to teach Ruby. For a long while, Barbara worked with Ruby on her lessons privately because all the other students dropped out to other schools. Barbara didn't only help Ruby with her studies but also with her many social difficulties.
During her years in school she received many threats, such as once a woman threatened to poison her, and on another occasion a woman "greeted" Ruby displaying a black doll in a wooden coffin. Because of such events the marshals allowed her only to eat food from home.
Federal Marshal Charles Burks
Federal Marshal Charles Burk, one of Ruby's escorts, explained with pride that Ruby showed a lot of courage.
She never cried or whimpered, Charles said.
"She just marched along like a little soldier."
Ruby bridges was 6 when she became the first African-American to attend an all white southern elementary school. Ruby's bravery paved the way for continued civil rights action and she's shared her story for future generations.
Paved The Way
There is a movie and a book about Ruby Bridges.