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Pre-Revolution Culture in Iran
Transcript of Pre-Revolution Culture in Iran
-Art, movies, music, and fashion Pop music was very popular before the revolution, but was banned after the revolution
Female singer named Googoosh was also very popular during the Pre-Revolution era.
Registered name is Faegheh
Known for crazy outfits and fashion sense-hip elegant styles
Was forbidden to sing after the Islamic revolution in 1979 and her music was banned
Married Massoud Kimiaei in 1990 after a few previous bad marriages, and is still married to him today. He encouraged her to start singing and recording again and in 2000 she went on tour around the globe and her concerts were all sold out shows. Music •Cinema in Iran was originally looked down upon and disapproved, and religious leaders said that cinema was corrupting
•Starting in the 1920’s films were formally censored
•Many people and religious authorities rejected or ignored cinema- some considered it a sin to see a movie
•People in Iran could only see cinema if they were very rich or came from and elite family “Hamid Dabashi puts it, “the unfortunate state of the pre-revolutionary art was such that, in order to see the work of even Amir Naderi or Daryush Mehrju’i, two of the most progressive film-makers at the time, one had to sit next to the Pahlavi ruling elite.”
Movies Art •Fashion in Iran Pre-Revolution was very westernized. If one was to go to Iran before the revolution, they would find it very similar to America. Iran in the early 70’s wore bell bottoms, go-go outfits, and crazy patterns, just like some of the hippies in America. Women could wear whatever was fashionable at that time, as a freedom. Their clothes back then differ from those now however because women are required to wear veils and long dresses with no legs showing. The extent of changing up their outfits is wearing a colorful veil or printed dress.
•President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad wants to settle it by promoting government-approved apparel for women, garments intended to introduce an array of clothes that are “Islamic and beautiful” at the same time. Clothing styles were distinguished by class and status rather than by gender.
•Pro-western, modernist ruler, Reza Shah also encouraged Iranians to wear European clothes during the Pahlavi dynasty. Moreover, he believed that the Isalmic dress code and hijab limited the country’s modernization and duly outlawed the chador in 1936, ordering the police to tear them off women who wore them in public Fashion http://www.iranchamber.com/music/googoosh/googoosh.php
"Iran Chamber Society: Iranian Music: Googoosh." Iran Chamber Society: Iranian Music: Googoosh. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Oct. 2012. <http://www.iranchamber.com/music/googoosh/googoosh.php>.
http://www.nelson-atkins.org/blog/Elements.jpg Googoosh Googoosh on tour in 2000 Pre-Revolution Googoosh
Erdbrink, Thomas. "Ahmadinejad Steps into Iran’s Dress-code Debate." Washington Post. The Washington Post, 26 Dec. 2011. Web. 24 Oct. 2012. <http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/middle_east/in-iran-a-battle-over-womens-fashions/2011/12/22/gIQAj0HVIP_story.html>.
http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/images/h2/h2_ciran_1.jpg Fashion Iranian Pop singers wearing psychedelic and funky clothing-Pre-Revolution Art Ekhtiar, Maryam, and Marika Sardar. "Modern and Contemporary Art in Iran". In Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000–. http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/ciran/hd_ciran.htm (October 2004)
Tapper, Richard. “Screening Iran: The Cinema as National Forum.”
–Centre for World Dialogue. Richard Tapper, n.d. Web. 23 Oct. 2012
<http://www.worlddialogue.org/content.php?id=154>. Works Cited By: Paige Graham, Rachael Denton, and Erron O. 1969 marked the birth of Iranian cinema with the release of The Cow by Daryush Mehrju'i's and Massoud Kimia'i's Queysar
The films of this time were mostly tragedies
The Cow was a prize winning film. It is about a man named Hassan who loves his cow dearly. His cow dies, and Hassan is overcome with grief. His depression causes him to think he is a cow, and he takes on cow mannerisms such as eating hay. The movie tragically ends with Hassan dying Influential Films -Saqqakhana refers to a group of artists that use ideas from the Iranian past- this group includes Parviz Tanavoli and Siah Armajani
-Tanavoli created a series of work that incorporated the word "nothingness"- he commonly used cuneiform in his arts, which is one of the first recorded laguages, most created sculptures
-Siah Armajani produced a series of calligraphic arts, his art helped shape the concept of public art in the USA Art in Iran in the 1950’s and 1960’s was more modern and contemporary art
Influential artists- Marcos Grigorian experimented with Earth Art (desert, dirt, mud) and was interested in popular art. He was very fond of teahouse paintings, and he helped organize the first Tehran Biennial, which displayed modern artwork and promoted modern art