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Pro Archia ll. 144-157

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by

Sergio Yona

on 18 September 2015

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Transcript of Pro Archia ll. 144-157

Quaeres a nobis, Gratti,
cur tanto opere hoc homine delectemur.

Quia suppeditat nobis ubi
-et animus ex hoc forensi strepitu reficiatur
-et aures convicio defessae conquiescant.
144-147
147-150
An tu existimas
-aut suppetere nobis posse quod cotidie dicamus in tanta varietate rerum,
nisi animos nostros doctrina excolamus,
-aut ferre animos tantam posse contentionem,
nisi eos doctrina eadem relaxemus?
154-157
me autem quid pudeat
qui tot annos ita vivo, iudices,
ut a nullius umquam me tempore aut commodo
-aut otium meum abstraxerit
-aut voluptas avocarit
-aut denique somnus retardarit?
150-154
Ego vero fateor
me his studiis esse deditum.

Ceteros pudeat,
si qui ita se litteris abdiderunt
ut nihil possint ex eis
-neque ad communem adferre fructum
-neque in aspectum lucemque proferre;
A change of topic . . .
Pro Archia ll. 144-157
indirect question (WL pp. 247-248):
Quaeres . . . cur . . . delectemur

relative clause of purpose (WL p. 328; A&G par. 531.2):
ubi . . . reficiatur

pefect participle (A&G par. 158):
aures . . . defessae

ablative of cause (WL p. 493):
convicio
indirect discourse (WL pp. 202-203):
existimas . . . suppetere nobis posse

ablative of means (WL pp. 116-117):
doctrina . . . doctrina eadem




indirect statement (WL pp. 202-203):
fateor me . . . esse deditum

jussive subjunctive (WL pp. 228-229):
pudeat

present subj. after secondary verb (A&G par. 485c)
ita se . . . abdiderunt, ut nihil possint
potential subjunctive (WL p. 308):
quid pudeat

result clause (WL pp. 237-240):
ita vivo . . . ut . . .
occupatio:
Quaeres a nobis, Gratti
. . .

synecdoche:
animus
. . .
aures

bipartite construction:
et
. . .
et
rhetorical question:
tu existimas . . . ?

bipartite construction:
aut
. . .
nisi
aut
. . .
nisi

antithesis:
varietate
. . .
excolamus
contentionem
. . .
relaxemus
anticipation:
ceteros
. . . si qui

hyperbaton:
communem
adferre
fructum

hendiadys:
in
aspectum lucemque
antithesis:
ceteros
. . .
me

syncopation:
avocarit
. . .
retardarit

tricolon:
aut otium
aut voluptas
aut somnus
Can you spot the contrast Cicero is making in this passage? How do you think it helps Archias?
What is the significance of "doctrina" in this passage. How important is it to Cicero and what is its connection to Archias (and what does it say about him)?
What is Cicero's opinion concerning studium and doctrina?
Although philosophy offers many problems, both important and
useful
, that have been fully and carefully discussed by philosophers, those teachings which have been handed down on the subject of moral
duties
seem to have the widest
practical application
. For no phase of life, whether public or private, whether in business or in the home, whether one is working on what concerns oneself alone or dealing with another, can be without its moral
duty
; on the
discharge of such duties
depends all that is morally right, and on their neglect all that is morally wrong in life.

Cicero, De officiis 1.2
What do you think would be Cicero's opinion regarding otium and officium or negotium?
Full transcript