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InterTestament Times

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by

Mrs B

on 6 October 2014

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Transcript of InterTestament Times

InterTestament Times
in Judah
in Greece
323
400BC
"Golden Age of Athens"
B:356
Aristotle
Greece is amazing!
Greece is amazing!
D:323
334
Begins
Conquests
336
Becomes
King
332
"DIASPORA"
Persia in Control
Alexander the Great
"HELLENIZATION"
policy to unite the world
via Greek language & culture
To the Orient
"KOINE GREEK"
The High Priest rules
Some Jews settle in Alexandria, Egypt
Alexander's empire was divided
between 4 of his field marshalls...
...2 of them were
Seleucus & Ptolemy
No heir
332
Controls
Palestine
301
The Ptolemies & Seleucids
fight over rule of Palestine
Greece in
control
300
300BC
200BC
100BC
198
Ptolemies rule Palestine
312
First
paved
road
"SEPTUAGINT"
Seventy (LXX) Jewish
men in Alexandria start to
translate their Hebrew
scriptures into Koine
Greek
255
Tada!
All done!
165
Seleucids rule Palestine
The Greeks were driven out,
Jerusalem recaptured, & on December 6th, the temple was rededicated to God.
"CHANUKAH"
When the Maccabees liberated the Temple, they found only a small amount of undefiled olive oil for fueling the menorah - enough for only 1 day. But it would take 8 days to make more oil. Miraculously, the light burned
for 8 days & nights.
Hanukkah means dedication.
It is celebrated by lighting the menorah
each evening. One of the 8 candles & the
'shamash' are lit the first night - each night
an additional one is lit, until the 8th night.
Menorah means "lamp" or "candelabra." The menorah lights can be candles, or oil and wicks.
Customs include giving gifts to the children, eating fried foods, playing 'dreidel' games, giving increasing amounts of charity each day, & adding passages to daily prayers
The 'dreidel' is a pointed, 4 sided spinning top with a letter printed on each side. The letters stand for "A great miracle happened there."
The 'shamash' is the attendant candle, & is used to light the others.
The Temple menorah, which was lit daily, had 7 candles, representing the natural order. Eight is a step beyond nature - the supernatural or transcendent.
or, dispersion
Hellenism:
"speak Greek, make Greek"
ANTIOCHUS IV EPIPHANES
plunders & desecrates the temple
desecrate
|desikrāt|
verb = treat (a sacred place or thing) with violent disrespect; violate : more than 300 graves were desecrated. Syn = violate, profane, defile, debase, degrade, dishonor; vandalize, damage, destroy, deface.
a Seleucid field marshall
The Jews in Jerusalem were caught
between rival, faithless priests
vying for leadership of the city.
Battling in Egypt, he heard of the civil strife & returned to Jerusalem.
He flogged an aged priest to death
for refusing to eat pork
He butchered a mother & her 7 children
for not bowing to an image
"ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION"
He invaded the Most Holy Place of the temple,
sacrificed a pig on the altar in honor of Zeus, &
smeared the temple with its blood.
He robbed the temple of its treasures
He set up an idol in the temple
He slaughtered thousands of Jews
167
A few men escaped into the hills, one being...
JUDAH MACCABEUS
135
Maccabeans (5)
control
Palestine
"MACCABEAN REVOLT"
The High Priest rules
for +/- 100 years
"HASMONEAN
DYNASTY"
164-63
Antiochus IV Epiphanes becomes
the ruler of the Seleucid empire
175
The term Maccabees, as used
to describe the Jewish army, is
taken from the Hebrew word
for "hammer."
D: 164
He outlawed Judaism
& commanded worship
of Zeus.
'manifestation
of the god(s)'
...and his 4 brothers
166
0
"APOCRYPHA"
13 historical books
written during the IT times
part of the religious
literature of the first century Christians
some passages are in the NT
not in our scripture
in RC and Orth. scripture
B: Julius Caesar
100
67
37
63
44
55
51
30
31
23
19
6-4?
150,000 Jews die
Rome rules Palestine
3 month seige
of the temple area
Rome
conquers
England
The Ptolomeic
Cleopatra VII,
the final Pharaoh, rules Eqypt.
Cleopatra &
Mark Antony:
suicide
Caesar
assassinated
(Ides of March)
*his adopted son, Octavian (called himself
Augustus
) rules
earthquake!
30,000 Jews die
Herod the Great
appointed King
of Palestine
Herod's
Temple
begun
JESUS BORN
Herod the Great D:4
The NT opens with a Hellenized Palestine controlled by Rome
Herod Antipas
rules (until 39AD)
"PAX ROMANA"

3 Legacies of the Roman Empire:
1. centralized gov't
2. stability / order
3. paved roads
PURPLE...
Christmas: Dec.25?
* est. early 4th C
* calculated from
Eliz preg and the date
of Zechariah's Priestly
service
* later connection with
Paganism
6? 4? 0?
* dating set in 525AD
by Dionysius Exiguus
* no 0
Julius Caesar's mistress; after his death, she married Mark Antony, one of his Generals and his closest friend, for love and politics. On rumors of her death, he killed himself. She, fearing Roman invasion, committed suicide via cobra, a royal symbol.
Jewish Goal: Preserve Religion & Culture
Cooperate
Rebel
Sadducees
Sanhedrin
Zealots
Essenes
Qumran
1947-56
Pharisees
70 plus High Priest
Jewish ruling council, or high court
mostly Sadd; a few Phar.
materialistic Hellenizers
emphasized purity of religion
popular with middle class Jews
Rome rules Palestine
or "Pax Augustus" begins
27
One of the greatest Jewish warriors along side Joshua, Gideon & David.
Full transcript