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Maggie Hope

on 9 May 2013

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Transcript of NATURE VS. NURTURE

Nature VS. Nurture Nature VS. Nurture In the "nature vs nurture" debate, nurture refers to personal experiences (i.e. empiricism or behaviorism). What is Nurture? IQ. What is Nature? Nature refers to an individual's innate qualities (nativism).
Nature is your genes. The physical and personality traits determined by your genes stay the same irrespective of where you were born and raised.
Nature factors that trigger an individual to commit crime are influences by biological and family factors. Personality Traits Moral Considerations References Philosophical Considerations Differn, "Nature vs. Nurture", http://www.diffen.com/difference/Nature_vs_Nurture, April 24, 2013
Fabian Grasso, AllPsych Journal, "I.Q.- Enviroment Genetics", http://www.sq.4mg.com/IQgenetics.htm, July 1, 2002 Some have argued that...fully 75% of all IQ variances can be attributed to genetic differences. Studies have shown this to be high, except in monozygotic (identical) twins raised together. These twins share the same exact genotype. In this case, the correlation was as high as .88. In the study of identical twins raised apart, the correlation was as high as .75. In contrast, Dizygotic twins, who share 50% of their genes on average, had a correlation factor of .53 when growing up together and .46 when raised separately. This seems to indicate that similarity of a genetic component has a direct influence on IQ scores. If genes do contribute substantially to the development of personal characteristics such as intelligence and personality, then many wonder if this implies that genes determine who we are. Biological determinism is the thesis that genes determine who we are. Personality is a frequently cited example of a heritable trait that has been studied in twins and adoptions. Identical twins reared apart are far more similar in personality than randomly selected pairs of people. Likewise, identical twins are more similar than fraternal twins. Also, biological siblings are more similar in personality than adoptive siblings A critique of moral arguments against the nature side of the argument could be that they cross the is-ought gap. That is, they apply values to facts. However, such appliance appears to construct reality. Belief in biologically determined stereotypes and abilities has been shown to increase the kind of behavior that is associated with such stereotypes and to impair intellectual performance through, among other things, the stereotype threat phenomenon. By Maggie Hope and Skyler Richards Nurture refers to your childhood, or how you were brought up. Someone could be born with genes to give them a normal height, but be malnourished in childhood, resulting in stunted growth and a failure to develop as expected. Determinism and Free will If all our traits are determined by our genes, by our environment, by chance, or by some combination of these acting together, then there seems to be little room for free will. This line of reasoning suggests that the "nature versus nurture" debate tends to exaggerate the degree to which individual human behavior can be predicted based on knowledge of genetics and the environment. Furthermore, in this line of reasoning, it should also be pointed out that biology may determine our abilities, but free will still determines what we do with our abilities. Maggie Hope Skyler Richards Maggie Hope Maggie Hope Skyler Richards Maggie Hope Maggie Hope Skyler Richards
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